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The Harlem Renaissance

Unit 2: Poetic Movements: The Harlem Renaissance

Simrat Sandhu

on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of The Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance What is the Harlem Renaissance? The Harlem Renaissance refers to the "rebirth" of African American intellectual life during the 1920s and 1930s. Although it is hard to determine when exactly the Harlem Renaissance started, many historians believe it began in 1919 and ended in the early or mid 1930s. What caused the Harlem Renaissance? During the time period in which the renaissance took place, industrialization was causing people to flock to cities from rural areas and gave rise to a new mass culture. Contributing Factors The Great Migration of African Americans to northern cities. The First World War, which created new industrial work for thousands of people. What happened during the Harlem Renaissance? Jazz music flourished during the 1920s. This genre grew during the 1920s, and eventually gained national and worldwide recognition. Popular nightclubs that played Jazz music include... The Savory Ballroom The Apollo Theatre And, the Cotton Club In 1917, Hubert Harrison founded the Liberty League and The Voice, the first organization and the first newspaper of the "New Negro Movement". Harrison's organization and newspaper were political, but also emphasized the arts. His newspaper had "Poetry for the People" and book reviews. The Apollo Theatre, symbol of the Harlem Renaissance The most lasting physical legacy of the Harlem Renaissance is the Apollo Theatre. As one of the most famous clubs for popular music in the United States, it was the first place where many figures from the Harlem Renaissance found a start to their talents and careers. The careers of Billie Holiday, Ella Fitzgerald, and Sarah Vaughan (among many others)
were launched at the Apollo. Impacts The Harlem Renaissance redefined how America, and the world, viewed the African-American population. The migration of southern Blacks to the north changed the image of the African-American to one of urban, urbane sophistication. This new identity led to a greater social consciousness, and African-Americans became players on the world stage. Notable Figures Langston Hughes, novelist and poet. Roland Hayes, singer and song writer. Hubert Harrison, founder of the Liberty League and The Voice (Newspaper) Literary Figures Langston Hughes believed that blacks should create their own distinctive art and should fight "the urge within the race toward whiteness." The Negro Artist
and the
Racial Mountain (1926) Countee Cullen was criticized for using traditional "white" forms of poetry rather than embracing the popular black style of writing. Zora Neale Hurston Was not well-known during her life time but influenced modern-day black writers such as Maya Angelou & Toni Morrison
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