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Roofing of Different Cultures

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Sammi Rocker

on 6 October 2014

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Transcript of Roofing of Different Cultures

A Familiar Beginning
Location: United States: Mid-Atlantic Region

What does the roof of the house look like?
Consider:


Halfway Around the World
Location: Asia: Japan and Thailand

What do the roofs of these houses look like?
What went into this design?
What went into this design?
Down South: Hot and Dry
Location: South America: Peru

What does the roof of this house look like?
References
[1] L. Keyes. (2014, October). Regional Climate Description: Mid-Atlantic. Available: http://www.garden.org/regional/report/description/full/13
[2] Style Roofing. (2014, October). Choosing a Roofing System. Available: http://www.styleroofing.com/roofing-types/
[3] (2014, October). Wealth in the United States. Available: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wealth_in_the_United_States
[4] Japan National Tourism Organization. “Architecture,” Japan: the Official Guide. [Online]. Available: http://www.jnto.go.jp/eng/indepth/cultural/experience/a.html
[5] “Japanese Architecture,” New World Encyclopedia. (2014, May). [Online]. Available: http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Japanese_architecture
[6] M. Young. “Roof Innovations,” The Art of Japanese Architecture. (2013, December). [Online]. Available: http://goo.gl/Mrm8MN
[7] (2006, October 4). The Weather and Climate in Lima. Available: http://www.limaeasy.com/lima-info/the-weather-and-climate-in-lima#information
[8] V. Martinez. (October 1). Peru: Earthquake Resistant Houses Made From Adobe. Available: http://www.english.ecosur.org/index.php/past-editions-e-magazine-285/92-edition-34-april-2009/378-peru-earquake-resistant-houses-made-from-adobe
[9] L. J. M. Righetti. (October 1). Traditional Building in Peru. Available: http://www.icomos.org/iiwc/seismic/Jurina.pdf
Image Sources
http://www.homeaircheck.com/sites/default/files/house.png

http://shipwreckedwiki.com/images/5/5a/Sw_traditional_guest_house.png

http://img2.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20120223221633/cityville/images/b/b5/Japanese_House-SE.png

http://img4.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20120217191010/cityville/images/a/ac/Japanese_Farm_House-SE.png
Roofing of Different Cultures
Sammi Rocker, Megan Turner, Alma Vela, Yoonjin Kim
A roof can be the
most significant
architectural element of
a building, the shape and design of
which must be selected based on certain functions it serves.
The three largest considerations on roof design we are
discussing are:
Financial Necessities
Elemental Requirements
Cultural Values and Tradition
Pitch (or slope) of the roof
Material of the roof
Elemental Openness
Region's Climate:
Generally temperate; Moderate seasons, including direct sunlight, precipitation, and temperature changes
Result- Closed Roof Structure and Moderate Pitch
Region's Culture:
Artistically and aesthetically forward
Result- Complicated Roof Styles (for beauty, not function)
Region's Finances:
Wealthy region, not only in the world but within the US as well
Result- Strong, Well-manufactured Materials
Region's Climate:
Heavy Precipitation, specifically snow; Strong storms
Result: Extremely pitched roof design,
strong materials like metal and rock


Region's Culture:
Chinese influence in style, tradition of Buddhist values
Result- Open Roof Structure to work with the elements, decorative and concave construction
Region's Finances:
Mostly poor, agricultural communities of people
Result- Less expensive materials, like steel and rock, and less amount of materials, hence the open structure.
What went into this design?
Region’s climate:
Humid, warm, and mild with barely any rain, making Lima one of the driest capitals of the world. Foggy and moist in the summers; cloudy and damp in the winters.
Result: Flat roofs since there is practically no rain. Easier to build and cheaper to make

Region’s culture:
Adobe was normally used and they want to keep using it to follow tradition.
Result: Flat roofs and walls made out of Adobe. Cracks would get fixed with adobe and they are now finding ways for the adobe to be earthquake resistant.

Region’s finances:
The country is not in extreme poverty or classified as developing, but it does need to save its resources and save money. When creating homes, they need to be efficient.
Result: Peruvians recognize that adobe is cheaper to use since it’s mostly made from earth. Using it costs $9 per square meter.

Conclusions?
There is no "best" roofing system with respect to functionality; each region dictates what structure and materials should be used based on climate.

Roofs serve dual purposes; functionality and cultural expression. As we see in each of the chosen regions, their tradition and aesthetic emphasis has greatly influenced their roof styles.
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