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Copy of Ancient China

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on 24 February 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Ancient China

Period of Disunion &
3 Kingdoms

Ancient China
Period of Disunion
220-589
Sui Dynasty
589-618
Buddhism in China
Legalism
Confucianism
Daoism
Mongol Empire
- Begins after Han Dynasty collapses (several kingdoms)
Ruler:
-Yang Jian ends the period of disunion (unifies
China).

Accomplishments:
-Grand Canal: links northern and southern China
-Arrives during the Han dynasty
-Confucius->Return to ethics

-Fathers display high values & children respect & obey their parents

-Kings should lead by example

-Philosophy and religious roots

-Learning is a process

-Live up to Heaven's expectations
-Shi Huangdi

-People are bad by nature and need to be controlled

-Political philosophy

-Strict laws & punishments (families also punished

-Dealt with government and social control
-Laozi

-Dao(Tao) = "the way"

-Did not believe in active, involved leaders

-Governments should stay out of people's lives

-Balance of opposites (yin & yang)

-Do not seek power or wealth
-Nomads who attacked China
-Ruled by Genghis Khan
("Universal Ruler")
-Led bloody expeditions
-Northern China: nomads settle and natives adopt their culture.
-
-Southern China: Cultural blending. Northerners
flee to the south.
-People turned to it for peace during the
disunion (escape surffering and achieve peace)
-Golden Age ended by a Tang Emperor
(* although weakened, Buddhism
still remained)
-Spread to many places (Japan & Korea)-building temples and statues of Buddha, influenced art, literature, and architecture
-Army: led brutal attacks
Kublai Khan
-Grandson of Genghis Khan
-Completed conquest and became emperor
Yuan Dynasty Begins
Yuan Dynasty
1279-1368
-Kublai Khan (foreign rule)
Culture:
-Chinese kept their way of life
-Taxes paid for public projects

Accomplishments:
-Marco Polo visited and raved
about his experience
Yuan Decline
1. Invaded Japan but violent
storms weakened their military
2. Money spent on public projects weakened the economy
3. The Chinese rebel and gain their power back
Ming Dynasty
1368-1644
Rulers:
-Rulers punished anyone who challenged their
authority

Accomplishments:
-Zheng He: Gifted sailor who improved ships and
sailing skills
Projects:
-The Forbidden City
-Restored the Great Wall
Culture:

-Used examinations to appoint censors to check on the progress of schools and local leaders
-Isolationism: -Banned foreign trade
-Behind on technology
-Lack of progress
Ancient China
Geography
Desert- Gobi Desert; natural physical barrier
separating China from neighbors
Low-lying plains- cover most of E. China

Mountain Ranges- Western Frontier
*Qingling Shanai (breaks up N & S)
Climate
NE: cold & dry
NW: dry deserts
SE: very wet (monsoons)
Early Civilizations
Farming- along rivers; grew rice and
wheat,fished & hunted

Early Towns- surrounded by walls

Advancements- dug wells, tombs with jewelry
Tang 618-907
Influence:
-Lasted 300 years
-Considered the Golden Age

-Ruler- Taizong
-Conquered lands, reformed military,
created law codes
Tang
Ruler- Xuanzong
-Culture flourished
-Best poets

Ruler- Empress Wu
-Only woman to rule
-vicious methods but talented
Five Dynasties & Ten Kingdoms
A period of chaos after the fall
of the Tang Dynasty (53 years)
Song Dynasty 960-1279
Influence:
-China is reunified
-Great accomplishments
Tang
Song
farming
irrigation systems & wells
60 million people
100 million people
Capital- Chang'an
Capital- Kaifeng
Trade- Grand Canal
and land routes
Trade- Sea routes
Poetry
-Woodblock Printing
-Gun powder
-Magnetic Compass

-Movable Type
-Paper money
-Porcelain perfected
-Magnetic Compass
Huang He
Yangzi
3,000 miles across North
Floods-"China's Sorrow"
Central China
Longest River in Asia
Han 205 BC-220AD
Liu Bang (poor family
-Believed in Confucianism
-Unified China

Wu Di (more stern)
-Created stability
-Expanded the empire
-Created the civil service program
(taking test for gov't jobs)
Han
-Lengthened the great wall
-Seismograph
-Astronomy tools (sundial)
-Medicine
-Acupuncture
-Paper
Han
-This was a time of peace
-Trade grew
-Government-required exams
-became more stable under Wudi

The Silk Road:
Connected China and Rome
-Chinese exchanged
goods along the way
Culture
Culture
Accomplishments
Accomplishments

2 basic principles:
-concern for others
-appropriate behavior
Other:
Neo-Confucianism
-Took place around the Song Dynasty

-Neo = NEW

-Similar to Confucianism with teaching proper behavior but emphasized spiritual matters

-Scholars discussed what made humans do bad things if their basic nature was good?

-Ideas eventually become the official government teachings of the Song Dynasty
Full transcript