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Using Articles with Nouns in Spanish
Transcript of Using Articles with Nouns in Spanish
What are nouns?
You might recall that nouns (sustantivos) refer to people, places, things, or concepts.
Remember: All nouns in Spanish have a gender, either masculine or feminine...
So, what are articles?
Articles are a part of speech that go with nouns. There are two types of articles, definite and indefinite.
Don't forget!Exceptions to the rules!!
Nouns that end in -o are generally masculine...
Nouns that end in -a, -ción, -sión, or -dad are generally feminine.
Definite articles are used when talking about a specific noun. In English, the is a definite article.
In Spanish, definite articles are el, for masculine nouns, and la, for feminine nouns.
Masculine: el chico
Feminine: la chica, la pronunciación, la misión, la posibilidad
Indefinite articles are used when talking about a nonspecific noun. In English, a and an are indefinite articles.
In Spanish, indefinite articles are un, for masculine nouns, and una, for feminine nouns.
Masculine: el lápiz ---> un lápiz
Feminine: la página ---> una página
Some nouns don't follow the rules! For example:
Masculine: el día Feminine: la noche
Also, some nouns that refer to people have only one form and the gender of the person being referred to is indicated by the definite article....
Masculine: el estudiante Feminine: la estudiante
All that's great, but what if there's more than one thing?
Well, let's pluralize!
Make most nouns in Spanish plural by adding -s. The plural of definite articles to go with plural nouns are los, for masculine nouns, and las, for feminine nouns.
Masculine: el amigo -> los amigos el libro -> los libros
Feminine: la amiga -> las amigas la revista -> las revistas
Make nouns that end with a consonant plural by adding -es.
Masculine: el papel -> los papeles el reloj -> los relojes
Feminine: la actividad -> las actividades la pared -> las paredes
For nouns that end in -z, change
the -z to -c in the plural form.
el lápiz -> los lápices
It may be necessary to add or remove an accent mark when making a noun plural.
el examen -> los exámenes
la lección -> las lecciones
The plural forms of the indefinite articles in Spanish are unos, for masculine nouns, and unas, for feminine nouns. These translate to a few or some.
los lápices -> unos lápices (a few/some pencils)
las páginas -> unas páginas (a few/some pages)
a few/some (masculine)
a few/some (feminine)
One last thing...
The words un and una can also mean one when used before a singular noun. Uno (the number one) is never used before a noun...
dos cuaderdons y un libro
tres chicos y una chica