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Justinian's Code

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by

Isabel Zagazeta

on 15 September 2014

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Transcript of Justinian's Code

Reasons for the Code
Emperor Justinian
Criminal Justice
Origin of Justinian's Code
Discussion Questions
Significance
Slavery
Marriage
The Justinian's Code
Justinian was the emperor of the Byzantine empire(Rome) from 529 AD - 565 AD
He and his committee of scholars complied ancient Roman laws into written document
They edited and clarified the most important laws while removing obsolete and contradictory
The codification covered: criminal justice, marriage, property and slavery


Origin of the Code

At the time, different Roman empires had separate laws
Emperor Justinian wanted all Roman citizens to be treated equal in society
None of the Roman laws were previously recorded before Justinian's rule
Emperor Justinian removed obsolete and contradictory laws when creating the code


Reason's for Justinian's Code
Marriage
Justinian's Code
Emperor Justinian and his committee complied past Roman laws, the opinions of former Roman jurists and new laws into a compilation of four books.



Emperor Justinian
Justinian's Code
Roman citizens can be bound in matrimony if they meet set considerations.

The male has reached full puberty
The female has reached a marriageable age (12 years)
The couples get consent from parents and/or guardians
Marriage between certain classes or persons is forbidden; e.g grandfather and granddaughter, mother and son, slave and owner, etc.
A man can not have two wives at a time and vice versa

Justinian's Code
Criminal Justice
Assault and battery
Defined as: anything done without just cause
Can be physical, emotional or physiological (e.g. verbal abuse)
Amount of money awarded to the victim of injury depends on the class
A person who inflicts injury has two options: financial payment or incarceration


Robbery
defined as: taking personal property by using force or secrecy
Penalty for robbery is three times the value of the property
However, if by accident a man takes another mans property the charges are revoked and he cannot be convicted

The four books are:
I. Codex constitution
II.Digesta
III.Institutions
IV.Novella constitutions past codium
Justinian's Code
Slavery
A free man is not administered to force of law
A slave is subjected to the dominion of another person
A person can be born a slave or can become one.
A free man over the age of 20 can sell himself into slavery and receive half the purchase money
A person is free from slavery if they are the offspring of free married parents, their mother is free but their father is a slave or if the mother is free of slavery at conception
A man can be release from legal slavery in a holy church in a letter, testament or another expression of mans will in front of his companions .
Significance of the Code
The code was used as a foundation modern day laws
The written documentation of the laws allow the Roman citizens to be under one common law
Emperor Justinian was made a significant ruler in Roman history
The laws in the code were used for the next 900 years
Emperor Justinian's biography
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Discussion Questions
If the Canadian government announced that the Justinian's code was our new laws, how do you think society would react? What are the benefits and disadvantages of the new laws put in place?

Which law do you think would be the most controversial if it were to be implemented in society's court systems?
Do you think Justinian's code was advanced for it's time?
What similarities does the Justinian's code have to modern day Canadian law?
What do you think would have happened if the Justinian's had never been created?
Full transcript