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Down Syndrome by Christina Cafro

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Christina Cafro

on 14 May 2015

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Transcript of Down Syndrome by Christina Cafro

History of Down Syndrome
1828 - Dr. John Langdon Down
Trisomy 21
92% of all Down Syndrome Cases
Internal Symptoms
30% - 50% experience heart problems
Atrial Septal Defect
Tetralogy of Fallot
Increased risk of the following:
Genetic Disorder on Chromosome 21
Down Syndrome by Christina Cafro
"Mongoloid Idiocy"
1831 - Jean Etienne Dominique Esquirol
1959 - Jerone Lejeune
3 Different mutations can occur:
Trisonomy 21 , Mosaicism, Translocation
Recognized as Nondisjunction
Three inherited 21st Chromosomes
Physical distinction at birth
6,000 children born per year
Flat appearing face
Smaller head
Flat bridged nose
Brushfield Spots
Epicanthal Folds
Upward Slanted Eyes
Simian Crease
Malformed 5th finger (pinky)
5% - 7% suffer from gastrointestinal disorders
Duodenum Atresia
Kidney Disorders
Vision problems
Alzheimer's Disease
Severe Seizures
There is
Early Intervention Therapy
Aid in four areas of development
motor skills
language ability
self-help techniques
social development
Alternative Procedures
Pituitary Extract
Genetic Counseling
Chromosomal Karyotypes
Thyroid Hormone Injections
Sicca Cell Therapy
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DSMO)
Growth Hormone Injection
Occupational Therapy
Linguistic Therapy
aids in motor & psychosocial development
Gastrointestinal Surgery
Cardiac / Plastic Surgery
1 in 4 children die from cardiovascular issues within first year
Alzheimer's/Dementia - Age 35
50% will live beyond 50
Physical Distinctions
Full transcript