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Art and Architecture in the Golden Age of Islam
Transcript of Art and Architecture in the Golden Age of Islam
Islamic architecture is based mostly off of Byzantine influences.
Islamic architecture is mostly seen in their mosques and palaces.
The Dome of the Rock
This was the first Islamic religious shrine which was built in 687C.E,
It is also known as the Mosque of Umar.
Inside this shine, there is the rock that Muhammad was said to have ascended into heaven on.
The design was very similar to Byzantine architecture of the era.
It still stands today in Jerusalem.
Traditional Architecture of the Golden Age of Islam
The four most common types of structures built during the Golden Age were Mosques, tombs, palaces, and forts.
Muslim architects based their structures off of many other civilizations.
Traditional Islamic architecture during the Golden Age was influenced by both secular and religious styles.
Influences of Islamic Architecture During the Golden Age of Islam
Islamic architects copied styles from Byzantine architecture, which they primarily used for building mosques.
Islamic architects incorporated Persian inspired dome building, which was primarily used on mosques and palaces.
Ottoman influence prompted Islamic architects to make the domes inside mosques look like the heavens for religious purposes.
Nur Astana Mosque
Mosques in the Golden Age of Islam
The Nur-Astana mosque is located in Kazakhstan.
The 40 pillars symbolize the age Muhammad received his revelations.
The Shah Mosque is located in Iran.
It was renamed the Imam mosque following the Islamic Revolution