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Ines Adhiaksono

on 15 March 2013

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Transcript of Brains

Brain How Digital Technology Impacts our In your Opinion, do you think Digital Technology bring more positive or negative effect towards the brain?
Explain your reason Digital Technology
A form of technology that:

transforms information (pictures, sounds)
to a binary code (1 and 0),
transfers it to another device
to be decoded in order show original input Brain Communication & Information Virtual Simulations To Conclude.. Brain Conclusion Storm! + Digital
Technology Virtual
Simulations Communication & Information Good Bad X Good X Bad =
0101 0101
= Source Transmitter Decoder Receiver Communication&Information Virtual simulation

devices that help us in communicating & sharing information

enables us to experience unreal situations as if it's reality Positive Negative Medical treatment
- Phobias
- Parkinson’s disease

Geographic designing and teaching
- Simulations
- Interactivity Advantages of Virtual Reality Treatment for phobias
e.g. public transport, spiders, speech

Start by having them hold the ground, staffs monitor what would happen
- breathing rate, pulse

Teach them how to deal with unexpected situation Exposure therapy - Measures body movement, send feedback through earphones

- Visual and auditory feedback have therapeutic effects
to brain Medical treatment Geoscience research - Computer-based and web technologies

- Simulations; process of surveying, observing and ‘adventuring’

- Integrates diverse types of data from different viewpoints

- Provides enhanced and expanded experience Simulating process Remote warfare

Fighting real war in a safe environment
Drones do the fighting
Lack of casualties Brief overview Combat stress, PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder Severe lack in physiological strength , imbalance. Personalized, responsible for multiple targets Living a day to day life but hunting and killing people then returning to normal life Psychological stress ”In his essay ‘Reflections on War and Death’ French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau
“asks the reader what he would do if without leaving Paris he could kill, with great profit to himself, an old mandarin in Peking by a mere act of his will. Rousseau implies that he would not give much for the life of the dignitary.” Imagine if great numbers could so exercise their will. What violence would be unleashed, how many prostrate bodies around the globe who never knew what hit them. Younger generation growing up with video games, killing remotely might come easily to them, human life is meaningless Positive negative Junk Sleep "Character Amnesia" Multi tasking and Distraction Junk sleep A physiological effect where proper REM is not achieved due to the usage of electronic devices before falling asleep

Brightness of screen,
Portability of device
Nature of the content of device

(Chatfield 2012)

83% of the 2072 Chinese respondents

66.5 of 2,069 of Japanese respondents Character Amnesia Cause:
-Alphabet based input system
-Conversion function
-Increasing use of PC and phone (Evans,J 2010)&(Japan Today) Binge surfing & Multi tasking

-Fill the desktop & tabs of your Browser window
-Fill your tool bar

-Compare your ‘desktop’ along with your group mates!
-Make note of same tabs/programs
-count the average number of tabs+programs of your group Binge surfing Do you Multi-task?

Clifford Nass suggest instead of being good at one thing, multi taskers are not good in everything. Multitasking When multi tasking, brain doesn’t store memory in one place,
but in small pieces When attention are scattered and diffused, Discussion Question How would you recommend a way to reduce the negative impact of

(Pick one) Junk Sleep/ character Amnesia/Multi tasking? Exhaustion, poor mental hygiene, lacking benefits of proper sleep .

Loss of cultural identity. Disruption in Linguistic & Memory function

Low scores, Overall poor brain development Junk Sleep

Character Amnesia

Multitasking Potential Prolonged Effects Digital Technology development has been able to have a positive impact on the brain, however it could also have a negative impact on the brain. Ashok,Jenny,Jovana, Kiran, Ines Phenomenons Character Amnesia Studies show that an average worker switch work every 3 minute Admits problem in Handwriting Chinese Characters China Youth Daily Survey

Japan Today survey (Randy, D n.d.) (News Medical 2007) (Weili, Q et al 2002) (Randy, D n.d.)
(News Medical 2007) (Jackson) Discussion Question When you watch a simulation video of a certain place or phenomena instead of actually being there, does it help you to get any information needed or expand your experience?

if so, share your experience.
if not, why do you think it didn't work well?
WII – Good form of exercise
Games visually stimulate the brain

Nintendo DS – Stores Information,
Have a lot of Brain gym games
Instructional/ Learning
Play station- Great audio and visuals.
Educate the brain
Enhance concentration
Makes you think~ Situation avoidance or a pre-plan a mass attack Video Gaming Systems Students spend most of their time online.
With Technological advancements, we don’t need to remember information, can focus on other aspects

The world requires us to build things, to do things, that is what students need to be prepared for nowadays. Education wise Kids need to be problem solvers nowadays, they need to find innovative solution for problems.
Minds are being opened in new ways. Education wise Audio and Visuals feature in digital devices engage the brain with bright pictures and loud sounds- For example; animations

Cell phones with Data Plans- we can immediately search for answers online, less analytical thinking

With all the online options, it makes us more decisive. Effects on brain Digital technology development can affect various brain related aspects

Physiological (Brain activity, Brain wave, stimuli)
Skill (physical, linguistic,etc)
Perception (How we view things)
Learning ability
etc. It is not only about the device, but it's also how we use it References Chatfield,T 2011,Your Brain is Full of Junk: Here’s Why. Available from:< http://www.wired.com/cs/promo/blogs/changeaccelerators 2011/09/22/do-you-defrag-your-brain/> [7th march 2013]

Evans,J 2010, Wired Youth forget how to write in China and Japan, Agence France Presse

Hello Direct n.d. Analog vs. Digital, what’s the difference?. Available from < http://telecom.hellodirect.com/docs/Tutorials/AnalogVsDigital.1.051501.asp> [7th March 2013]

Japan Today 2012 , Declining Kanji-writing skill of Japanese blamed on cellphones, computers. Available from:< http://www.japantoday.com/category/national/view/declining-kanji-writing-skill-of-japanese-blamed-on-cell-phones-computers> [7th March 2013]

Jackson M, 2011, Digital Overload is Frying Our Brains. Available from http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2009/02/attentionlost/[7th March 2013]

Nass, C 2009 Interview Clifford Nass online video. Available from: PBS Frontline[2nd March 2013]

Randy, D n.d., It’s Not All in Your Head. Available from: <http://www.wired.com/medtech/health/news/2005/01/66408?currentPage=all>. [2 March 2013]

Virtual reality device helps multiple sclerosis patients walk, News Medical, 2007. Available from: <http://www.news-medical.net/news/2007/05/01/24487.aspx>. [2 March 2013

Weili, Q & Tom, H 2002, ‘The Advantages and Disadvantages of Virtual Field Trips in Geoscience Education’, The China Papers, pp 75-77 (Chatfield 2012) (Jackson 2011) Questions Would it be easy to differentiate between real life warfare and video games? The Brain & how it is affected by technology The brain allows us to: - think
- feel
- move - see
- hear
- taste The Lobes divided into 4 sections *Frontal Lobe: planning, decision making, problem solving *Parietal Lobe: movement, orientation, recognition *Occipital Lobe: Visual processing *Temporal Lobe: memory, speech, auditory BOOK VS. GOOGLE - Neuroscientist: DR. Gary Small EXAMINATION: - Twofold increase of brain activity - encourages decision making Frontal Lobe Size - full size at 6 years of age "a child born today will have spent a full year glued to screens by the time they reach the age of seven." - Psychologist Dr. Aric Sigman - leads to reduction of attention span brain chemical: dopamine Dopamine - fast changing stimulation caused by
different devices are bad for a child's: *cognitive processes
*brain development - produced in brain ADHD associated with decreased dopamine activity QUESTION Do you think that the brain of children growing up in a digital nation can be harmed?
Give reasons. Multitasking - brain stores information in memories - brain cannot do 2 things at once! - leads memory to be disorganized Prof. Clifford Nass Example DOES NOT give the brain a downtime! brain loses ability to: *learn better

*remember information

*be creative divided to serve: it's harder
to become creative,
to relate,
to focus,
to think lat. oculus=eye TEMPORAL LOBE PTSD Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Virtual Simulation used to treat stress disorder Trick the brain into thinking differently Reintroduces scenarios over time Reintroduces scenarios over time Education-wise *Ipads - Replaces textbooks
Engages students
Educational applications on Itunes

*Laptop and
Computers - Daily use
Online Assignments are done
Engages students

Smart Board- Teachers can engage students by writing on the board
Convinient *dopamine activity GAME http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/concentration.htm
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