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Basic Communication Skills
Transcript of Basic Communication Skills
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What do I expect from
Defining what counseling is
is a short-term, theory-based, non-directive, non-judgmental process.
During this process, a person (client) who is basically facing adjustment or situational problems is empowered to gain awareness of him/herself and of his/her situation and to make decisions through the support and assistance offered by another person (counselor) through their relationship.
Handling child sexual abuse cases is demanding.
This is a fact.
The process involved is complex and it requires direct service providers three levels:
Practically - it requires you to collaborate with a variety of professionals and clients in your efforts to do what is best for the child
Emotionally - it challenges you to remain objectives amidst a highly charged case
Intellectually - it demands that you understand the impacts of abuse on the child and family and sources of the problem;
The role of the direct service provider is crucial and important in helping victims of CSA cases.
It is important to be aware and deal with your own issues so they do not get in the way of helping children
Direct service providers who are burdened with personal issues can operate in the manner of counter-transference functions and can cause harm to children
Otherwise, you'll end up having
Counter-transference is when feelings of the counselor from the past or present unconsciously transfer to the client.
Handling sexual abuse cases is a demanding task
A process wherein a person is helped to help himself
what counseling is and
an awareness of personal values and readiness to conduct counseling
knowledge, attitude, skills and ethics (K.A.S.E) with regards to conducting counseling
basic paracounseling skills and strategies
Identify opportunities to
counseling skills learned
What is it like for a child to be abused?
No awareness about abuse
Attitude of people toward children
Being talked about
Nobody will believe
No one is listening
Inability to trust
..Why is it
for children to tell?
- A process wherein a person is helped to
What comes to your mind when you think of the word "
Counseling is defined as..
You need to have the
Child sexual abuse
Stages of development
of CSA victims
The RIGHT attitude!
Aware of bias
Aware of personal issues
How do you become an
Aware of biases
Aware of personal
Why did you want to work with the children?
What emotions are you not comfortable with?
What are your expectations from clients?
for the child...
This is what you should do…
Principles of Counseling
You are a sinful woman!
blame the victim…
I told you not to go out wearing such a short dress. You deserve what happened to you!
If you do that, you will regret it in the end!
What do you think?
Why should you feel angry? Kasalanan yan sa Diyos
Allen Ivey, 1988
Basic skills # 1
How do you make the other person feel
that you are really listening?
In active listening, you make a conscious effort to hear not only the words that another person is saying but, more importantly, try to understand the complete message being sent.
quarely face the client
pen your posture
elax and look calm
Basic skills # 2
Basic skills # 3
Client observation skills
Basic skills # 4
Allen Ivey, 1988
interrogate, preach or lecture…
Counseling skills required in
When do you refer for
Be real and know where your competence or assistance is no longer useful.
This may be:
*with a case of psychosis/ breakdown
*when you have a personal clash
*when you are closely related or are friends
*when you are not making any headway
*when you are attracted to the client
*if the person is suicidal
The objective of the abuser is
to get the child involved in
The objective of the abuser is to maintain control and maintain the child's continued participation and silence