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CRJU 328 Multiculturalism

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Arthur Dean

on 29 April 2015

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Transcript of CRJU 328 Multiculturalism

Is Nevada A State To Follow?...
Moriah Green
Arthur Dean III
Selam Tesfamariam
Quanay Wilson
April 29, 2015
CRJU 328
Myths of Prostitution vs. Facts and Actuality
Nevada Laws
Pros...
Cons...
OR
Greatly reduces sex trafficking.
Sex workers "prostitutes" will be safer. (Fewer assaults and STD's).
Substantial source of tax revenue.
Reduce valuable law enforcement resources.

Pro 1.
It’s estimated that there are around 30 million victims of human trafficking around the world. More than half of the victims (55 percent) are women or girls.

According to the International Labor Organization, human trafficking generates around $150 billion per year. Two-thirds of this money ($99 billion) comes from commercial sexual exploitation.

The United States is not immune to the perils of this disgusting industry. Somewhere between 14,500 and 17,500 people are trafficked into the United States every year. The vast majority of these individuals are trafficked for sex work.

Tragically, 100,000 children are forced into prostitution every year in America.

In 2001, Germany legalized sex work. Over the course of the next 10 years, instances of sex-based human trafficking decreased by 10 percent within the country.

Prominent groups such as Amnesty International, World Health Organization, UN Women, the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health, Human Rights Watch and the Open Society Foundations are for decriminalizing sex work.
Pro. 2
In Germany and New Zealand, where sex work is legalized, occupational health and safety laws protect sex workers. Correspondingly, as the brothels also screen clients and use credit cards, violence has decreased. Sex workers there can report instances of violence and harassment, and the perpetrators are held accountable.
Pro. 3
As long as prostitution remains illegal in the United States, those within the industry will pay no taxes. In turn, the government is missing out on a lucrative source of revenue.
For Prostitution..
Con. 1
Con. 2
It is seen to be as a degrading profession. To treat someone as a mere sexual object is to fail to respect their worth as human being. Also, it can be argued that having sex with people for money is inherently degrading.
Con. 3
Violence is the norm for women in prostitution and prostituted women are unrecognized victims of intimate partner violence by pimps and customers. Incest, sexual harassment, verbal abuse, stalking, rape, battering and torture are forms of violence, all of which occur regularly in prostitution. The systematic violence emphasizes the victim's worthlessness except in her role as a prostitute.
Not For Prostitution..
pros·ti·tu·tion
ˌprästəˈt(y)o͞oSH(ə)n/
noun

the practice or occupation of engaging in sexual activity with someone for payment.

synonyms: the sex trade, the sex industry, whoring, streetwalking, sex tourism; More
the unworthy or corrupt use of one's talents for the sake of personal or financial gain.
What Is Prostitution...
Psychological damages.
Morality of prostitution.
Violence and diseases.

http://www.shouselaw.com/nevada/solicitation.html
Possible Solutions:

-Educate and warn highly prostituted cities. Bring awareness.
-Ensure proper resources are available. (Rehabilitating centers and advisement centers ran by non-profited organization or the government).
-Deterrence at a young age (school).
-Deterrence for clients (i.e. sex offenders list, "general deterrence").
-Law enforcement empowerment for prostitutes to allow them to be viewed as victims instead of criminals.
Prostitution is criminalized in every state and locality across the country. As a result, sex workers are pushed onto the street, leaving too many at the whims of pimps and dangerous johns without access to police protection and labor representation.

If only the practice was brought indoors, sex workers could have more freedom to perform on their own terms in a safe, legal environment like I do.

- Belle Knox, Duke University Pornstar
In 1980, state legislators in Rhode Island unintentionally legalized prostitution as a result of a legal loophole. A criminal case brought this to the public’s attention in 2003. The error was eventually corrected in 2009, and prostitution was made illegal again.
However, during the six years in between 2003 and 2009, the number of rapes in the state declined by 31 percent. Simultaneously, gonorrhea infection amongst women in Rhode Island dropped by a whopping 39 percent.


Hence, as long as sex work remains illegal, prostitutes will be less likely to use condoms and seek STD tests. If it were to be decriminalized, they would be safer and healthier.

In 2007 alone, Atlanta’s sex trade was worth a staggering $290 million. Not to mention, between 2005 and 2011, the average weekly cash income for pimps in the city was $32,833.
In Nevada, legal brothels collectively make around $50 million a year, and pay significant amounts of tax to the rural counties in which they are located and operate.
Pro. 4

Even with Nevada's economy suffering, the state however, does not share in this revenue because it does not approve of the sex trade.
The average annual income of an employee at one Nevada brothel working only one week per month is at least $100,000, allowing licensed sex workers to contribute more than $20,000 in federal income taxes per year. With over one million prostituted women in America, the tax revenue generated by this industry could be $20 billion per year.
Police spend a great deal of time, money and resources in an attempt to disrupt the sex trade. Yet, it continues to thrive. If it were legalized, law enforcement could save money and spend more time addressing more pressing matters, such as terrorism and other violent crimes.
It costs $2,000 per case to arrest, court, and incarcerate a prostitute. Cities spend from $1 million to $23 million dollars, for an average of $7.5 million dollars, on prostitution-control.
For example, the investigation into former New York governor, and notorious John, Eliot Spitzer required wiretapping 5,000 phone conversations, intercepting 6,000 emails, and using surveillance and undercover tactics that are more appropriate for trapping terrorists than entrapping Johns.




Direct or indirect exposure to traumatic events in the course of prostitution and the emotional health consequences are associated with psychological problems, including severe trauma, stress, depression, anxiety, self-medication via alcohol and drug abuse, eating disorders and PTSD.
Previous studies on prostitution have shown that prostitutes have a high prevalence of PTSD. 68 percent of 827 prostitutes in 9 countries met the criteria for lifetime diagnosis of PTSD, with the severity of PTSD symptoms in the same range as treatment-seeking combat veterans,rape survivors and refugees.
Research has suggested that prostitutes might have many risk factors for developing PTSD. Experiences of child sexual abuse are commonly reported among prostitutes.
Prostitution is regarded as immoral as it tends to involve coercion. In most cases, people do not freely decide to become prostitutes. Some are driven to the profession by desperation and a lack of other opportunities for employment. In other cases, they are forced into prostitution by others while others are enslaved and forced to be prostitutes.
It is exploitative as prostitutes typically work for a pimp or a madam who takes a sizable cut of their income. This is exploitative because the prostitute is doing the hard work while the pimp/madam is taking an unfair share of the proceeds.
50 percent of prostitutes throughout the world have contracted the HIV virus with 6-8 percent of sexually transmitted diseases related to prostitution in the US.
70-95 percent of prostitutes experience physical assault as they attempt to work as a prostitute.
60-75 percent of prostitutes are raped while working as a prostitute. 95 percent of prostitutes experience sexual harassment that in other industries would result in legal action. Women who are prostitutes are raped 8-10 each year on average and also have a death rate 40 times higher than women not involved in prostitution.
*http://www.trickedfilm.com/*
1:05:52
Prostitution is one of the most dangerous professions in the country.
In the U.S prostitutes get busted more often than Johns.
In the U.S prostitution is often considered a victimless crime,even through most girls start between the ages of 12 and 14.
Up to 95% of women in prostitution are problematic drug user.
Bibliography
Brents, B. (2014, January 23). Nevada’s Legal Brothels Make Workers Feel Safer. Retrieved April 15, 2015.

Brents, B., & Hausbeck, K. (2005, March 3). Violence and Legalized Brothel Prostitution in Nevada (3rd ed.).
Nevada: Sage. Retrieved April 15, 2015.

England, D. (2015). Prostitution in Nevada: Laws and Penalties | Criminal Law. Retrieved April 15, 2015.

Farley, M. (2004, October 1). Prostitution Is Sexual Violence. Retrieved April 15, 2015.

Fuchs, E. (2013, November 13). 7 Reasons Why America Should Legalize Prostitution. Retrieved April 15, 2015.

Giang, V. (2011, December 14). Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About Prostitution In Nevada.
Retrieved April 15, 2015.

Haltiwanger, J. (2014, November 19). Why Legalizing Prostitution Would Make America Healthier, Wealthier
And Safer. Retrieved April 15, 2015.

Jung, Y., Song, J., Chong, J., Seo, H., & Chae, J. (2008, June 30). Symptoms of Post traumatic Stress Disorder
and Mental Health in Women Who Escaped Prostitution and Helping Activists in Shelters. Retrieved April 22, 2015.

Love, D. (2013, November 4). I Walked Into A Nevada Brothel And My Expectations Were Shattered.
Retrieved April 15, 2015.

Sonntag, T. (n.d.). Case for Legalizing Prostitution. Retrieved April 15, 2015.

Subject Overview:
Definition of subject
Pros and Cons of subject
Arguments of both sides
Common Myths and Facts
Subject explanation (via video clip)
Possible solutions
Bibliography
Questions?
Full transcript