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Transcript of English IOP
"Joy" Title Movement Stanza Orientation Structure The Two Trees symbolize inner beauty and outer beauty The first stanza refers to the first tree- the tree of inner beauty
This tree is glorified by Yeats Progression throughout first stanza
Tree full of life, relating to glorification of inner beauty
•The first line of each stanza is also repeated as the last line of each stanza Diction Repetition "Bitter Glass" "Ravens" "demons" Stanza Orientation Movement Structure Progression into death
"blackened trees", "broken branches" BELOVED, gaze in thine own heart,
The holy tree is growing there;
From joy the holy branches start
And all the trembling flowers they bear.
The changing colours of its fruit
Have dowered the stars with merry light;
The surety of its hidden root
Has planted quiet in the night;
The shaking of its leafy head
Has given the waves their melody,
And made my lips and music wed,
Murmuring a wizard song for thee.
There the Loves a circle go,
The flaming circle of our days,
Gyring, spiring to and fro
In those great ignorant leafy ways;
Remembering all that shaken hair
And how the wingèd sandals dart,
Thine eyes grow full of tender care:
Beloved, gaze in thine own heart. Gaze no more in the bitter glass
The demons, with their subtle guile,
Lift up before us when they pass,
Or only gaze a little while;
For there a fatal image grows
That the stormy night receives,
Roots half hidden under snows,
Broken boughs and blackened leaves.
For all things turn to barrenness
In the dim glass the demons hold,
The glass of outer weariness,
Made when God slept in times of old.
There, through the broken branches, go
The ravens of unresting thought;
Flying, crying, to and fro,
Cruel claw and hungry throat,
Or else they stand and sniff the wind,
And shake their ragged wings; alas!
Thy tender eyes grow all unkind:
Gaze no more in the bitter glass. Context
William Butler Yeats was an Anglo-Irishman born and brought up in Ireland in the late 1800s
He was raised a Protestant
Inner beauty took greater precedence over outer beauty Purpose
The purpose of the poem is to extol the idea of inner beauty, and comparatively revere it over the idea of outer beauty.
Inner beauty- Character
Outer beauty- physical appearance
Accomplished through the use of structure, imagery and allusion Inner beauty Outer Beauty The second stanza refers to the second tree- outer beauty
This tree is condemned by Yeats Before the world was made
If I make the lashes dark And the eyes more bright And the lips more scarlet, Or ask if all be right From mirror after mirror, No vanity's displayed: I'm looking for the face I had Before the world was made.
Glorifies inner persona
Condemns external appearance Beauty is only skin deep