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Transcript of Mount Kelud
One of the 147 volcanoes in Indonesia.
East Java, Indonesia.
Longitude: 8 S.
Latitude: 112 E.
Is a composite volcano
Is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire
Since Mt. Kelud is a composite volcano, it has an explosive type of lava. Its type of lava is called andesitic lava.
The Pacific Ring of Fire is an area where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur in the basin of the Pacific Ocean.
Indonesia lies on a subduction zone.
The Ring of Fire is composed of over 75% of the world's active and dormant volcanoes.
Occurred on February 13, 2014
Killed three people
Evacuated more than 75,000 people
Ash reached 45,000 ft in altitude.
Ash covered most of the Java Island
Airports and tourist atractions closed.
Houses collapsed when the build up of ash became too great.
Over 200,000 people were effected by this eruption
"Indonesia Mt. Kelud Eruption." CBSNews. CBS Interactive, n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2015.
"Kelud." (Kelut) Volcano, East Java (Indonesia). N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2015.
"On This Day: Kelut Erupts, 1919." The Volcanism Blog. N.p., 19 May 2008. Web. 19 Jan. 2015.
"Update News." Mount Kelud, Long History and Eruption Anomalies. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015.
Rosenberg, Matt. "The Pacific Ring of Fire." N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015.
"Volcano Live." Kelut Volcano, Indonesia. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015.
The Independent. Independent Digital News and Media, n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015.
"Kelud." (Kelut) Volcano, East Java (Indonesia). N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015.
Lasted about 90 minutes.
More than 30 eruptions have occurred since 1000 A.D.
Eruptions occurred in 1500, 1548, 1586, 1641, 1716, 1752, 1756, 1771, 1776, 1785, 1811, 1825, 1826, 1835, 1848, 1849, 1864, 1901, 1919, 1920, 1951, 1966, 1967, 1990, 2007, and in 2014.
Most eruptions have triggered pyroclastic flow.
Largest eruption was in 1548, when it caused more than 10,000 casualties.
The 1919 eruption sparked large landslides after the, then large, crater lake drained. Killed about 5,000 people. Traveled 25 miles.
The 1990 eruption lasted for 45 days, and the area covered by the eruption was 57.3 million cubic meters.
The 2007 eruption lasted one day, area covered was 9 miles.
The eruptions of Mt. Kelud have made houses collapse due to ash build up and due to landslides, made a lot of people evacuate their homes, and killed thousands of people.
The eruptions also caused many airports and other important buildings to have to close.
A subduction zone is a collision between two of Earth's tectonic plates, where one plate sinks into the mantle underneath the other plate