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The Forbidden City

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on 3 February 2015

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Transcript of The Forbidden City

The Forbidden City
The Forbidden City is located in Beijing, China.
The Forbidden City
The Forbidden City is an array of ancient building and artifacts that includes; porcelain and jade, gardens, plazas, historic sites, and 9,999 rooms.
What Is The Forbidden City?
The Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming dynasty to the end of the Qing dynasty.
What Was It Used For?
When Hongwu Emperor's son Zhu Di became the young Emperor, he moved the capital from Nanjing to Beijing, and the construction of the Forbidden City began in 1406 (Ming dynasty). 1420 -1644 the Forbidden City was the seat of the Ming dynasty. In April 1644, it was captured by rebel forces led by Li Zicheng, who proclaimed himself emperor of the Shun dynasty. Shortly after he fled before the combined armies of former Ming general Wu Sangui and Manchu forces, setting fire to parts of the Forbidden City in the process.
Translation into Chineses = Zijin cheng
Forbidden referred to the fact that no one could enter or leave the palace without the emperor's permission.
The Forbidden City consists of an outer and inner court. Only the imperial family and their servants had access to the inner court.
Directly in the center of Beijing, China.
The palace served as the home of the emperors and their households as well as the ceremonial and political center of the Chinese government for almost 500 years.
By October, the Manchus had achieved supremacy in northern China, and a ceremony was held at the Forbidden City to proclaim the young Shunzhi Emperor as a ruler of all China under the Qing dynasty. The Qing rulers changed the names of some of the principle buildings, to emphasizes "Harmony" rather than "Supremacy".
More History
The Qing dynasty made the palace a place of Manchu Shamanist ceremony. The native Chinese Taoist religion continued to have an important role throughout the Ming dynasties. The other prevalent form of religion at the time was Buddhism.
Beginning with the Qing dynasty there was a law that in certain areas of the Forbidden City, no "real man" were allowed to remain after sunset. This explains the former presence of up to 3000 eunuchs.
The Forbidden City was home to 24 emperors, 14 of the Ming dynasty and 10 of the Qing dynasty.
The Palace It's Self
The Forbidden City was built in 1406-1420, the complex consisted of 980 buildings and covers 180 acres.
The palace was made in the image of heaven. The palace was supposed to resemble heaven to the best of it's ability's. This was because the emperors were like Gods therefor they needed to live in heaven.
The construction of the Forbidden City lasted 14 years long, and required more than a million workers.
Now the palace is a museum.

Since 1925 the Forbidden City has been under control by the palace museum.

The palace is almost 600 years old.

The Forbidden City is considered the symbol of China.

The palace holds one of the largest museums in the world.

The palace really influenced cultural and architectural developments in East Asia and elsewhere.
More About The Palace
The Forbidden city was declared a world heritage site in 1987.
The palace was recognized as one of the most important 5 palaces in the world. (palace of Versailles France, Buckingham Palace, the White House, and the Kremlin).
The palace is listed by UNESCO as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world.
Part of the museum's former collection is now located in the National Palace museum in Taipei. Both museums descend from the same institution, but were split after the Chinese civil war.
Fun fact
There are 13,844 dragon images in the Forbidden City.
Full transcript