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Transcript of Hatchet Presentation
By: Gary Paulsen Presented by: Elizabeth Schultz Characters: Brian-- the main character. He is about thirteen years old and has dark hair. Brian's parents recently got a divorce, so during this book, he is recovering. Brian is a dynamic character because undergoes a rite of passage throughout the book. Fire-- Even though fire is an inanimate object, it still plays the role of a character. The fire is comforting to Brian. Fire does not change, therefore fire is a static character. Brian's Mom-- She is caring but oblivious to Brian's needs. Brian's mother is dating a man secretly, but Brian still knows about it. She never changes, so she is a static character. Brian's Dad-- We do not know much about Brian's dad, but we do know that he lives far away from Brian. He is a static character. Chapters 1-4 Summary: Brian gets on a two person plane to leave to go to his dad's house. During the plane ride, he smells something foul. The pilot starts acting odd, but Brian ignores it. After a while, the pilot lurches forward and begins to jerk. The pilot is having a heart attack. He dies because of the violent heart attack. Brian is now trying to use the radio. Someone answers but is then unable to be heard because of the distances. Brian makes a plan to land in a lake when the engine dies. The engine eventually dies, and he looks for a lake but doesn't see any. He finally finds one and lands. Brian swims out leaving the dead pilot in the submerged plane. He drags himself onto the shore. Memories of his mom and dad serge through him before he falls asleep. Symbols The lake (WATER)-- The lake is made up of lots of water. In these chapters, water represents life. If Brian lands in a lake, then he has the possibility of living. Without the lake for Brian to land in, the plane would be totaled, and Brian would most likely be dead. Baptism-- As the plane submerges into the lake, many things change. Brian is in an unknown place and is completely vulnerable. This instance is considered a failed baptism because as he goes into the water, he comes out more confused than before. Sun-- "He turned again and sun came across the water, late sun, cut into his eyes and made him turn away" (Paulsen, 31.) In these chapters, the sun is an antagonist because it is slowing Brian down. The sun is a nuisance to Brian. 1. What happened to Brian?
a. He had a heart-attack
b. He ate lunch
c. He got in a plane crash
d. Both a&c Get out a pen and paper cause you are about to take a pop quiz! 2. Name two of the four characters listed. 3. What does water represent in these first four chapters? 4. Was the sun considered an antagonist or a protagonist? Why? Answers:
2. Brian, Brian's mom or dad, fire, or Brian's mom's BF
3. Water represents change AKA baptism. Also, the water (lake) represents life because of the plane crash.
4. The sun was considered an antagonist because it burned him and impaired his eyesight. Chapters 5-7 Summary: Brian wakes up from his sleep sore and vigorously thirsty. He drinks from the lake and the sun starts to burn him. He goes back to the shore and goes through his things. He has; his tennis shoes, finger nail clippers, a twenty dollar bill, a torn up wind breaker, and lastly his hatchet. Brian suddenly has a flashback of Thanksgiving because he is very hungry. Brian goes out to look for food and finds some sort of berry. They tasted bitter and weren't sweet at all. He was so hungry that he didn't care what they tasted like. Afterward, he went home to a cave he found and slept. In the morning he puked because he had eaten so many berries. He went back out and found some raspberries. As he turned to leave he spotted a bear. The bear didn't mind him though and turned to leave after a minute or two of observing. After eating many raspberries, he slept again. Symbols: Water-- Water in these chapters is beneficial because it quenches Brian's thirst. It represents a need that is met. The shore is considered a safe-haven because he knows he will be alright if he stays close to there. Back-flashes-- Brian's back-flashes haunt him. His mind is teasing him. The back-flashes connect to the current situation he is in. Example: "The meal had been turkey and they cooked it in the backyard..." (Paulsen, 55.) The memory of Thanksgiving was connected to the hunger he felt in these chapters. Food-- Brian calls the bitter berries "gut cherries." The gut cherries are the beginning of his food rite of passage. As the story progresses, his food will become more developed. Animals-- The bear that Brian meets doesn't attack him.Why? The animals there have never seen humans before. They are curious but not vicious. This symbolizes the difference between Brian's domesticated life and his new survival life. FOOD!!!! Try the first berry, but don't drink ANYTHING afterward. This is a blackberry, if you didn't know, and it tastes kinda like the gut cherries Brian had to eat. What would you do if you had to eat this for your breakfast, lunch, and dinner? Now you know how Brian feels. Now try the second berry, and again don't drink anything afterward. This is a raspberry. When Brian found these he was very happy because he no longer had to eat "gut cherries," but how would you like eating raspberries for all of your meals? Chapters 8-11 Summary: In the middle of the night, Brian smells a terrible stench. He also hears a slithering in the sand. Brian grabbed his hatchet and chucked it in the direction of the slithering creature. He was instantly struck with long quills in his leg. The creature first moved toward him but then left the cave. Brian felt the quills and then realized what had paralyzed him. It was a porcupine. When he threw the hatchet, it scared the animal causing it to shoot its quills at Brian. He yanked each quill out one by one then fell back to sleep. When he awoke, he decided that he needed to make a fire. He had an idea because when he threw the hatchet, it hit the wall of the cave and had made a flash of sparks. Brian tried to use sticks, his twenty dollar bill, and bark, but nothing would stay lit. He eventually made a nest of finely cut pieces of wood and made fire. He didn't want to leave the fire because it was precious to him, but he needed food and water. He finally left it and found turtle eggs. He ate them quickly because they suppressed his growing hunger. During this short period of time Brian has lost weight and is tan. He was also thinking differently. Brian had the idea to make a fish spear because he was still hungry. His mind was rolling with new ideas. Symbols Fire-- The fire is Brian's new best friend. It symbolizes warmth, light, and happiness. Brian doesn't want to leave it because he doesn't want it to burn out. Animals--Animals in this environment all have some sort of defensive action as seen through the porcupine. Throughout the book, we will see animals having physical characteristics that they will use against Brian. The Hatchet-- Brian's hatchet didn't seem to be very useful at first, but now it is. The hatchet was given to him from his mother. This is symbolic because she practically ruined their family. This "token" shows that she truly does love him but doesn't know how to show it. Game Time!!! Team 1: Lauren, Jonah, Bethany, Parker Team 2: Megan, Faith, Gabe, Chrispy Team 3: Zac, Mari, Niajah, Matt Name one of the symbols mentioned in chapters 8-11. What does it mean? Fire, Animals, or The Hatchet What happened to Brian in the middle of the night? (Hint: It was VERY painful) He was struck with quills from a porcupine. Settings • Home: "Home" for Brian is a major setting in the beginning of the book. We are not told where "Home" is but Brian makes many references to missing "Home." • The Beach Cave: His temporary home at the crash site is a small dugout cave on the side of a short cliff or wall. It is about six feet in length and about four or five feet deep. The cave is located on the beach front of the "L" shaped lake where he crash landed. •Various Places: The plane that Brian crashes in, the forest, his dad's house, and the Canadian woods are the various place that Brian goes. They aren't very important to the story, but they give imagery to the reader. Communion-- Communion is displayed between Brian and the fire. He eats and sleeps next to the fire. Brian spends all of his time enjoying the warmth and light it gives him. The fire is one of the only characters with which Brian communes with. What did Brian find to eat? Turtle eggs Daily Double: All teams! All or Nothing!
Who does Brian have communion with? How? Fire! He eats with the fire and sleeps next to it. The fire is his best friend. Chapters 12-15 Summary: Brian tried to use the fish spear, but it didn't work. He kept brainstorming on how to make it better, so he went out to look for supplies. He almost stepped on a large bird on his way. He was still looking when he heard a quiet whining sound. He didn't know what it was at first but then he recognized the familiar sound. "A plane! It was a motor, far off but seeming to get louder. They were coming for him!"(110.) He ran as fast as he could back to his cave where he lit a SOS fire. He waited for the plane to land, but instead he heard it turn away and fly another direction. The plane had not seen his fire and turned away. He stood there not believing what had just happened. Brian had no more hope...he did not want to "play the game" (112) anymore. He stood by the lake and watched wolves pass by on the other side. Brian had nothing else to do so he decided to improve his bow because he was sick of berries. After he made his bow, he went into the lake to test it out. After many failed attempts, he finally gets the bow to work and has fish to eat. The next night Brian wakes up to a skunk digging up his turtle eggs. He throw sand at the skunk and gets sprayed. He knew little mistakes like this could immobilize him, and he could starve. So he made a fish pond close to his cave just in case. He kept working on a bow to hit foolbirds with and eventually he did. After Brian figured out their camouflage, he had more than enough meat. Brian also found rabbits to eat. Symbols: Animals: "The wolf watched him for another time, another part of his life, then it turned and walked effortlessly up the hill" (115.) In these chapters, we see Brian become part of the animal cycle. Other animals acknowledge him as he does them. He starts to fit in with the animals around him. Rite of Passage: Brian is going through a major rite of passage throughout the book but especially in these chapters. Brian is thinking clearly and is coming up with new inventions. His food is more developed because of his clearer thinking. Brian has gone from berries to meat in a matter of weeks. Sickness: Brian realizes that if he gets injured or sick, he could starve. This also shows his rite of passage and clearer thought process. He is starting to think ahead unlike before. Brian makes the fish pond and also a small stockpile if turtle eggs to make sure he has food. Inventions/Tools: Brian has made a spear and a bow up to this point. The spear is for hunting foolbirds, fishing, and can also be used for defense. The bow is for long range hunting. He can shoot small animals like rabbits and squirrels with this tool. DEMONSTRATION TIME (: I need 5 volunteers who are willing to act for the class. Read your card and do exactly what it says The point of this was to demonstrate what Brian would have had to do to get food if he was sick or injured. He has to be very cautious or he will end up dead. Chapters 16-17 Summary: While Brian is out hunting, He gets trampled by a momma moose three times. The moose broke a couple of his ribs, but Brian makes it back to his cave. A few nights later, Brian hears a noise that sounds like a train. "A mystery sound. A spirit sound. A bad sound" (144.) He took out one of his spears thinking that it was an animal, but as the wind picked up, he knew what was coming. It was a tornado coming through the forest right at him. All of his things were scattered and the fire was put out. He had to rebuild everything later. Brian was also injured more on top of his previous injury. After it was all over, he slept. When he awoke, he saw the tail of the plane sticking out of the lake. The tornado had turned the plane over so now it was jutting out of the water. He remembered the pilot... and grimaced but hoped that the pilot was was at rest. Brian needed tools because all of his were broken by the tornado. All of a sudden it dawned on him...the survival pack! It's still in the plane! He could reach it by cutting his way into the surfaced tail. He could only dream of what might be in there. He decided to make a raft out of the debris and logs scattered everywhere. The raft was heavy and hard to push while swimming, so he decided to complete the task of getting the pack in the morning. That night he slept. In the morning he swam to the plane and tried to figure out how to get in. He was also afraid of getting in and the plane sinking with him still in it. He wasn't sure what to do. Symbols Animals: The MOOSE!!!! When Brian gets hit by the momma moose, it symbolizes the difference between him and the animals around him. This instance sets Brian apart from the other animals. This is also demonstrates a Man vs. Nature conflict. Rite of Passage: Brian has changed drastically physically and mentally. He is a completely different person now. His food is fully developed. He is fit and tan. Brian is also more resourceful. Weather patters: Whenever Brian's life is going well, the weather is usually not mentioned. In these chapters, we see Brian's life slowly slip into destruction, therefore, a tornado hits the beach and Brian's things are destroyed. But, after the bad weather, there is always sunshine. Let's look at my Creative Project (: Chapters 17-18
Summary: Brian kept looking for a way into the tail of the plane, but still found no way in. He punched the plane in anger and found out that the metal was thin and easy to cut. He started to hack the metal apart with his hatchet. When he had made a hole big enough for his head, he dropped his hatchet. It fell to the bottom of the lake, and Brian couldn't see it. He didn't know how deep the lake was, but Brian needed his hatchet. It was his only tool. Brian decided to dive and try to find it. He took a big breath and swam as hard as he could. It wasn't long before he face-planted into the bottom of the lake. Brian found his hatchet, and swam back up almost out of breath. He started his work again and made a hole big enough to swim through. Brian found the survival pack, but it was stuck. After he unhooked it from the chairs, he looked up at the cockpit...and saw the pilot. It was not a pretty sight. Brian swam back to his raft and then back to his cave. When Brian opened the survival pack, he was overjoyed. The waterproof pack consisted of; matches, a sleeping bag, a fishing pole, pots and pans, a gun, food, and an emergency radio. Brian turned it on, but it didn't do anything. He put it aside and started to make some of the food in the pack. Just as the food was finished cooking, Brian heard a plane. The plane landed on the lake where he was. The radio did work. Brian was saved! Symbols Hatchet: Brian looses his hatchet while trying to get in the plane. This could have been a fatal mistake. The hatchet is now his only tool and he realizes that he has taken it for granted. Water: Water in these chapters represents confusion. Brian is not able to see his hatchet because of the murky water. The water is the opposite of purity. This could be caused by the dead pilot's body being in the water. Rite of Passage: Brian has everything he could ever need thanks to the survival pack. His mind, body, and food are fully developed. It is ironic that he is rescued right after he gets his new tools. He never gets to enjoy them. Radio: Brian thought that the radio was broken because it didn't respond when he turned it on. Brian left it on anyway. It is ironic that he has been trying to get rescued throughout the entire book, and when he doesn't try, he gets rescued. Discussion Questions! • How would you feel if you found the survival pack and got rescued immediately after(without enjoying its luxuries)? •Compare Brian's rite of Passage with one from your independent reading book. How is Hatchet similar to your independent reading book? Theme The main theme of the book was CHANGE. Nature changed as well as the characters in the book. Brian changed the most. Brian didn't appreciate his life, but he changed. He learned to appreciate the things that God gives us. The author, Gary Paulsen, was trying to tell readers to not take things for granted like Brian did. VS. Man VS. Nature The majority of Brian's conflicts are Man vs. Nature. The only conflicts that aren't are between Brian and nature are between Brian and himself (Man vs. Self), Brian and the plane (Man vs. Technology), and Brian and his parents (Man vs. Man.) RITE OF PASSAGE Brian doesn't appreciate his life. His life and food are like that of a normal kid. Brian lives a normal city life. Brian survives a plane crash and has nothing. He eats berries, and sleeps on the beach. Brian is scared and injured from the crash. Brian lives in a cave and finds raspberries. He is getting healthier and thinner. Brian eats fish and has a spear as well as his hatchet. He is fit and happy. Brian eats foolbirds, rabbits, fish, berries, and eggs. He has a bow and a door for his cave. Brian is still healthy, and he is enjoying himself. Brian was healthy but is now injured and depressed because of the moose and other incidents. Brian is happy again, but all of his things are destroyed because of the tornado. He eats berries and his emergency supply of eggs. Brian tries to rebuild his tools. He builds a raft. He is healthy again. Brian gets the survival pack and has all the tools and food he could want. He is healthy and excited. Brian is rescued and goes back to his regular life but with a new perspective. Summary:
•When Brian was rescued, he had been at the beach for fifty-four days.
•"Brian had gained immensely in his ability to observe what was happening and react to it; that would last him all his life" (179.)
•He loved all food and was always in awe by how much grocery stores had.
•The gut-cherries that Brian ate were actually choke cherries. The turtle eggs came from snapping turtles. The foolbirds were ruffled grouse. The fish Brian ate were bluegills, perch, and sunfish. "The moose was a moose" (179.)
•Brian always dreamed about the beach and his cave. He actually missed being there.
•If he was rescued a month later, he probably wouldn't have survived because of the harsh winter.
•Brian never told his dad about his mother's boyfriend. The End About the Author Gary Paulsen •Born on May 17, 1939 in Minneapolis, MN
•Went to Bemidji University
•Married Ruth Wright
•Has won three Newbery Honor awards
•Began writing in the 1960s
•Has had MANY(10+) jobs including a sailor and a sergeant in the US Army
• Has written 175 books and 200 articles (Children's fiction) Canadian Woods