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EDU 223 CH 3 Emergent Literacy

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Kerry Moore

on 1 May 2017

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Transcript of EDU 223 CH 3 Emergent Literacy

Emergent Literacy &
Beginning Reading &
Writing

Peer into Mrs. Anderson's Kindergarten Class
Read pages 61-62. With a partner write a list of what
she did before, during, and after reading
Familiar Print
Examples...
1. Parents conversing with children
2. Children asking questions
3. Parents respond to the questions
4. The children asked, "What's that
word?"
Emergent literacy includes...
Ch. 3
Shared Reading~
What is she doing
before...
during...
& after?
Authentic
Everyday
Experiences with
Reading & Writing
Working moms
37% in 1968
65% in 2011

It has changed what we teach in kindergarten
This is :
Apprenticeship Learning
The Observational Survey
1. identification of letters
2. identification of words
3. retell a story
4. where to begin on a page
5. Print direction: L to R

Egocentric Phase-
a young child plays with sounds and words for the sheer joy of it.
Socialized behavior
involves the children's desire to share and acquire information.
Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development~
1. Informal conversations are vital in cognitive development
2. The first few years of life are critical
3. Complex mental processes begin as social activities
4. Children can perform difficult tasks with a more advanced adult
5. Challenging tasks create opportunities for cognitive growth
6. Play is important!
Information Processing Theory
Children are not recorders of information BUT builders of knowledge structures.
Read pg. 65-67 Our Own Stories on Baseball Cards and Literacy Acquisition
As an exit today write 3 ways that baseball cards supported Kurtis' emergent literacy acquisition.
These things are MEANINGFUL to the child.
Children progress through 2 phases of behavior as they develop
thinking and language skills
:
1. egocentric and 2. socialized behaviors
The human memory is active and complex as information is processed.
SCHEMATA / SCHEMA
How does Vygotsky and learning theory impact teachers

1. It places an emphasis on HOW children process information as they learn.

2. We must teach children ways to ORGANIZE knowledge and correct misunderstandings.

3. INTEGRATE instruction so that connections can be made.
gathering
selecting
perceiving
organizing
encoding
storing
retrieving
relating
It relates what we know to our new learning.
Evaluating Emergent Literacy
When ENTERING kindergarten it is important to assess the degree of emergent literacy to plan instruction.
Novice Reader Developmental Reader
*needs a lot of
literacy exposure

* needs to know
where print
starts

*books are front to
back

* print is left to right

* letters or words

* needs letter
identification
practice

* can read some

*1 in 600

* They can:
- Monitor
- Search
- Discover
- Cross check
- Self-correct
- Solve

* read strategically
Ways to Read a Book
1) read the pictures

2) read the words

3) retell the story or information from the text
Our goal is to develop strategic readers
1. Monitor
2. Search
3. Discover
4. Cross-check
5. Self-correct
6. Solve

Whole group- small group - side by side (conferencing)
Read the paragraph on pg. 74
titled
Instruction for Novice Readers and Writers

In your own words tell your neighbors what the exemplary emergent classrooms had in place
independent work
read alouds
partner reading
guided leveled reading
independent reading of self selected books
literacy centers
library books
are categorized by genres or topics
Be sure to put your name on it and write in complete sentences
Today we will be teaming
up to practice
reciprocal
teaching
. You will be discussing
the best methods of teaching emergent readers.

We rely on a network~
Observational Survey
* Check letter identification
* Child reads a word list
* Hearing and Recording Sounds
* Writing words you know
* Concepts About Print
* Text Level
Reciprocal teaching
requires students to read and summarize information
You will work with a partner to:
1-
Read
an assigned section
2-
Summarize
your section
3-
Create
a visual representation with
words & pictures to teach the class about your section

* Each group will share their section*
Monday we
will wrap up
Ch.3 on Emergent Literacy
Daily Five
Read Alouds
It is important to:
1. pick books developmentally appropriate
2. teacher needs to read it before reading aloud
3. establish a purpose (objective)
4. read it fluently to the students
5. read with animation and expression
6. stop to question
7. encourage connections
Think Alouds
The teacher is orally demonstrating his/her thinking process by talking about how he/she gains knowledge while reading.
Morning Message
Picture Walks
A way to introduce a book to beginning readers.
1. Share the cover
2. Ask questions to activate prior knowledge
3. Make predictions
4. Help students with a sense of story
*students do most if not
all of the writing

* generated by the group

* students write the known
words

* teacher acts as a guide

*share the pen


The Daily Five
Is Your Mama a Llama?
by Steven Kellogg
Lexile 290
Reading level 1.6
Guided Reading L
Interest PreK-1st
Genre: Modern Fantasy
Let's believe God
for the impossible this week!
Happy Monday
Talk to your shoulder partner about what the teachers is teaching to these students during the morning message.
Interactive Writing Shared Writing
* the teacher is the scribe

*generated by the group

* teacher models/ thinks aloud about the spelling, conventions, etc. of the message

* can be used as a reference for later

*it nurtures conventions of written language
1-Read to self 2-Read to someone
3-Work on writing
4-Listen to reading
5-Spelling and word work
email
postcard
Note on the fridge
Bedtime
story
Thank you notes
Texts
Stages of Literacy Development
1. Early Emergent Literacy----------------Emergent (B-3 yrs)
2. Emergent Literacy----------------------Emergent (3- 5yrs)
3. Beginning Reading and Writing-------Early (K-1st)
4. Almost Fluent Reading and Writing--Transitional (2nd-3rd)
5. Fluent Reading and Writing-----------Fluent (4th and on)
The Observational Survey
EDU 223 Language Arts & Literature

Agenda:
* Reminders :
Handwriting Test Friday, Feb. 28th
Bulletin Boards Friday, March 7th
Book Reports-consider completing a genre each week
* Discuss Ch. 3
* Ch. 3 Quiz
* Monday we will do partner work on parts of Ch.3
Familiar Print
Shared Book Experience
1. books read should be ones children enjoy
2. children can see the print
3. the teacher must display enjoyment
Language Experience Approach
shared experience
discussion
writing
sharing again
Handwriting
Four Blocks

Checking on yourself when something doesn't sound quite right.

When it sounds wrong the child searches to correct through pictures and letter-sounds


notices the new!


uses one system against another to
confirm (Meaning-Structure-Visual Cues)

If it doesn't look or sound
right he fixes the error

learns to read new words
each read using M-S-V
http://www.good4utah.com/content/news/state/story/The-impact-of-working-moms-on-education/d/story/UMrhliHsP0y020hNrdGB-g
What impact does Vygotsky's theory have on the early childhood classroom?
I must provide~
immersion in reading and writing
support from teachers
child centered classroom
activity oriented
opportunity for language
Reminders:
Handwriting Test Oct. 10
Work on book reports
Bulletin Boards- Oct. 13

Author Laura Numeroff
If You Give a Pig A Pancake
Reading Level
Grade level Equivalent: 2.8
Lexile Measure®: 570L
DRA: 12
Guided Reading: G
Type of Book:
Modern Fantasy
(Circular Story)

Children begin to acquire emergent literacy skills at birth...even before!
Listen to her language.
What do you think her
parents have done to help her develop this language?
*video of little girl singing!
Does this approach mirror your experiences with preschool?
How are emergent readers getting
their individual needs met?
Important take-aways for
emergent learners....?
Learning goal: What teaching strategies are used with emergent readers as students enter into our classrooms?
Agenda:
* Read Aloud
* Wednesday- reciprocal teaching instruction methods for emergent
readers.
* Friday- Wrap up Ch. 3 (Computer Lab)
* Monday- Meet at the day care center at 9:55 am
What teaching strategies do you notice this teacher using?
There are quite a few!
Manuscript Cursive
Holding a pencil properly
Spacing between words
Creating a motivating classroom environment is key.....
1. A literacy- rich environment

2. Time for choice and collaboration

3. Read to your students

4. Have relevant materials for children

5. Hold high expectations for ALL!
https://www.teachingchannel.org/videos/pre-k-reading-comprehension

Look for all 5 of these aspects of
creating a motivating classroom to
promote literacy learning in this classroom.
* handout on kindergarten behaviors
Agenda:
Walking practice quiz

Talk to a neighbor about egocentric and socialized behaviors.
What does Lev Vygotsky have to do with these to behaviors?
Emergent literacy
explains a child's knowledge of reading and writing skills
before
they formally learn how to read and write words.
Learning goal:
How would you evaluate emergent literacy? What are some things to look for?

What is an authentic way children practice emergent writing?
Explain emergent literacy.
What is familiar print?
Give an example.
What are some of the behaviors emergent
learners can do when they ENTER kindergarten?
Describe the 2 phases of behavior children move through to develop thinking and language skills.
What is true of Vygotsky's theory regarding children and emergent learning?
The best methods for teaching beginning readers...
Learning goal: What teaching strategies are used with emergent readers as students enter into our classrooms?
Emergent Literacy
Print Concepts
Identify letters
How does Vygotsky believe cognitive development takes place in the young child?
Upcoming Dates:

Wednesday- wrap chapter 3 pages 74-95
Friday- Begin chapter 4

Handwriting Assessment- Friday, March 10
Prezi Presentations begin- Wed., March 15
Trip to Ozark West Elem. - Monday, March 27
7:30 AM - 12:15 PM
Book Report Projects due- Friday, April 7
Ways children
learn literacy...
Ways children show
what they know
about literacy...
Self Assess-

What is emergent literacy?


How far have you worked on your book reports?

What is emergent literacy?

What is familiar print?

What is an authentic example of how children show interest in writing at early ages?




What are two thinking and language phases children move through? What do they look/sound like?

What are some examples of print concepts children acquire before kindergarten?

How does Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development impact emergent learners?
Can you describe what it is and why we use the.....?

Picture walk

Read aloud

Think aloud

Shared reading

Language experience approach

What is an example of familiar print?

What is an example of an authentic
Everyone-
Intro and What is Play?
1- Why is play important?
2- Play and Cognitive Development
3- Play Indoors and Out
4- Parten's Five Types of Play
5- How much should children play?
6- The Teacher's Role and Conclusion
Jigsaw
the article
Back to Basics: Play in Early Childhood
* Number the headings.
* Read and digest the heading you are assigned.
* Meet with expert group to summarize and clarify the piece you read.
* Go to home group to explain your section thoroughly and lead discussion on your section.
Quiz-Quiz Trade
1. Answer your question.
2. Trade with someone who has a different color.
3. Coach....don't tell!
4. Be sure to trade until you've had
orange
red
blue
yellow
green
purple
Moore- Read Aloud

Mariah & Shana- Think Alouds

Halle, Ashlea, & Hannah - Shared Book Experience

Hannah & Olivia- Language Experience Approach

Madi & Kaylee- Morning Message

Makayla & Jayden - Picture Walk

Emily & Cassie- Interactive Writing

Emilie & Lucy- Shared Writing

Rayna & Natalie- The Daily Five
This one is tricky.
There are just a couple of
unwritten ones here.
Emergent Literacy
Early Transitional Fluent
Define emergent literacy.

What are examples of familiar print?

What are examples of authentic writing experiences for emergent writers?

1. Learning requires social interactions.
2. Learning takes intentional practice.
3. Learning requires a more knowledgeable person in the interaction.
Table 2.3 Emergent to Fluent Reading Processing Behaviors
M
eaning- Did that make sense?
S
tructure- Does that sound right?
V
isual- Does that look right?
Pg. 69-70
Short quiz on Friday over what we have covered so far...
Take 2 minutes to confirm with your
partner how you will present your instructional strategy from Monday.
http://www.nbcnews.com/nightly-news/video/meet-the-4-year-old-who-s-read-more-than-1-000-books-856043587556
An incredible 4 year old who
has read over 1,000 books.
Full transcript