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The Influences of the Islamic Civilization on the Indian Civilization

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intan reza

on 14 April 2014

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Transcript of The Influences of the Islamic Civilization on the Indian Civilization

The Influences of Islamic Civilization on the Indian Civilization
Brief Overview of Islamic Civilization
- Started in the Arabian Peninsular by God's messenger, Nabi Mohammad

-Conquest throughout the Middle East

Overview of Indian Civilization
- Began with the Indus Valley Civilization

- Known as the Harappan civilization

- Big cities: Mahenjo-Daro, Lothal, Dholavira
The Meeting of Both Civilizations
-Islam entered into the land of the Indus river peacefully.

-13th century - Muslims gained political power

-1526 - expansion began at the end of the conquest of much of India by Babur (Timurid prince)

1857 - ended, as it was officially abolished by the British
- Spread of islam began with arab traders

- Parts of India were under Muslim rule for 5 centuries

- 1206 - Islamic political power was established in India for the first time by Kutb al-Din Aibak

The Mughal Empire
- Ruled most of India and Pakistan in 16th and 17th centuries

- Caste system was modified during Mughal Empire

- Highlight of Mughal Empire - Taj Mahal
- Attracted many followers due to its simplicity and easy principles

- Transformed Indian society into well-knit society

- Came as a blessing to oppressed classes in India

Equality in Caste System

- Through Islam the lower castes (Sudras) self-esteem was raised within the society

Equality in Law

- Islam wiped out slavery

- Islam gave rights to all religions

Women's Rights
- Previously, women whose husbands had passed away had to burn themselves with
the dead body of their husband’s

- Women in were given rights to be treated as free and respected individuals

-The Hindustani Classical music had a strong Persian influence that were brought in by Mughal's and other rulers

- The Mughal Empire self-designated as Gurkani was an empire extending over large parts of the Indian subcontinent and ruled by a dynasty of Turkic-Mongol origin

Fine Arts and Literature
Indian Architecture
Contribution to the Modern World
- To understand the will of God and to lead one’s life according to it

- To inculcate Islamic values in oneself

- To cultivate cultured behavior in oneself.

- Education in India before Islam: Monopolized by the Brahmins

- Excluded lower classes of society from education – superiority

- Muslim rulers from the early period took interest in the advancement of education

Education according to Islam
Main institutions for teaching and learning :
- Maktabs (office) and madrasahs (school)

- Mosques and khanqahs (Sufi centers)

- Private houses

- Almost every mosque served as an elementary school.

Fine arts and literature
-The Mughal emperor Humayun brought painters practicing miniatures from Persia when he returned from his exile in mid 1500s

-The best example of Islamic Fine arts is the school of Miniature Painting known as Mughal painting

-The style subsequently developed over the following decades and centuries and also spawned many regional varieties of miniatures

Islam inventions that shaped the modern world

- Muslim scholars furthered investigations in fields of math, science and medicine - translated and studied Greek, Persian and Indian texts

- Al-Jahiz: theories about the evolution of animals

- Astronomy: prayer times

- Irrigation and Underground Wells: dams and aqueducts

- Architecture: Mosque

- Islam recognized cross-caste marriages
- Sultans and ministers wanted to build mosques and palaces in their home countries

- First mosque was built in Dehli
Quwwat al- Islam
building started to collapse

16th & 17th Century of Mughal Era
-Tomb of Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India.

- First garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent to use red
Shah Jahan
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http://teachmiddleeast.lib.uchicago.edu/foundations/golden-age-islam/essay/essay 01.html
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MuslimsToday. (2013). How Islam spread in India. Retrieved from
Pearson Education. (2010). Chapter 7: Abbasid decline and the spread of Islamic civilization to south and southeast Asia. Retrieved from
Chapter 8: The legacy of Muslim rule in India. Retrieved from
BBC. (2009). Mughal empire (1500s, 1600s). Retrieved from
Hussin, M. (2011). The formation of the Islamic government and its contributions. Retrieved from http://www.miraahussin.com/2011/10/bab-6-pembentukkan-kerajaan-islam dan_7352.html
The Islamic civilization. (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://www.freewebs.com/badli/Uniten/Bahan%20Ngajar/ISLF101/ISLB_Tamadun 20Islam.pdf
Islamic scientific contributions to civilization. (n.d.). Retrieved from
Islamic Facts. (n.d.). Contributions of Muslims to world civilization. Retrieved from
https://sites.google.com/site/theislamicfacts/home/contributions-of-muslims-to-world civilization
Sterns, O. (2010, January 29). Muslim inventions that shaped the modern world. Cable News Network (CNN). Retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/meast/01/29/muslim.inventions/

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