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The Influences of the Islamic Civilization on the Indian Civilization

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intan reza

on 14 April 2014

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Transcript of The Influences of the Islamic Civilization on the Indian Civilization

The Influences of Islamic Civilization on the Indian Civilization
Brief Overview of Islamic Civilization
- Started in the Arabian Peninsular by God's messenger, Nabi Mohammad

-Conquest throughout the Middle East

Overview of Indian Civilization
- Began with the Indus Valley Civilization

- Known as the Harappan civilization

- Big cities: Mahenjo-Daro, Lothal, Dholavira
The Meeting of Both Civilizations
-Islam entered into the land of the Indus river peacefully.

-13th century - Muslims gained political power

-1526 - expansion began at the end of the conquest of much of India by Babur (Timurid prince)

1857 - ended, as it was officially abolished by the British
Politics
- Spread of islam began with arab traders

- Parts of India were under Muslim rule for 5 centuries

- 1206 - Islamic political power was established in India for the first time by Kutb al-Din Aibak


The Mughal Empire
- Ruled most of India and Pakistan in 16th and 17th centuries

- Caste system was modified during Mughal Empire

- Highlight of Mughal Empire - Taj Mahal
Social
- Attracted many followers due to its simplicity and easy principles

- Transformed Indian society into well-knit society

- Came as a blessing to oppressed classes in India

Equality in Caste System

- Through Islam the lower castes (Sudras) self-esteem was raised within the society

Equality in Law


- Islam wiped out slavery

- Islam gave rights to all religions

Women's Rights
- Previously, women whose husbands had passed away had to burn themselves with
the dead body of their husband’s

- Women in were given rights to be treated as free and respected individuals



Education
Music
-The Hindustani Classical music had a strong Persian influence that were brought in by Mughal's and other rulers

- The Mughal Empire self-designated as Gurkani was an empire extending over large parts of the Indian subcontinent and ruled by a dynasty of Turkic-Mongol origin

Fine Arts and Literature
Indian Architecture
Contribution to the Modern World
- To understand the will of God and to lead one’s life according to it

- To inculcate Islamic values in oneself

- To cultivate cultured behavior in oneself.

- Education in India before Islam: Monopolized by the Brahmins

- Excluded lower classes of society from education – superiority

- Muslim rulers from the early period took interest in the advancement of education


Education according to Islam
Main institutions for teaching and learning :
- Maktabs (office) and madrasahs (school)

- Mosques and khanqahs (Sufi centers)

- Private houses

- Almost every mosque served as an elementary school.

Fine arts and literature
-The Mughal emperor Humayun brought painters practicing miniatures from Persia when he returned from his exile in mid 1500s

-The best example of Islamic Fine arts is the school of Miniature Painting known as Mughal painting

-The style subsequently developed over the following decades and centuries and also spawned many regional varieties of miniatures

Islam inventions that shaped the modern world

- Muslim scholars furthered investigations in fields of math, science and medicine - translated and studied Greek, Persian and Indian texts

- Al-Jahiz: theories about the evolution of animals

- Astronomy: prayer times

- Irrigation and Underground Wells: dams and aqueducts

- Architecture: Mosque

- Islam recognized cross-caste marriages
- Sultans and ministers wanted to build mosques and palaces in their home countries

- First mosque was built in Dehli
Quwwat al- Islam
building started to collapse

16th & 17th Century of Mughal Era
-Tomb of Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India.

- First garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent to use red
sandstone
Shah Jahan
References
Kadi, W. (2010). The “Golden Age” of Islam. Retrieved from
http://teachmiddleeast.lib.uchicago.edu/foundations/golden-age-islam/essay/essay 01.html
Sakai Intermediate School. (2008). Overview of Indus valley civilization. Retrieved from
http://moodle.bisd303.org/mod/book/view.php?id=9441
MuslimsToday. (2013). How Islam spread in India. Retrieved from
http://islam.ru/en/content/story/how-islam-spread-india
Pearson Education. (2010). Chapter 7: Abbasid decline and the spread of Islamic civilization to south and southeast Asia. Retrieved from
http://wps.ablongman.com/long_stearns_wcap_4/18/4647/1189757.cw/
Chapter 8: The legacy of Muslim rule in India. Retrieved from
http://www.voiceofdharma.com/books/tlmr/ch8.htm
BBC. (2009). Mughal empire (1500s, 1600s). Retrieved from
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/history/mughalempire_1.shtml
Hussin, M. (2011). The formation of the Islamic government and its contributions. Retrieved from http://www.miraahussin.com/2011/10/bab-6-pembentukkan-kerajaan-islam dan_7352.html
The Islamic civilization. (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://www.freewebs.com/badli/Uniten/Bahan%20Ngajar/ISLF101/ISLB_Tamadun 20Islam.pdf
Islamic scientific contributions to civilization. (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/activity/rosen_islamic_science/
Islamic Facts. (n.d.). Contributions of Muslims to world civilization. Retrieved from
https://sites.google.com/site/theislamicfacts/home/contributions-of-muslims-to-world civilization
Sterns, O. (2010, January 29). Muslim inventions that shaped the modern world. Cable News Network (CNN). Retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/meast/01/29/muslim.inventions/







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