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devlopment of political parties

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daniel Mac

on 24 December 2012

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Transcript of devlopment of political parties

A Political Party is a group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office to secure the adoption of certain public policies and programs. Development of Democratic Party Development of Republican Party What is a Political Party? Modern Day Republicans A Divided Nation 1789 - 1797
George Washington
(Independent) Presidential Timeline Modern Day Democrats Democrats are generally more liberal, They believe in a larger federal government, and often implement tax plans to try to help the less privileged.
They tend to believe the government must look for the more popular decision for more equallity.
They assert that the values of our country must evolve over time and therefore, tend to support such controversial choices as Pro Choice and gay marriage. Separation of the Political Parties In todays age Republicans are generally more conservative. They believe that the answers do not lay with the government generally, but rather with the people.
They want less government interference and tend to believe more strongly in property rights and less strongly in well-fare rights, favoting economic equity.
Many republicans are religious and tend to hold to the morals characterizing the Founding Fathers, which results in general disapproval of Morally challenging issues. The Founding Fathers Development of Political Parties The Era of Republicans 1789 - 1809 1797-1801
John Adams
(Federalist) 1801-1809
(Democratic Republican) 1st 2nd 3rd 1861-1865
Abraham Lincoln
(Republican) 16th 1861 - 1867 1865-1869
Andrew Johnson
(Democratic) 17th 1869–1877
Ulysses S. Grant
(Republican) 18th 1909–1913
William Howard Taft
(Republican) 1901 - 1923 1901–1909
Theodore Roosevelt
(Republican) 1913-1921
Woodrow Wilson
(Democratic) 26th 27th 28th 29th 1921-1923
Warren G. Harding
(Republican) 1981-1989
Ronald Reagan
(Republican) 1989-1993
George H. W. Bush
(Rpublican) 44th 43rd 42nd 41st 40th 1993-2001
William J. Clinton
(Democratic) (2009-Current)
Barack Obama
(Democratic) 2001-2009
George W. Bush
(Republican) 1981 - Current The party was built by Martin Van Buren who rallied politicians in every state behind war hero Andrew Jackson of Tennessee.
It dominated American politics during the Second Party System, from 1832 to the mid-1850s.
With such leaders as presidents Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren, James K. Polk, and Senator Stephen Douglas, who usually bested the opposition Whig Party by narrow margins. The Era of Democrats Each party strives to control the White House From 1860 to 1932, the Republican Party was dominant in presidential politics, as the Democrats elected only two presidents in 72 years, Grover Cleveland (in 1884 and 1892), and Woodrow Wilson (in 1912 and 1916).
The only other Democratic president to serve during this time was Andrew Johnson, who as Vice President was elevated to the presidency after Abraham Lincoln's assassination in 1865, but was never elected as president.
Over the same period, the Democrats proved more competitive with the Republicans in Congressional politics, enjoying the House. CENTER RIGHT LEFT Radical Liberal Moderate Conservative Reactionary Favors extreme change to create an altered or entirely new social system. Believes that Government must take action to change economic, political, and ideological policies thought to be unfair.
Holds beliefs that fall between liberal and conservative views, usually including some of each.
Seeks to keep in place the economic, and social structures of society. Favors extreme change to restore society to an earlier, more conservative state of affairs.
Over the years of American History There has been 1 Independent President, 1 Federalist President, 4 Whig Presidents, 4 Democratic Republicans, 15 Democratic Presidents, and 19 Republican Presidents. Political parties did not exist in 1789. The founding fathers despised the idea of political associations, formed in such a way one group of citizens would fight against another. They believed that this rivalry would divide the nation, in which having the political parties would become more important than the Nation it self. Romney vs. Obama Why are the Republican Elephants? Why are the Democrats Donkeys? Thomas Nast was a German born American cartoonist, who is known as the Father of the American Cartoon. Thomas drew an anti war cartoon for Harper's Weekly in 1874, that featured a donkey kicking a dead lion, which later became the symbol for the democratic party. Thomas Nast also drew another political cartoon that again appeared in, Harper's Weekly. The cartoon featured a donkey clothed in lion's skin, scaring away all the animals in a zoo. One of those animals, the elephant, was labeled “The Republican Vote.” Thus having the elephant become the symbol of the Republican Party. Political competition and cooperation along the lines of policy and disagreement quickly came to be featured not through the branches of government but rather through an institution the Framers could imagine in which they despised, know as political parties. Parties quickly came to serve as the primary organizational vehicle for mobilizing, motivating, and defining the terms of democratic political competition, creating alliances among officeholders that cut across the boundaries between the branches and undermined assumptions of branch based competition. Martin Van Buren The United States Republican Party is the second oldest currently existing political party in the United States after its great rival, the Democratic Party.
It emerged in 1854 to combat the Kansas Nebraska Act which threatened to extend slavery into the territories, and to promote more vigorous modernization of the economy.
It had almost no presence in the South, but in the North it enlisted former Whigs and former Free Soil Democrats to form majorities, by 1858, in nearly every Northern state.
With the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 and its success in guiding the Union to victory and abolishing slavery, it came to dominate the national scene until 1932.
Republicans suffered their worst set back of the era in 1912, when they renominated incumbent president Theodore Roosevelt, denied the nomination of his party, left the republicans to become the candidate of his “bull Moose” Party.
The Republican Party was based on northern white Protestants, businessmen, professionals, factory workers, farmers, and African-Americans.
It was pro-business, supporting banks, the gold standard, railroads, and tariffs to protect industrial workers and industry. Abraham Lincoln The many Parties and presidents of America left their mark and legacy at the white house. Each President affiliated with their own party affected the growth of this country in both good and bad ways, but the people of this nation become greater throughout time and America is still the strongest Nation in the World.
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