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Conditionals

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by

Gianinna Schade

on 10 April 2015

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Transcript of Conditionals

Now you
Match the following sentences
Conditional sentences
Conditonal 2
Conditional 3
Type 3 conditional sentences, are truly hypothetical or unreal, because it is now too late for the condition or its result to exist. There is always an unspoken "but..." phrase:
Conditional 1
We use conditional sentences when we talk about a condition and its result
,
Conditon Result
if
Real situations
if+ present . future
If it rains, I will take my umbrella
I will take my umbrella if it rains
Unreal situations
if+ past , would + verb
If I was/were rich, I would buy a mansion
I would buy a mansion if I was/were rich
I will take mike to the party
If my mom got angry
I will study harder next time
I would create new laws
If I won the race
I would run away!
If the aliens came,


If I get a bad mark,


I would buy her flowers


I would invite my friends to a party

If I were the President,


If he says yes!.
if+ past perfect , would + present perfect
Example
If I
had worked
harder, I
would have passed
the exam
If I
had known
you were coming, I
would have baked
a cake
Conditional Sentences Type I refer to the future. An action in the future will only happen if a certain condition is fulfilled by that time. We don't know for sure whether the condition actually will be fulfilled or not, but the conditions seems rather realistic – so we think it is likely to happen.
Example: If I find her address, I’ll send her an invitation.

I want to send an invitation to a friend. I just have to find her address. I am quite sure, however, that I will find it.
Example: If John has the money, he will buy a Ferrari.

I know John very well and I know that he earns a lot of money and that he loves Ferraris. So I think it is very likely that sooner or later he will have the money to buy a Ferrari.
Function and use
Were instead of Was

In IF Clauses Type II, we usually use ‚were‘ – even if the pronoun is I, he, she or it –.

Example: If I
were
you, I
would not do
this.

Use
Conditional Sentences Type II refer to situations in the present. An action could happen if the present situation were different. I don't really expect the situation to change, however. I just imagine „what would happen if …“
Example:
If I
found
her address, I
would send
her an invitation.

I would like to send an invitation to a friend. I have looked everywhere for her address, but I cannot find it. So now I think it is rather unlikely that I will eventually find her address.

Example:
If John
had
the money, he
would buy
a Ferrari.

I know John very well and I know that he doesn't have much money, but he loves Ferraris. He would like to own a Ferrari (in his dreams). But I think it is very unlikely that he will have the money to buy one in the near future.
Example:
If I
had found
her address, I
would have sent
her an invitation.

Sometime in the past, I wanted to send an invitation to a friend. I didn't find her address, however. So in the end I didn't send her an invitation.
Use
Conditional Sentences Type III refer to situations in the past. An action could have happened in the past if a certain condition had been fulfilled. Things were different then, however. We just imagine, what would have happened if the situation had been fulfilled.
Example:

If John
had had
the money, he
would have bought
a Ferrari.

I knew John very well and I know that he never had much money, but he loved Ferraris. He would have loved to own a Ferrari, but he never had the money to buy one.
Exercises
If you (study) ________ for the test, you _______(pass) it.
If you (ask)______me, I ______________(help) you.
If we _________(go) to the cinema, we ___________(see) my friend Jacob.
If you ______________(speak) English, she_____________ (understand) .
If they ______________(listen) to me, we____________ (be) home earlier.
I _______________(write) you a postcard if I _______(have) your address.
If I ____________(not / break) my leg, I ________(take part) in the contest.
If it ________(not/ start) to rain, we __________(walk) to the museum.
We __________(swim) in the sea if there ___(not / be) so many sharks there.
If she ____________(take) the bus, she ___________(not / arrive) on time.
If you
had studied
for the test, you
would have passed
it.
If you
had asked
me, I
would have helped
you.
If we
had gone
to the cinema, we
would have seen
my friend Jacob.
If you
had spoken
English, she
would have understood.

If they
had listened
to me, we
would have been
home earlier.
I
would have written
you a postcard if I
had had
your address.
If
I had not broken
my leg, I
would have taken
part in the contest.
If
it had not started
to rain, we
would have walked
to the museum.
We
would have swum
in the sea if there
had not been
so many sharks there.
If
she had taken
the bus, she
would not have arrived
on time.
What would you do if ....
If you had superpowers?
If you had a time machine?
If you were your favorite artist?
If you were a millionaire?
If you were a scientist?
If I had superpowers , I would be able to fly and I would travel around the world
Example
Full transcript