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Social Structure of Mass Society

World History

Pamela Pfeffer

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of Social Structure of Mass Society

The Working Class *The working class made up 80% of the European population.
*As the 19th century progressed, women in the working class were able to find opportunities as white-collar workers.
*1870 brought better wages and cheaper prices which provided more opportunities for leisure.
*Strikes led to 10 hour work days and Saturday afternoons off. Review! 1. The European middle class shared a belief in
a. building socialism by evolutionary means
b. the violent overthrow of the bourgeoisie
c. hard work and conduct
d. women's right to work Chapter 13 Section 2 Social Structure of Mass Society The Middle Class *The middle class consisted of an upper and lower middle class.
*Upper: lawyers, doctors, engineers
*Lower: shopkeepers, traders
*They liked to preach values such as hard work, Christianity, and good etiquette.
*The preaching of Values led to books such as The Habits of Good Society. The New Elite *The Elite made up 5% of the population, but controlled 30-40% of the wealth.
*Marriage would unite two wealthy families.
*consisted of industrialists and bankers. Sharecroppers White-collar Women Jobs Upper Middle Class Lawyer Lower Middle Class Shopkeeper Elite Bankers Captains of Industry 2. As the nineteenth century progressed, working class women in Europe ________.
a. were primarily domestic servants
b. found opportunities for improvement as white-collar workers
c. often joined the ranks of the feminists
d. worked mainly at home 3. Europe's new elite consisted of all of the following except:
a. lawyers
b. bankers
c. industrialists
d. landed aristocrats 4. According to Marx, the middle-class oppressors were the _______, and the oppressed working-class were the ______. 5. Name the major groups in the social structure of the late 19th century. Karl Marx believed that society was divided between the bourgeoisie (middle-class oppressors) and the proletariat (working-class oppressed). He thought this conflict would result in a violent overthrow, but, until then, the basic social structure of mass society includes the working, middle, and elite classes.
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