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Washington D.C Piqua Part 1

Piqua Junior High
by

David Riley

on 12 May 2016

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Transcript of Washington D.C Piqua Part 1

Capitol Building
The legislative branch is presently housed in the Capitol.
On November 9, 1916, Jeanette Rankin of Montana was elected the first woman to serve in the House of Representatives. This all occurred before women were given the right to vote in all states.
The custom of flying a flag 24 hours a day over the Capitol building started by the encouragement of the people during World War II. The flag measures 8 by 12.
"The House of Representatives will derive its powers from the people of America... The Senate, on the other hand will derive its power from the states."
-James Madison, Signer of the Constitution
The branch of government presently housed in the Capitol is the Legislative branch.
On November 9, 1916, the first woman to be elected to serve in the House of Representatives was Jeanette Rankin of Montana.
The custom of flying a flag 24 hours a day over the Capitol building started by the encouragement of the people during WWI. This flag is 8 by 12 feet.
"The House of Representatives will derive its powers from the people of America... The Senate, on the other hand, will derive its power from the states."
-James Madison, Signer of the Constitution
There are 538 presidential electors. Each Congressional House District is allotted 1 vote (435 total), each State is allotted 1 per Senator (100 total), and the District of Columbia is allotted 3.
The word congress means: to come together.
African Americans were only granted citizenship four years earlier.
The House's historical clock shows the Muse of History, in her chariot, recording history as it takes place. She is located in the old House chambers, and her name is Clio.
The Capitol building was built in stages. Abraham Lincoln insisted that the Capitol Dome construction continue during the Civil War. He persisted its construction so our nation's people could see that our country's government would survive.
The Library of Congress, Supreme Court, and Original Washington Memorial were housed in the Capitol.
Designed in 1856, the Statue of Freedom was raised into place on top of the Capitol Dome.
Michelangelo painted the Sistine Chapel. Constantino Brumidi was considered the "Michelangelo of the Capitol."
The oil painting hung on the walls of the Capitol Rotunda containing the ship called "The Speedwell," is the Embarkation of Pilgrims, by Robert W. Weir.
The U.S. Civil War
Battle of Gettysburg

This three-day battle took place just prior to a national holiday. The battle dates are July 1-3, 1863 in Pennsylvania.
The top two generals in the Battle of Gettysburg are:
Northern troops-Gen. George Meade

Southern troops-Gen. Robert E. Lee
On Day One, the fighting took place northwest of the city. The South was seen as the winner.
The ridge position of the Confederate Line was Seminary Ridge and the ridge of the Union Line was Cemetery Ridge.
On Day Three, the South marched across the open field toward the "high water mark." This final battle was called "Pickett's Charge."
Lincoln gave his Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863 at the dedication of the first National Cemetery.
"Four Score and seven years ago..."

Lincoln was referring to the birth of our country on July 4, 1776 in the above quote.
National Archives
"The Federal Register."
The Federal Register is a daily publication of the U.S Federal Government that issues proposed and final Administrative regulations of the federal agencies.
The National Archives exists for two purposes:
It provides public access to original documents
record daily actions of the U.S. Government
The Charters of Freedom:
Declaration of Independence
U.S. Constitution
Bill of Rights.
Although the Magna Carta is not an American document, it was the foundation for fundamental English rights.
The American architect who designed the National Archives, National Gallery of Art, and the Jefferson Memorial was John Russell Pope.
The original Bill of Rights contained 12 articles, two of which were not ratified. Later, the original second amendment was ratified as our 27th Amendment.
The Judicial branch of government is represented by the Supreme Court.
We now have one Chief Justice.
Our present Chief Justice is John G. Roberts Jr.
William Howard Taft's connection with the Supreme Court and White House was that he was both President of the United States and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
When a new justice is "sworn in," they must take a constitutional and judicial oath. The constitutional oath is always given first.
Members of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President subject to the approval of the Senate.
The first African-American to take oath of office as a Supreme Court Justice was Thurgood Marshall.
Under President Barrack Obama, two women have been sworn in to serve on the bench. Two other woman who have served are Sandra Day O'Conner and Ruth Bader Ginsberg
One example of a case heard by the highest court in the land was Roe v. Wade.
(legalized abortion)

Supreme Court Justices serve during "good behavior," which has generally meant life terms. This is to ensure an independent Judiciary and to protect judges from partisan pressures.
The Justices are sworn to uphold the founding document called the "U. S. Constitution."
The connection between Chief Justice John Marshall and Liberty Bell is it cracked for the second time when ringing to commemorate Marshall's death.
White Quills are placed on the counsel tables each day that the court sits, it is a tradition that has continued at the opening of every session of court.
On either side of the main steps are seated two marble figures
In 1929, Congress authorized a home for the U. S. Supreme Court.
In 1803, a congressional law was found to be in violation of the U.S Constitution. The Supreme Court, therefore, ruled it "unenforceable." The historical case is called Marbury vs. Madison.
U.S. Supreme Court
U.S. Capitol Building
This was before women in all states were allowed the right to vote.
The female is the Contemplation of Justice
The male is the Guardian.
Sandra Day O'Conner
Ruth Bader Ginsberg
Full transcript