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Transcript of Angola
By: Theya Detorio
Angola's Physical Description
Angola has a mix of different climates. Angola changes its climate to correspond with the season it is experiencing; the climates it can experience are rainy and dry. During the summer, Angola is hot and dry, and February through April is the rainy season. Angola's size is more than three times the size of California. The majority of land located in Angola are subtropical grassland and deserts with a few hardwood forests scattered throughout the North East portion of the country.
Population of Angola
Location of Angola
Map of Major Cities
Angola neighbors the countries DR Congo, Zambia, Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe.
8.8383° S, 13.2344° E
Education of Angola
Educational Rate between Genders
"The Ratio of young literate females to males (% ages 15-24) in Angola was 81.07 in 2009, according to a World Bank report, published in 2010. Ratio of young literate females to males is the percentage of females to males ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life."
Length of Education (Years)
Ethnicity in Angola
The main language spoken in Angola is Portuguese; however, Kikongo, Kimbundu, Umbundu, Tuchokwe, Nganguela, and Ukanyama are African languages that are spoken frequently in Angola.
Angola's GDP is $115.7 billion
It's GDP per capita is $5,895.
It has a 3.5% GDP growth rate, which is low.
The oil and other industries in Angola are currently helping the country flourish more economically.
Angola's minimum wage for its employes is roughly $88.17 monthly.
Oil industries make up 90% percent of its exports, which they mostly ship to the U.S. and China.
Angola also had other natural resources, diamonds being its second source of wealth.
Angola's top three exports are crude petroleum oils, refined petroleum oils, and petroleum gases.
Angola's top three imports are gas control valves, parts to assist in lifting and discovering machinery, and beer.
Angola uses the kwanza for their currency.
Because Angola 's economy is growing, it is a developing country. It has not yet reached it's full potential economically.
Angola became a nominally multiparty democracy in 1992 and has been since then.
The government in Angola is still trying to develop itself; corruption within the government system doesn't help.
Angola is mostly ruled by José Eduardo dos Santos, who has been president of the country since 1979.
The president is head of state and head of the whole government. Angola does have an executive, judicial, and a legislative branch.
The country is rich around the main cities but due to corruption, there is still a lot of poverty.
History of Angola
The natives to Angola were the Khoisan people. However, the Khosians' reign over Angola disappeared when the Portuguese conquered Angola in 1400s. The Portuguese people became the leader of Angola and did not leave until the 1900s; however, before the Portuguese left, they manipulated the country to their advantages. They used the people of Angola as slaves, established their industries, and utilized any natural resources they could fine. After many centuries, the Portugal rulers were eventually overthrown in the 1970's.
People from Angola revolted against Portuguese officials in Portugal, resulting in victory.
The MLPA (People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola – Labour Party) gained control over Angola.
African military from the South forced Angola to support Unita, or the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola.
The Portuguese arrived in Angola, beginning the start of many centuries under Portugal rule.
The Portuguese government illegalized slave trade in Angola.
Event From Past/Current Event
The Portuguese government controlled Angola for many centuries before they were overthrown. This was a time of celebration for the people of Angola; however, that period of peace was short-lived. Although the MLPA (People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola – Labour Party) had won the right to rule over Angola officially in 1976, they still faced rebellions during and before their reign. The FNLA (National Liberation Front of Angola) and UNITA (National Union for the Total Independence of Angola) were MLPA's main rivals. These two opponents had opposed MLPA's ideas; however, they were defeated and MLPA members were appointed the official leaders, with documentations, of Angola in 1976. This was an amazing advancement for MLPA. Although MLPA was opposed by UNITA again in 1987, UNITA was quickly defeated after a year. The MLPA plays a vital role in Angola's history because they have been controlling Angola since they defeated the Portuguese government in 1974.
In Angola, starvation is a huge obstacle the people are trying to overcome. In Paul Theroux's book “The Last Train to Zona Verde: My Ultimate African Safari”, it reveals how the Angola people deal with hunger in their daily lives. The adaption of Paul's section focused on Angola by the New York Times shows a women selling chicken legs on the side of the road. The chicken did not even look edible to Paul. All three buckets of chicken legs were covered in swarms of flies. Paul refused to buy any chicken from her, but she insisted and hunger caused Paul to give in. He purchased the chicken leg with the least amount of flies around it. It did not hit him until after he bought the chicken that the people pf Angola did not have the luxury to pick what food to eat each day. As he looked around at the skinny African children and the desperate sellers, he described to us just how hungry the people of Angola are.
Clothing- The dress code in Angola is quite lazy. Women in some communities are required to wear long skirts; however, violation of this rule are not really punished.
Food- Portuguese dishes are of the most abundant food found in Angola because of the Portuguese's rule over Angola for many centuries. Some dishes are funge, arroz, fish stews, and so on.
Religion- The most common religion in Angola is Roman Catholic. This religion makes up over half of the population. The rest of the Angolan people are part of Protestant religions such as African churches, Baptist, Methodist, etc.
Art- Literature is quite popularly expressed in Angola. Many people use poetry and others forms of writing to critic their government. Crafts are also a common form of art the people of Angola use to express themselves. Wooden carvings, pottery, sculptures, and masks are just a few of the artistic projects Angolans create.
National Museum of Slavery (Angola)
After much research, I have decided not to visit Angola. The people there seem like good company; however, because I am accustomed to the lifestyle in America, I don't think I could survive there. The poverty there along with the lack of sterility terrifies me. The amazing tourist spots tempts me to visit, but I would rather stay in America. I also did enjoy this project. I got some insight on a country I didn't even know existed, which was a great experience for me.
The production of oil reached 1,000,000 barrels each day in Angola.