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6 theories of the state

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Albert John Alimurong

on 3 December 2012

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Transcript of 6 theories of the state

>State of nature with NO political organization.

>No wise rule = disobedience Oldest theory Patriarchal and the matriarchal theories Instinctive theory: Necessity and Force Theoretical Basis of the State DIVINE RIGHT THEORY Original family expanded through the marriage of children = FORMING NEW FAMILIES. “Objective expressions of the instinct of men for association.”
> desire for protection

> forced by war Group no.1 Alimurong & Mercado Contract theory: > Institutionalized expression of the human instinct for political expression, which is inherent (something innate / natural) in man. God VESTED the political power MIDDLE AGES (16TH-17TH CENTURY) FAMILY CLAN TRIBE KINGDOM Economy Theory END. Source: 6Theoretical Basis of the State Tribe > Family
constituted the original Social Org. -Aristotle (politics) >man by nature was a political animal
-Ciero (Commonwealth) First cause of association was not so much by the weakness of man as the spirit of congregation w/c naturally belonged to him Take care of man's multifarious needs inability to provide needs alone = SLAVERY Plato (republic) > "that owing to our many wants , and because each seeks... " X for not having enough historical proofs Historical / Evolution Theory Burges - (well known authority in Political Science) : "The proposition that the state is the product of history means that IT IS THE GRADUAL AND CONTINUOUS DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN SOCIETY, out of a GROSSLY IMPERFECT beginning, through crude but improving forms of manifestation, towards a perfect and universal org. of mankind... Universal side" We may therefore conclude that NO single ONE of the theories mentioned can account WHOLLY for the erection of the state. Reason and history, however, assures us that the state was not suddenly made and was not created at the blink of an eye. Principles of Political Science Jose Anuego
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