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Bill of Rights Intro.
Transcript of Bill of Rights Intro.
But we can move beyond the present.
Here is something small...
Here is some context. Provide some common ground.
Or something from the present, that we should look beyond.
The Bill of Rights...
For 10th graders.
The 1st Amendment guarantees freedom of religion, speech, the press, assembly, and petition.
This means that we all have the right to:
practice any religion we want to
to speak freely
to assemble (meet)
to address the government (petition)
to publish newspapers, TV, radio, Internet (press)
The 2nd Amendment protects the right
to bear arms, which means the right to own a gun.
In Alabama, you have to be 18 to own a gun, and you have to have a permit to have a handgun.
The 3rd Amendment says “No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.”
Basically, we don't have to let soldiers stay in our homes if we don't want them to. This sounds crazy, but it was a big deal during the Revolutionary War.
The 4th Amendment protects the people from unreasonable searches and seizures.
We don't mean seizures like you are shaking on the floor. We mean the government actually takes your stuff.
This amendment protects us from the government. They have to have a warrant(good cause) to search our property and take our stuff.
The 5th Amendment protects people from being held for committing a crime unless they are properly indicted, (accused)
You may not be tried twice for the same crime (double jeopardy)
You don’t have to testify against yourself in court. (Self-incrimination)
Basically, if you are ever accused of committing a crime, there is a series of events that must happen in order for it to be legal.
The 6th Amendment guarantees a speedy criminal trial.
1. You can't be kept in jail for more than one year without a trial.
2. An impartial jury (doesn’t already think you are guilty)
3. You can confront witnesses against them.
4. You must be allowed to have a lawyer.
You have some guarantees if you are ever arrested (Let's hope not...):
The 7th Amendment guarantees the right to a speedy civil trial.
A civil trial differs from a criminal trial. A civil trial is when someone sues someone else. A criminal trial is when the state tries to convict someone of a crime.
Deterimine which picture is a civil trial and which picture is a criminal trial.
The 8th Amendment guarantees that punishments will be fair and not cruel, and that extraordinarily large fines will not be set.
For instance, you shouldn't be fined $20000 for a speeding ticket. Or your hand shouldn't be cut off for cheating on Mr. Rinks' test, but it could be...
Just because these rights are listed in the Constitution doesn’t mean you don’t have other rights too.
What are some things you can think of that YOU think you have a right to, that we haven't listed yet?
The 10th Amendment states that any power not granted to the federal government belongs to the states or to the people.
Basically, any kind of power that wasn't brought up in the Constitution belongs to the States, like Alabama.
One of these things is education. Does the federal government have any say on how we do things in this classroom?
Follow along with your graphic organizer and life will be much easier for you! Feel free to give us you opinions and questions, just be sure to raise your hand before you start changing the world!!
Which amendment do you think impacts a 10th grader the most and why? Write it down in 3 sentences and be ready to explain it to me and your history friends. Turn it in before you leave this room.
Hey wait, are there more amendments or is this it??
Yes, these first ten amendment are known as the Bill of Rights,
but there are many more!
Lets look at some...
The 13th Amendment says, Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist within the United States.
So.... no slavery! Good idea.