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Transcript of The Wall
Literary Movement – Background
Spanish civil war
The Plot Shape
Characters - round
“I” - narrator
Why do you think we picked this particular part to act out?
Do you think there is any epiphany in the story?
Do you think there is any moral message in the story?
Who or what do you believe is the antagonist?
External - Death sentenced
Internal – Does not understand death
Internal – Tell on Ramon Gris or not and
why does he not want to tell on him?
Literary Movement - Existentialism
Existence precedes essence
Finding the meaning of life
Art at this time
Picasso – Guernica
Move away from Impressionism
Questioning the reality
Opposite reaction of
Guards, officers (falangistas)
Characters - flat
Indifferent with life and death
Want to understand something
“I glanced at the kid, I saw his thin sobbing shoulders and I felt inhuman: I could pity neither the others nor myself”
- Pablo Ibbieta
“He wore death on his face”
“I thought how he ´d never be young again, even if they were to let him go”
“For a second he looked at us with horror,
t have suddenly understood that we were not men like him”
1st Person narrative with a stream-of-consciousness
Pablo's individual perception and opinions
Central to his philosophy, Existentialism
Take responsibility of your own actions
Author writing style
Long sentence structure
Metaphor / Simile
“I think he was about
as smart as a log”
Setting and time
Spanish civil war (1936-1939)
During the night starting around 8 o’clock before the execution
I the midst of winter
Hospital cellar / terrifying cold
A bench, four mats, oil lamp, pile of coal
Small room on the first floor
21st June 1905
Attracted to philosophy in 1920
1924-1929 attended 'Ecole Normale Superieure'
Simone de Beauvoir
(1908-1986) Popular writer and feminist
Graduated with doctorate in philosophy in 1929
Served in the French Army, 1929-1931
Taught philosophy at Lycee in Le Havre
Received a grant at the French Institute in Berlin in 1933
1939- Drafted into the french army
1940 - Captured by German troops
1941 - Released due to poor health
Establishment of "Modern Times"
Writing full time
Continued political activist
1948- Prohibited books
1950's & 1960's
Increased political activity in 50's & 60's
Stood against French rule in Algeria
Opposed the Vietnam War
Involved in strikes in Paris
1968 - Lost faith in French Communist Party
Nobel Prize for Literature declined
1970's & 1980's
1970 - Deterioration of health
Biography of French author Gustave Flaubert
'Critique of Dialectical Reason' Vol. 2
15th April 1980 - Died from Pulmonary edema
Existentialism in literature
Authors are masks behind their characters
Gray, depressing and absurd