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Industrial Revolution- Lesson Plan
Transcript of Industrial Revolution- Lesson Plan
Major change in ideas or practice Wealthy landowners enclosed their land with fences and hedges
Larger fields?? Improved farming methods One of the best developments of the scientific farmers
Year 1: Wheat
Year 2: Turnips
Year 3: Barley
Year 4: Clover
WHY?!?!? Breed only your best
Average weight of lambs went from 18 to 50 pounds from 1700-1786
Does this still happen today?!?!?! These improvements made up an agricultural revolution
Food Supplies Living Conditions
England's population mushroomed
Can we foresee any issues with the increase in population?
As wealthy landowners buy up family farms, where are the displaced workers going?? Vocabulary Industrial Revolution
Factors of Production
Entrepreneur You are a 15-year-old living in England where the Industrial Revolution has spurred the growth of thousands of factories. Cheap labor is in great demand. Like millions of other teenagers, you do not go to school. Instead you work in a factory six days a week, 14 hours a day. The small pay you receive is needed to help support your family. You trudge to work before dawn every day and work until after sundown. The dangerous machines injure your fellow workers. Minding the air is foul, and it is so dark it is hard to see. What would you do to change your situation?
What factory conditions concern you the most?
Would you attempt to change conditions in the factory?
Would you join a union, go to school, run away? Two Important Results of the Enclosure Movement... Landowners experimented with new agricultural methods
Large landowners forced small farmers to become tenant farmers or to give up farming and move to cities
Sowing of seeds by scattering it across the ground was wasteful
Seeds were failing to take root
Invention!! Seed Drill
Allowed farmers to sow seeds in well-spaced rows at specific depths
More of the seeds took root = crop yields boosted! Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England?? 1. Large population of workers 2. Extensive Natural Resources Industrialization needed those resources! Process of developing machine production of goods 1. Water power and coal to fuel the new machines
2. Iron ore to construct machines, tools, and buildings
3. Rivers for inland transportation
4. Harbors from which its merchant ships set sail 3. Economic Strength and Political Stability GB also had an expanding economy to support industrialization
Highly developed banking system
Bank loans encouraged people to invest in new machinery and expand their operations
Growing overseas trade, economic prosperity, and a climate of progress also contributed the increased demand for goods. Other factors that contributed to Britain's political stability... The many wars of the 1700's that GB took part in...none happened on British soil!
In a time of political and military success= Positive attitude!
Parliament had passed laws that protected business and helped expansion
Other countries had advantages too, but GB had all the factors of production: LAND, LABOR, and CAPITOL So WHY did the Industrial Revolution Happen??? 1. New technology in farming 2. New ideas: farming and livestock Examples: crop rotation and the enclosure system 3. Available work force Population boom + displaced peasants= migration to cities creating work force for factories Jethro Tull= Scientific Farmer Invention Spurs Technological Advances Inventions revolutionized industry
First industry to be industrialized? Major Inventions in the Textile Industry 1733= John Kay's Flying Shuttle
1764= James Hergreaves's Spinning Jenny
1769= Richard Arkwright's Water Frame
1779= Samuel Crompton's Spinning Mule
1787= Edmund Cartwright's Power Loom These machines were too big for the home....where could they put all of these machines??? F A C T O R I E S Improvements in Transportation James Watt= steam engine
Robert Fulton= steam boat
Locomotives How did railroads revolutionize life in Britain? 1. Cheap way to transport materials and finished products
2. Created new jobs
3. Boosted agriculture and fishing industries
4. Made travel easier= people moving from the country to the city and city dwellers to country resorts Explain the causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution with emphasis on:
a.How scientific and technological changes promoted industrialization in the textile industry in England;
b.The impact of the growth of population, rural-to-urban migrations, growth of industrial cities, and emigration out of Europe;
c.The changing role of labor and the rise of the union movement;
d.Changes in living and working conditions for the early industrial working class, especially women and children;
e.The growth of industrialization around the world.
Industrialization had social, political and economic effects on Western Europe and the world. Section 2: Industrialization The industrial revolution eventually led to a better quality of life for most people. Yet the change to machine production also caused immense human suffering. In Britain, the Industrial Revolution proved to be a mixed blessing Growth of Industrial Cities Rural Areas Cities
Urbanization: city building and the movement of people to cities
Factories built near natural resources (coal and water)
City that led this...? L O N D O N The country's most important city and Europe's largest city Living Conditions No Plans
No Sanitary Codes
No Building Codes Lacked adequate:
Police protection Working Conditions 14 hour work days, 6 days a week
Workers had to keep up with the machines
Dangers in the workplace:
Factories seldom well-lit or clean
Machines injured workers
No government program to provide aid in case of injury
Coal mines Growing Middle-Class New middle-class: merchants, shippers, and factory owners
In the past, landowners and aristocrats occupied the top position in British society. With wealth...they had the power
New middle-class grows wealthier than landowners and aristocrats
"vulgar" business world What about the poor workers? Saw their livelihoods disappear as machines replaced them
Smashed machines they thought were responsible
Mobs and riots over poor living and working conditions Positive Effects of Industrial Revolution Created Jobs Contributed Wealth to the Nation Fostered Technological progress and invention Raised the Standard of Living Provided Hope of Improvement in People's Lives Healthier diets Better Housing Cheaper Clothing Expanded Educational Opportunities Higher Wages Shorter hours B Facts to consider 1965: The Programma 101 was the first commercial "desktop computer", but today would usually be considered a printing programmable calculator.
In the 1970s: Hewlett Packard introduced fully BASIC programmable computers that fit entirely on top of a desk, including a keyboard, a small one-line display and printer.
1976: Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak sold the Apple I computer circuit board, which was fully prepared and contained about 30 chips.
2002: More than 500 million personal computers were in use and one billion personal computers had been sold worldwide from the mid-1970s up to this time. RESPOND TO THE QUESTION
If we define a revolution as a sudden and significant change, what evidence is there that we are in the middle of an Information-Technology Revolution? What is the Information Technology Revolution? Information Technology Revolution The development over the last 25 years of technologies specific to the making and sharing information.
Examples: Innovations in telecommunications and the invention and development of computers and the Internet. Industrial Revolution Question to consider: How does the Industrial Revolution help us to understand the Information Technology Revolution impacting our lives today? The world's first industry was the textile industry tex·tile /tekstīl/ NounAny type of cloth or woven fabric. THINK ABOUT IT!What kinds of things are made from woven cloth or fabric? What is the Industrial Revolution? The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes that occurred in the period from about 1760 to some time between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines and factories that held them. Vocabulary Laissez faire
Strike What were the effects of the Industrial Revolution? Geographic Effects 1. Urbanization
The movement of people to cities Economic Effects 1. Laissez faire policies result in no laws to restrict businesses. One result is that wealthy business owners set up their factories to maximize profits without regard for safety or the lives of the workers. Economic Effects 2. Factories become unsafe & unhealthy work places as entrepreneurs try to maximize profits
Examples: no health or safety laws, children and women exploited (lower wages & working conditions) Economic Effects 3. Laissez faire policies result in no laws to restrict businesses. One result is that wealthy business owners buy all their competitors and create monopolies. A monopoly means no competition. Think about it! What might some results be if one company was the only place where you could buy a specific product? Economic Effects 4. Labor Unions established THINK ABOUT IT! What workers' rights might have been won by labor unions? Political Effects 1. Utilitarianism: Idea that government should impose some restrictions on business to create a greatest good for the greatest number of people. Political Effects 2. Socialism
Idea that the people as a whole, rather than private individuals, should own the means of production (farms, factories, railroads, natural resources, and other sources of wealth in a nation) Karl Marx wrote The Communist Manifesto in 1848 predicting a class struggle in which proletariat would win and create a classless, "communist" society - the ideal end result of socialism. THINK ABOUT IT!What would you experience in a communist country today? Social Effects Social Effects Social Effects 1. Creation of a Working Class (proletariat) The unemployed and underemployed come to the cities for factory jobs and become a new social class - the proletariat - the industrial working class. Examples: miners, mill workers, machinery operators... 2. Creation of an Industrial Middle Class (bourgeoisie) In urban areas, factory managers join doctors, lawyers, and small business owners in the bourgeoisie (middle class). Workers aspire to join the industrial middle class through promotions. Think about it!
Is Toledo mostly proletariat, bourgeoisie, or a mixture? 3. The CLOCK becomes IMPORTANT. Factory work meant that people began to live their lives by the clock rather than by the rising and setting of the sun Think about it! Can you list 5+ places that require you to be somewhere at a certain time? Making Connections Why has the Industrial Revolution happened in different parts of the world at different times? Writing Assignment Write about an invention from your lifetime that has changed the way people live their lives
Don't just tell me what you know...SHOW me HOW you know!!!