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EDU 223 CH 3 Emergent Literacy

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Kerry Moore

on 8 March 2018

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Transcript of EDU 223 CH 3 Emergent Literacy

Emergent Literacy &
Beginning Reading &

Peer into Mrs. Anderson's Kindergarten Class
Listen &/or read pages 61-62. Write a list of what
she did before, during, and after reading
Familiar Print
1. Parents conversing with children
2. Children asking questions
3. Parents respond to the questions
4. A natural curiosity of words and letters
Emergent literacy includes...
Ch. 3
Shared Reading~
What is she doing
& after?
Experiences with
Reading & Writing
Working moms
37% in 1968
65% in 2011

It has changed what we teach in kindergarten
This is :
Apprenticeship Learning
The Observational Survey
1. identification of letters
2. identification of words
3. retell a story
4. where to begin on a page
5. Print direction: L to R

Egocentric Phase-
a young child plays with sounds and words for the sheer joy of it.
Socialized behavior
involves the children's desire to share and acquire information.
Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development~
1. Informal conversations are vital in cognitive development
2. The first few years of life are critical
3. Complex mental processes begin as social activities
4. Children can perform difficult tasks with a more advanced adult
5. Challenging tasks create opportunities for cognitive growth
6. Play is important!
Information Processing Theory
Children are not recorders of information BUT builders of knowledge structures.
Read pg. 65-67 Our Own Stories on Baseball Cards and Literacy Acquisition
As an exit today write 3 ways that baseball cards supported Kurtis' emergent literacy acquisition.
These things are MEANINGFUL to the child.
Children progress through 2 phases of behavior as they develop
thinking and language skills
1. egocentric and 2. socialized behaviors
The human memory is active and complex as information is processed.
How does Vygotsky and learning theory impact teachers

1. It places an emphasis on HOW children process information as they learn.

2. We must teach children ways to ORGANIZE knowledge and correct misunderstandings.

3. INTEGRATE instruction so that connections can be made.
It relates what we know to our new learning.
Evaluating Emergent Literacy
When ENTERING kindergarten it is important to assess the degree of emergent literacy to plan instruction.
Novice Reader Developmental Reader
*needs a lot of
literacy exposure

* needs to know
where print

*books are front to

* print is left to right

* letters or words

* needs letter

* can read some

*1 in 600

* They can:
- Monitor
- Search
- Discover
- Cross check
- Self-correct
- Solve

* read strategically
Ways to Read a Book
1) read the pictures

2) read the words

3) retell the story or information from the text
Our goal is to develop strategic readers
1. Monitor
2. Search
3. Discover
4. Cross-check
5. Self-correct
6. Solve

Whole group- small group - side by side (conferencing)
Read the paragraph on pg. 74
Instruction for Novice Readers and Writers

In your own words tell your neighbors what the exemplary emergent classrooms had in place
independent work
read alouds
partner reading
guided leveled reading
independent reading of self selected books
literacy centers
library books
are categorized by genres or topics
Be sure to put your name on it and write in complete sentences
We rely on a network~
Observational Survey
* Check letter identification
* Child reads a word list
* Hearing and Recording Sounds
* Writing words you know
* Concepts About Print
* Text Level
Reciprocal teaching
requires students to read and summarize information
You will work with a partner to:
an assigned section
your section
a visual representation with
words & pictures to teach the class about your section

* Each group will share their section*
Monday we
will wrap up
Ch.3 on Emergent Literacy
Daily Five
Read Alouds
It is important to:
1. pick books developmentally appropriate
2. teacher needs to read it before reading aloud
3. establish a purpose (objective)
4. read it fluently to the students
5. read with animation and expression
6. stop to question
7. encourage connections
Think Alouds
The teacher is orally demonstrating his/her thinking process by talking about how he/she gains knowledge while reading.
Morning Message
Picture Walks
A way to introduce a book to beginning readers.
1. Share the cover
2. Ask questions to activate prior knowledge
3. Make predictions
4. Help students with a sense of story
*students do most if not
all of the writing

* generated by the group

* students write the known

* teacher acts as a guide

*share the pen

The Daily Five
Is Your Mama a Llama?
by Steven Kellogg
Lexile 290
Reading level 1.6
Guided Reading L
Interest PreK-1st
Genre: Modern Fantasy
Let's believe God
for the impossible this week!
Happy Monday
Talk to your shoulder partner about what the teachers is teaching to these students during the morning message.
Interactive Writing Shared Writing
* the teacher is the scribe

*generated by the group

* teacher models/ thinks aloud about the spelling, conventions, etc. of the message

* can be used as a reference for later

*it nurtures conventions of written language
1-Read to self 2-Read to someone
3-Work on writing
4-Listen to reading
5-Spelling and word work
Note on the fridge
Thank you notes
Stages of Literacy Development
1. Early Emergent Literacy----------------Emergent (B-3 yrs)
2. Emergent Literacy----------------------Emergent (3- 5yrs)
3. Beginning Reading and Writing-------Early (K-1st)
4. Almost Fluent Reading and Writing--Transitional (2nd-3rd)
5. Fluent Reading and Writing-----------Fluent (4th and on)
The Observational Survey
EDU 223 Language Arts & Literature

* Reminders :
Handwriting Test Friday, Feb. 28th
Bulletin Boards Friday, March 7th
Book Reports-consider completing a genre each week
* Discuss Ch. 3
* Ch. 3 Quiz
* Monday we will do partner work on parts of Ch.3
Familiar Print
Shared Book Experience
1. books read should be ones children enjoy
2. children can see the print
3. the teacher must display enjoyment
Language Experience Approach
shared experience
sharing again
Four Blocks

Checking on yourself when something doesn't sound quite right.

When it sounds wrong the child searches to correct through pictures and letter-sounds

notices the new!

uses one system against another to
confirm (Meaning-Structure-Visual Cues)

If it doesn't look or sound
right he fixes the error

learns to read new words
each read using M-S-V
What impact does Vygotsky's theory have on the early childhood classroom?
I must provide~
immersion in reading and writing
support from teachers
child centered classroom
activity oriented
opportunity for language
Handwriting Test Oct. 10
Work on book reports
Bulletin Boards- Oct. 13

Author Laura Numeroff
If You Give a Pig A Pancake
Reading Level
Grade level Equivalent: 2.8
Lexile Measure®: 570L
DRA: 12
Guided Reading: G
Type of Book:
Modern Fantasy
(Circular Story)

Children begin to acquire emergent literacy skills at birth...even before!
Listen to her language.
What do you think her
parents have done to help her develop this language?
*video of little girl singing!
Does this approach mirror your experiences with preschool?
How are emergent readers getting
their individual needs met?
Important take-aways for
emergent learners....?
* Read Aloud
* Wednesday- reciprocal teaching instruction methods for emergent
* Friday- Wrap up Ch. 3 (Computer Lab)
* Monday- Meet at the day care center at 9:55 am
What teaching strategies do you notice this teacher using?
There are quite a few!
Manuscript Cursive
Holding a pencil properly
Spacing between words
Creating a motivating classroom environment is key.....
1. A literacy- rich environment

2. Time for choice and collaboration

3. Read to your students

4. Have relevant materials for children

5. Hold high expectations for ALL!

Look for all 5 of these aspects of
creating a motivating classroom to
promote literacy learning in this classroom.
* handout on kindergarten behaviors
Walking practice quiz

Talk to a neighbor about egocentric and socialized behaviors.
What does Lev Vygotsky have to do with these to behaviors?
Emergent literacy
explains a child's knowledge of reading and writing skills
they formally learn how to read and write words.
Learning goal:
How would you evaluate emergent literacy? What are some things to look for?

What is an authentic way children practice emergent writing?
Explain emergent literacy.
What is familiar print?
Give an example.
What are some of the behaviors emergent
learners can do when they ENTER kindergarten?
Describe the 2 phases of behavior children move through to develop thinking and language skills.
What is true of Vygotsky's theory regarding children and emergent learning?
The best methods for teaching beginning readers...
Learning goal: I understand teaching methods teachers use in the classroom to promote emergent literacy skills.
Emergent Literacy
Print Concepts
Identify letters
How does Vygotsky believe cognitive development takes place in the young child?
*Ways children
ages B-5 yrs.
about literacy...
*Ways children
ages B-5 yrs.
what they know
about literacy...
Self Assess-

What is emergent literacy?

How far have you worked on your book reports?

What is emergent literacy?

What is familiar print?

What is an authentic example of how children show interest in writing at early ages?

What are two thinking and language phases children move through? What do they look/sound like?

What are some examples of print concepts children acquire before kindergarten?

How does Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development impact emergent learners?
Can you describe what it is and why we use the.....?

Picture walk

Read aloud

Think aloud

Shared reading

Language experience approach

What is an example of familiar print?

What is an example of an authentic
Intro and What is Play?
1- Why is play important?
2- Play and Cognitive Development
3- Play Indoors and Out
4- Parten's Five Types of Play
5- How much should children play?
6- The Teacher's Role and Conclusion
the article
Back to Basics: Play in Early Childhood
1. Number the headings.
2. Read and digest the heading you are assigned.
3. Meet with expert group (1, 2, 3,..) to summarize and clarify the piece you read.
4. Go to home group (colors) to explain your section thoroughly and lead discussion on your section.
Quiz-Quiz Trade
1. Answer your question.
2. Find a friend and see if they can answer your question.
3. Coach....don't tell!
4. Then trade and find a new friend.
4. Be sure to trade until you've had
Katy, Giovanna, Amie- Read Aloud

Emily, Kayli, AnnaLela- Think Alouds

Halee, Cassidy- Shared Book Experience

Riley, Anna, Savannah- Language Experience Approach

Drayke, Haley, Johanna- Morning Message

Paige, Abigail, Shayna - Picture Walk

Shaleena, Lindy, Kyra- Interactive Writing

Morgan, Tanner, Alexis- Shared Writing

Lexi, Chandler- The Daily Five
This one is tricky.
There are just a couple of
unwritten ones here.
Emergent Literacy
Early Transitional Fluent
Define emergent literacy.

What are examples of familiar print?

What are examples of authentic writing experiences for emergent writers?

1. Learning requires social interactions.
2. Learning takes intentional practice.
3. Learning requires a more knowledgeable person in the interaction.
Table 2.3 Emergent to Fluent Reading Processing Behaviors
Pg. 69-70
Take 2 minutes to confirm with your
partner how you will present your instructional strategy from Monday.
An incredible 4 year old who
has read over 1,000 books.
All 10 reports will be turned in on Thursday, March 29
Mar. 6 & 8, 13 & 15 Chapter Book Presentations
Thurs., Mar. 29- Book report project due

PLAY-DOH BRAIN BREAK (time 4 minutes)
Have students work with a partner.
1. The person on the left should come up to the front and get a small Play-Doh can.

2. Go back to your desk and you have 1 minute (the teacher will announce the time) to make an animal

3. Your partner will only get 3 guesses for what the animal is. You don't have to show them what you are doing until the minute is up.

4. Switch and the person on the right gets to make a different animal.

5. Use your guesses wisely because you only get 3.
Hints are allowed.

6. The person on the left will close the lid and take the Play-Doh back up to the front of the room.
How can a child use their 5 senses to gather literacy knowledge?
Marie Clay,
originator of
emergent literacy
Groups of increasingly larger sizes
Write your definition of
emergent literacy

Go to your 2 o'clock partner. SYNTHESIZE a new definition of
emergent literacy.
1. Stand Up.
2. Start by waving your right hand in front of you left to right. Your palm should be facing away from you while keeping your hand with your fingers pointing up.
3. Now stop that hand and have your left hand in front of you waving it up and down.
4. Now practice moving them at the SAME TIME. Do not move your hands going diagonally.
5. Now switch to have your right hand up and down and your left hand left and right. Do this faster and switch often to make it more difficult.
6. Lastly, to increase the difficulty, have your arms crossed while doing this.
Chapter book presentations

Exit slip: Take notes on the text presented

These notes will be your exit slip for points every day.

You do NOT need notes on your own book.

I will return these to you so that you will have
25 read alouds for your future classroom.
Emergent Literacy
In groups of 2
Miss Mary Mack
1. Read 10 books (picture or chapter)
2. 1 from each genre and 1 Caldecott & 1 Newberry
3. Write a summary, reflection, and tie 1 standard to each book
Set a goal of completing 2 per week.
Print Concepts
1. identification of letters
2. identification of words
3. indication of the cover of a book
4. indication of where to begin reading
5. left to right return sweep
Home Teams
Expert Teams
Rally Robin

You share, I share, you share
Full transcript