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British Literature ~ The Medieval Period II
Transcript of British Literature ~ The Medieval Period II
Who Were the Main Authors?
Caedmon (657 - 680)
- first-known English poet
- "The Dream of the Holy Rood"
Thomas Aquinas (1227 - 1274)
- "Compendium of Theology"
Geoffrey Chaucer (1343 - 1400)
- 'Father of English Literature'
-The Canterbury Tales
Sir Thomas Mallory (1405 - 1471)
- Le Morte D’Arthur
John Gower (1330 - 1408)
- Confessio Amantis
William Longland (1332 - 1386)
- The Vision of Piers Plowman
What was the Impact of the Medieval Period on British Literature?
French and classical influences
The late 11th century French invasion of England blended French and Anglo-Saxon language and culture
A new English language began to spread in both oral and written literature
Medieval literature was written in English for the first time
Literature was open to many social classes
Stories centered on legends, classical myths, saints, and chivalry
Enormous religious impact
Different types of medieval literature:
What Were Well-Known Literary Works During this Time?
- the oldest British epic to date that follows the life of a 6th century Scandinavian warrior
La Chanson de Roland
- a national French epic that tells the story of Charlemagne's defeat in the Pyrenees in 1778
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
- tells the story of King Arthur's knight who accepts a challenge that threatens his honor
Le Morte D'Arthur
- a famous epic about King Arthur, Queen Guinevere, and the Knights of the Round Table
What Were Some Famous Styles and Works of Art?
Religious art increased during the Middle Ages and was often represented through many different types of art.
Styles of Art-Illuminated Manuscripts, Metalwork, Silversmiths and Goldsmiths, Paintings, Fresco, Panel Painting, Embroidery, Ceramics, Mosaics, Tessara, Sculptures, Stained Glass, and Heraldry.
Famous Artists- Donatello, Giotto di Bondone, Leon Battista Alberti, Cimabue, Fra Angelico, and Lorenzo Ghiberti.
"The word 'medieval' has negative connotations. It is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as meaning 'of the Middle Ages' but also as 'old fashioned'. According to the Urban Dictionary, 'Get medieval' as used in Quentin Tarantino's film Pulp Fiction, means 'to physically torture or injure someone by means of archaic methods
~Positively Medieval ~ Article
~ Medieval Art and Literature ~
Medieval Literature Video
The Famous Donatello
~The Middle Ages had a lot more to it~
Middle Ages Video
~ Everything Medieval ~
Types of Art & Famous Artists
The Virgin and Child with Saints and Allegorical Figures- Giotto
St. George and the Dragon-Donatello
Mosaic in Pisa Cathedral- Cimbaue
Gates of Paradise- Lorenzo Ghiberti
Main Themes in Medieval British Literature
Leon Battista Alberti
Hidegard of Bingen
Origin of the Art
"The Annunciation." ArtBible.info. Art and the Bible, 2013. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
Bramblett, Reid. "Il Cattedrale." The Duomo of Pisa. Reid Bramblett, 2013. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
Burnley, David. "Writers from the Middle English Period." Writers from the Middle English Period. Longman London, 2000. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
Cooper, Stephen. "Positively Medieval." History Today 63.5 (2013): 36-37. Academic Search Premier. Web. 5 Sept. 2013.
"Donatello." Donatello. Middle-ages.org, n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013.
Fletcher, Robert Huntington. "A History of English Literature." About.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Sept.2013.
Gardner, and Marshall. "Medieval Literature vs. Renaissance Literature." Advanced English @ EAWR.N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Sept. 2013.
"Heraldry." Heraldry. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
"History of English Literature." Angelfire. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Sept. 2013.
"Il Duomo BaptistryFlorence, Firenze, Italy." Large Florence Pictures, Il Duomo Baptistry, Italy Travel Photos. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
"Illumanted Manuscripts." Web log post. WordPress.com Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Sept. 2013.
"Illuminate Manuscripts." Va312aslifiliss Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
Introduction: Flowering of the Gothic in Vol.4 No.2 of Athena Review. Vol. 4. N.p.: n.p., n.d. 17-20. Print.
"Investigation of Lime Mortar/Tesserae Adhesion in Medieval Mosaics from the Basilica Di San Marco." Young Persons' Lecture Competition. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
Keene, Bryan. "Everyone's Talking about Giotto." The Getty Iris. J. Paul Getty Trust, n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
Krén, Emil, and Daniel Marx. "St George and the Dragon by DONATELLO." St George and the Dragon by DONATELLO. Web Gallery of Art,, n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
Luminarium. "Anthology of Middle English Literature (1350-1485)." Anthology of Middle English Literature. Luminarium, 1996. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
"Malatestatemple.htm." Malatestatemple.htm. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
"Medieval Life and Times." Medieval Life and Times. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013.
Medieval Stained Glass Science. N.d. PBS. By Susan K. Lewis. NOVA. Web. 4 Sept. 2013.
The Middle Ages: Introduction. "The Norton Anthology of English Literature." Norton Topics Online. Norton and Company, 2010. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
Mititelu, Ina. "History of British Literature From Origins to the Age of Reason." 2010. PDF file.
Ohio State University. "Middle Ages: Books and Literature." EHistory.com: Middle Ages: Books and Literature. EHistory.com, 2013. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
"Periods: Medieval." Medieval Period. UMass, n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013.
"Renaissance Art." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013.
Snell, Melissa. "Donatello." About.com Medieval History. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013.
Uomo Cane Mosaico Tessera. N.d. - Cepolina Foto. 2013. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
"Video:Overview of Medieval Literature." About.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013.
"Video:Overview of The Middle Ages." About.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013.
Washington University in St.Louis. "Medieval Literature." Medieval Literature. Department of English, 2012. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
"WFA Werner Forman Archive." WFA Werner Forman Archive. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.