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Islam

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by

Martha Sanroman

on 9 October 2015

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Transcript of Islam

Origins
Main ideas
-The Muslims believe in the Cora
-They believe that Allah is their god and that Muhammad is the prophet.
-They believe in the Five Pilars:
1.Testimony of Faith: To believe that Allah is their God and Mohamed the Messenger.
2.The prayer: Must pray 5 times a day
3.Money: Must give it to the poor
4.Abstinence of food: During the Ramadan (the 9th month of the Islam calendar)
5.Hajj: The pilgrimage to Mecca Mosque must be done at least once (in the 12th month of the Islam calendar)

Main rites
Birth rites:
Adhan:
"God is great, there is no God but Allah. Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. Come to prayer." are the first words a baby must hear.
Aqeeqah:
After seven days the baby's head is shaved to show that they are servants of Allah.
Location
Deities
Allah:
is the proper name of their God.
Prophet Muhammad:
they believed he is the last in the line of prophets that also include Moses and Jesus, he is the chosen messenger of the word of God.
Islam

References
"Birth Rites". (August 18, 2008). Retrieved on October 7, 2015 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/ritesrituals/birth.shtml
"Islam Today". Retrieved on October 8, 2015 from http://www.pbs.org/empires/islam/faithtoday.html
¿Qué es el Islam y en qué creen los musulmanes? . Retrieved October 8, 2015, from http://www.gotquestions.org/Espanol/Islam-musulmanes.html
"The Prophet Muhammad and the Originds of Islam". Retrieved on October 7, 2015 from http://www.metmuseum.org/learn/for-educators/publications-for-educators/art-of-the-islamic-world/unit-one/the-prophet-muhammad-and-the-origins-of-islam
"What Are The Main Practices And Rituals Of Islam?". Retrieved on October 7, 2015 from http://www.questionsaboutislam.com/faith-beliefs-practices/main-practices-rituals-of-islam.php
"3 Faiths with One God". (2009). Retrieved on October 8, 2015 from http://www.arabamericanmuseum.org/umages/IMLS_religion_exhibit/3f_islam.html



Main practices:
Pilgrimage or Hajj:

is a physical and spiritual journey that evey muslim must do at least one time in their lifetime. They travel to the city of Mecca to ask their god for forgivness.
Fasting:
retain from all food and drink during the month of Ramadan that is based on the lunar cycle. Fasting reminds the muslims to have sympathy of the poor people.
Valeria Colomé #5
Martha Sanromán #16
Ana Palma #19
Lucia Maranghello #25

- Now a days, Islam is practiced mainly in the Middle East, Northern Africa, and Central Asia.
- 1.2 billion people practice it.
- Indonesia has the largest Islamic population.
- In the 2010 census there were about 3,700 Muslims in México.

Shia and Sunni
From the teaches of Prophet Muhammad,
a 7th century Arab.
FACT: Muhammad asked not to portray him

Islam started in Saudi Arabia in the Middle East; the city of Mecca, where the prophet Muhammad was born.

They believed that the principles of the religion were revealed to the prophet Muhammad and he wrote them down in the Islam's holy book, the Qur'an.


Random Fact
The Islamic calendar is called Hijri
Some festivities this month are:
- October 14: Al-Hijira- the Islamic new year. It marks the migration of Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina.

- October 23: Ashura- Islamic holy day commemorating the Prophet´s grandson, Hussein.
Shia and Sunni are the two main branches of Islam. The two groups were created after the death of Muhammad with the question of who was going to lead them.

Shia
Sunni
- Shia's believed that Ali,
Muhammad's cousin in
law was going to lead them
- About 10%-15% are Shia
- They mainly live in
Lebannon and Iraq
- Believed that the new leader should be chosen by elections
- Dominant branch
- 85%-90% are Sunni
-Mainly live in Iran, Iraq, Yemen and Bahrain
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