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Ed211 Copyright-Free Materials

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K Vigil

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of Ed211 Copyright-Free Materials

Copyright Fair Use What is Copyright?

Copyright laws grant the creator the exclusive right to:
display derivative works publicly Exemptions from Copyright

The following are not protected by copyright:

Ideas, procedures, methods, systems, processes, concepts, principles, discoveries, or devices, (but written or recorded descriptions, explanations, or illustrations of such things are protected by copyright)

Works that are not fixed in a tangible form of expression, such as an improvised speech or performance that is not written down or otherwise recorded

Works by the US government

www.copyrightkids.org Public Domain (USA)

Before 1923 = public domain.

1923-1978 = public domain 95 years from the date copyright was secured.

After 1978 = public domain upon the death of the longest surviving author plus 70 years. The earliest possible Public Domain date for these is 1/1/2048.

All compositions that are not protected under copyright law are in the public domain. This means you can arrange, reproduce, perform, record, or publish it. 

More information: Cornell Site
http://copyright.cornell.edu/resources/publicdomain.cfm The "Fifth" Fair Use Factor: Are You Good or Bad? Public vs. Public Domain

There is a common misconception among students and teachers that “available to the public” means the same thing as “in the public domain” Types of Media and Permissible Amounts

The Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia contains portion limits that follow those of the 1976 print copyright law.

These are cumulative to each course, each semester. In other words, if students or educators do more than one multimedia project for a course, then the limits apply for all projects.

The Fair Use guidelines specifically exempt K-6 grade students from adhering strictly to portion limits. Printed Material for Multimedia

Must be from a legally acquired copy
Poem less than 250 words; 250 word excerpt of poem greater than 250 words
Articles, stories, or essays less than 2,500 words

Excerpt from a longer work (10 percent of work or 1,000 words, whichever is less)
One chart, picture, or cartoon per book or per periodical issue
Two pages (maximum) from an illustrated work less than 2,500 words (e.g. a children’s book) Illustrations and Photographs for Multimedia

Includes photographs, illustrations, and collections of photographs or illustrations

Check that older illustrations in the public domain are not part of a collection of works still under copyright

Images on the Internet may be downloaded for student projects and teacher lessons

A single work in its entirety

No more than 5 images by a single artist

From a collection, not more than 15 images or 10 percent (whichever is less) Video in Multimedia

Includes videotapes, DVDs, Blu-ray, Laserdiscs, Multimedia encyclopedias, QuickTime movies, video clips from the Internet

The material must be a legal copy and legitimately acquiredMust give proper attribution to copyright holder

Video can be downloaded for use in multimedia educational projects

10 percent or three minutes (whichever is less) of “motion media” Music for Multimedia

Includes records, cassette tapes, CDs, audio clips on the Web

Project must have an educational purpose

Sound files may be downloaded for use in multimedia educational projects

Up to 10% of a copyrighted musical composition may be reproduced, performed, and displayed

A maximum of 30 seconds per musical composition can be used Permission is Required When…

Using copyrighted works in educational multimedia projects for commercial reproduction and distribution.
Replicating and distributing multimedia projects.
Using a multimedia project for a period of longer than two years.
Using educational media as a means of instruction over the internet if the site is not password-protected. What is Fair Use?

A legal principle that provides certain limitations on the exclusive rights of copyright holders.

In addition to educational uses, Fair Use laws allow some use of copyrighted material for the purpose of comment/criticism and parody.

http://www.adec.edu References! Fair Use Chart for Teachers

http://www.techlearning.com/techlearning/pdf/events/techforum/tx05/TeacherCopyright_chart.pdf Using Copyright-Free Materials for Teaching and Learning Article I, Section 8, Clause 8 of the United States Constitution, known as the "Copyright Clause," empowers the United States Congress:

“To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries." http://search.creativecommons.org/ http://www.google.com/advanced_image_search Dear Mr. Smith,

I took the photograph of X that you used on your website. Ref: http://example.com
The photograph is copyrighted. It may not be used without payment and without permission.

I ask that you remove it immediately. As you may be aware, copyrighted photographs are protected from Internet piracy by the Digital Millennium Act. There are criminal and civil penalties for infringement.

I gather that you are connected with Boston University. Please send me your address so that I can send you an invoice for the unauthorized use of my photograph. Dear Ms. Vigil:

Thank you for removing my photograph from the website -- however by then a lot of damage had been done.

My photo was clearly marked as copyrighted. There could be no possible use of this photograph for educational purposes. I make my living as a photographer and when my work is put on a website such as yours, others feel free to use it for their own purposes.

It cost me thousands and thousands of dollars to go to X to take that photo and others. What happened with this photo has repercussions for me.

These limits promote creativity among students, giving a resounding “no” to the student who wants to combine photographs from one art book, poems by one poet, and a song to “create” a multimedia project.

Instead, it requires more research to develop a theme from among different media and a wider variety of creators. Public Domain Create Transform Commons Licensing Fair Use? Offline vs. Online? Copyright is a protection that covers published and unpublished literary, scientific, and artistic works, whatever the form of expression.

The creator does not need to add the copyright symbol or register the work with the U.S. government. The work must be in a fixed in a tangible or material form. Motion Media http://animoto.com/play/CSqlz0zIApQn8jLuFWXxdQ# Windows
Movie Maker Has the material you have taken from the original work been transformed by adding new expression or meaning?

Was value added to the original by creating new information, new aesthetics, new insights, and understandings? (Stanford) http://fotoflexer.com/ http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page Copyleft is a general method for making a program (or other work) free, and requiring all modified and extended versions of the program to be free as well.

To copyleft a program, we first state that it is copyrighted; then we add distribution terms, which are a legal instrument that gives everyone the rights to use, modify, and redistribute the program's code, or any program derived from it, but only if the distribution terms are unchanged. Thus, the code and the freedoms become legally inseparable.

http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/ Anything created before 1923 - BUT watch out for copyrighted versions of creative works by groups/individuals or as part of a collection Copyright-friendly Works by the
U.S. government http://pics4learning.com/ http://www.morguefile.com/ http://www.royaltyfreemusic.com/free-music-program/ www.nasa.gov http://www.loc.gov/index.html http://www.archives.gov/ http://www.voki.com/pickup.php?scid=6904359&height=267&width=200 Hardware - flip cameras, regular digital cameras, mobile technology cameras Sound Hardware - digital voice recorder, microphones in various devices Images Screen shot (Cmd/Shift/4 Apple, Print Screen/Crop for PC Hardware - digital camera, mobile devices http://www.abcya.com/animate.htm http://www.bitstrips.com/create/comic http://www.wordle.net/ http://www.picmonkey.com/ http://pixlr.com/editor/ http://ipiccy.com/editor
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