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Ms. Reeve's Short Story
Transcript of Ms. Reeve's Short Story
house with spires reaching for the black
midnight sky as a jagged bolt of lightning
illuminates the angular windows and steep roof
lines. Leafless trees often enshroud the house
from all sides. Whether the story takes place in the past or present, the house is often dilapidated, dark, and lonely Irony Irony results when the outcome of a situation is opposite to what the reader might have expected; irony often creates a surprise ending. Irony- Example An example of a story that was built
on irony is "The Gift of the Magi" by
O. Henry.In this story, Jim and Della
are quite poor, but very much in
love. For Christmas, Della is
determined to buy Jim an expensive
watch fob for his prized watch, even
though she has to sell her beautiful
hair to get the money. Irony is
created when we learn that Jim has
bought Della combs for her hair, but
had to sell his watch to get the money for the purchase. Foreshadowing Foreshadowing is a technique that authors use to drop hints or clue about what will happen later, thereby helping to build suspense and prepare readers for the outcome. Thoughts, actions, conversations, events, and even weather can all trigger foreshadowing Foreshadowing- Example In the novel Silas Marner by George Eliot, rain and heavy fog appear just before Silas' horde of gold is stolen. A heavy snowstorm serves as the backdrop for the untimely death of Molly Farren. When Silas first sees Eppie on his hearth, Her golden curls are bathed in the the warm glow of his fireplace, an omen of the happiness she will will bring with him. Beautiful weather on Eppie's wedding day foreshadows the happy, glorious life awaiting her, Flashback In a flashback, an author recreates a scene that took place at an earlier time and tells it as if it is happening at the present moment. Flashback- Example In the novel Ethan Frome by Edith Wharton, the narrator gathers, piece by piece, the story of Ethan Frome's life and then, after a brief introduction, the book falls into a lengthy flashback. It recounts what happened to Ethan Frome twenty-four years earlier. The novel transport its reader back to the present just before its final pages. Flashback- Example In A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, the Ghost of Christmas Past takes readers on a journey into various scenes in Ebenezer Scrooge's past. Theme The theme is the author's message or underlying purpose in writing a story, novel, or play. The author reveals a truth or offers a commentary about life or about people.
Usually the them is only implied.
In longer works, a dominant theme may be supported by several lesser themes Theme- Example In the novel Animal Farm by George Orwell, barnyard animals rebel and set up their own government that operates on the principles of Communism. Orwell's theme, though never stated, is obvious: Totalitarian (Facist) governments are always selfish and oppressive, taking unfair advantage of the people. Symbolism Symbolism is the practice of using a object to represent a belief, idea, superstition, or an institution. Examples of Symbolism Many objects in our society are said to be symbolic. Rabbit's foot- good luck
Skull and crossbones- Poison
An eagle- U.S. Government Symbolism Examples In the novel Moby Dick by Herman Melville, Captain Ahab is obsessed by his desire to find and kill the great white whale, Moby
Dick. This whale,
critics agree, as
well as Ahab's
ship the Pequod,
and even Ahab
himself are all symbols in the struggle of Good vs. Evil. Character A character is a make-believe person (or animal) in a work of fiction Major character - is what the story
revolves around, and is sometimes called
the protagonist or hero. Readers are
inclined to identify with the major
character and experience the story from
his/her point of view. Major characters always undergo some kind of change or development. Minor Characters - the purpose of minor character, to support the major character
(s). Minor characters never developed
in great detail like the major character.
Often, they are one-dimensional,
portraying a single trait such as cowardice, gluttony, courage, greed, loyalty, or laziness. Characterization Characterization is the device used by an author to develop a character through: What the character says and does What other people in the story say about him/her and how they react to him/her What the author reveals directly or through a narrator Examples: The character: "A man is what he is, Bob, and
there's no breaking the mold. I tried that and I've
lost." Other people: "I like him." Mother's voice was
serious. "He's so nice and polite and sort of
gentle.. Not like most men I've met out here." Narrator: He rode easily, relaxed in the saddle...It was the easiness of a coiled spring, of a trap set. Shane by Jack Schaefer Plot The plot of a story consists of the episodes or the events that make up the action Plot Highlights: Near the Ship-Trap Island, Rainsford falls overboard and swims to shore. He is greeted by General Zaroff, a big gmae hunter who lives in a castle on the island and has grown bored with hunting animals and now hunts human beings instead. Rainsford discovers that he himself is a quarry; he is given a hunting knife and
a three-hour head start. Rainsford's
life is spared by Zaroff the first day.
The second day, Raindford kills one of
Zaroff's servants. On third day,
Rainsford leaps far out into the sea,
swims back to the castle, hides, and
surprises Zaroff on his return. "The Most Dangerous Game" by Richard Connell Conflict Conflict is the struggle between two opposing forces; this struggle forms the basis for the plot. Person vs. Person - one character struggles against another character Person vs. Self - a character battles his own weaknesses, fears, and faults Person vs. Nature - a character is pitted against the forces of nature Example In Ernest Hemingway's short story novel, The Old Man and The Sea, the main character is Santiago, a Cuban fisherman who fights against the sea as well as a huge marlin in his struggle to overcome bad luck and catch fish. He battles against the opinion of the other men, who think of him as a loser. And he even confronts his
own self-image, trying to put to
rest his own fears and doubts.
As a result, Santiago faces all
three main types of literacy
conflicts. Literacy Terms