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The Wall

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by

Ellen Hagen

on 31 May 2014

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Transcript of The Wall

The Wall
Literary Movement – Background

Spanish civil war

Individual existence

The Plot Shape
Characters - round
Pablo Ibbieta
“I” - narrator
Protagonist
Questions
Why do you think we picked this particular part to act out?

Do you think there is any epiphany in the story?

Do you think there is any moral message in the story?

Who or what do you believe is the antagonist?


The Conflicts
Primary
External - Death sentenced
Secondary
Internal – Does not understand death
Internal – Tell on Ramon Gris or not and
why does he not want to tell on him?


Kristian Augustsson,
Niramol Gaehwiler
Ellen Hagen
Maria Konzolo
Gabriella Linden
Maja Sporrong

Literary Movement - Existentialism
Existence precedes essence

Freedom

Choice

Finding the meaning of life
Art at this time
Picasso – Guernica

Move away from Impressionism

Questioning the reality
Juan
“The kid”
Opposite reaction of
protagonist

Tom
Friend
Round character
The Doctor
Ramon Gris
Guards, officers (falangistas)
Characters - flat
Character development
Epiphany
Indifferent with life and death
Alienate himself
Want to understand something
Keeps loyal

“I glanced at the kid, I saw his thin sobbing shoulders and I felt inhuman: I could pity neither the others nor myself”
- Pablo Ibbieta
Character development
Tom
“He wore death on his face”

Juan
“I thought how he ´d never be young again, even if they were to let him go”
The doctor
“For a second he looked at us with horror,
he mus
t have suddenly understood that we were not men like him”

Symbols
The Wall

The Cell

Doctor
Point-of-view
1st Person narrative with a stream-of-consciousness

Pablo's individual perception and opinions

Themes
Central to his philosophy, Existentialism

Death

Take responsibility of your own actions

Eternal Perspective
Author writing style
Long sentence structure
Descriptive
Phrase
Metaphor / Simile
“I think he was about
as smart as a log”
Dialogue
Setting and time
Spanish civil war (1936-1939)
During the night starting around 8 o’clock before the execution
I the midst of winter
Hospital cellar / terrifying cold
A bench, four mats, oil lamp, pile of coal
Small room on the first floor
Laundry room

Irony
Situational Irony
BORN
21st June 1905
Jean-Baptiste Sartre
Anne-Marie
Schweitzer
Charles Schweitzer
1920's
Attracted to philosophy in 1920
1924-1929 attended 'Ecole Normale Superieure'
Simone de Beauvoir
(1908-1986) Popular writer and feminist
Graduated with doctorate in philosophy in 1929
Served in the French Army, 1929-1931
1930's
Taught philosophy at Lycee in Le Havre
Received a grant at the French Institute in Berlin in 1933
Published works
1940's
1939- Drafted into the french army
1940 - Captured by German troops
1941 - Released due to poor health
POST WAR
Establishment of "Modern Times"
Writing full time
Continued political activist

1948- Prohibited books
1950's & 1960's
Increased political activity in 50's & 60's
Stood against French rule in Algeria
Opposed the Vietnam War
Involved in strikes in Paris
1968 - Lost faith in French Communist Party
Individualistic
Radical
Anarchist
Forever Outspoken

1964
Renounced Literature
Nobel Prize for Literature declined
1970's & 1980's
1970 - Deterioration of health
Unfinished Works:
Biography of French author Gustave Flaubert
'Critique of Dialectical Reason' Vol. 2
15th April 1980 - Died from Pulmonary edema
The Plot
Existentialism in literature

Existential crisis

Authors are masks behind their characters

Gray, depressing and absurd


Pablo
Full transcript