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Prehistoric Man

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by

Mrs. Aiello

on 1 December 2015

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Transcript of Prehistoric Man

K- What do you know
W- What do you want to know
L-What did you learn
Topic: Prehistoric Man
According to the video...
1. What are some misconceptions of the "cave man/woman"?




2. How did "cave men/women" revolutionize humanity?
Neolithic Revolution:
Paleolithic Period:
(750,000 BCE - 10,000 B.C.E.) A period of time in human history characterized by the use of stone tools and the use of
hunting and gathering
as a food source.
nomads:
The shift from hunting & gathering to agriculture led to permanent settlements, the establishment of social classes, and the eventual rise of civilizations.
About 10,000 BCE, humans began to
cultivate crops
and
domesticate certain animals.
Results of Neolithic Revolution
Permanent settlements were established
Early social class divisions developed
New technologies developed in response to the need for better tools and weapons to go along with the new way of living.
Examples of new technologies:
Calendar
metal tools
metal weapons
Effects of the Neolithic Revolution
The Neolithic Revolution changed the way humans had previously lived.
The use of agriculture allowed humans to develop permanent settlements, social classes, and new technologies.
Some of these early groups settled in the fertile valleys of the
Nile, Tigris-Euphrates, Yellow, and Indus Rivers.
This resulted in the rise of the great civilizations in
Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, and India.
Discussion Questions
1. Agriculture, or growing plants and raising animals for food, developed in several regions of the world around the same time and changed human society forever. Explain the effects this had on the typical way of life for hunter-gatherers.
2. Too much of anything may not be good for you but not when it came to food in the Neolithic period. Growing your own food was more reliable than hunting and gathering and often led to more food than you needed. Describe the effect food surpluses had the on early farming settlements.
a member of a group of people who move from place to place instead of living in one place all the time. Hunter-gatherers were nomadic because their
food source kept changing and moving.
the often lived in clans and had small family units.
A
Clan
is a group of close-knit and interrelated families
FOOD
Permanent Settlement
Domesticated Animals
Crops/ Farming
So where were the first civilizations located?
(The Iron Age)
(The Stone Age)
The Bronze Age
The Bronze Age is the period of human time between the Stone Age and the Iron Age, terms referring to the material with which tools and weapons were made.
This period of time over laps between the Paleolithic Era and the Neolithic Era
Some cultures developed extensive written records during their Bronze Ages.
Began between 4000 and 3000 b.c. and ended with the advent of the Iron Age
?
Homo Sapiens
Homo sapiens is the
binomial nomenclature
for the human species. Homo is the human
genus
, which also includes
Neanderthals
and many other extinct species of
hominid
...So Let's get technical
formal system of naming species of living things
subdivision in the classification of organisms
an extinct species of human that was widely distributed in ice-age Europe between circa 120,000–35,000 years ago
a primate of a family that includes humans and their fossil ancestor
Cro-Magnon
is a common name that has been used to describe the first early modern humans (early Homo sapiens) of the late Paleolithic Era
Nickname
: Cro-Magnon Man

Site
: France

Date of discovery
: 1868

Discovered by
: Louis Laret

Age
: About 30,000 years old

Species
: Homo sapiens
Archeology:
the study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains.
Artifacts:
...meet Lucy
Perhaps the world's most famous early human ancestor, the 3.2-million-year-old ape "Lucy" was the first Australopithecus skeleton ever found, though her remains are only about 40 percent complete
With a mixture of ape and human features
an object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest.
Civilization:
River-Valley Civilizations:
Examples:
Why River Valleys?
River valley civilizations (about 3500 to 500 b.c. [b.c.e.])

Mesopotamian civilization: Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys (Southwest Asia)
Egyptian civilization: Nile River Valley and Nile Delta (Africa)
Indian civilization: Indus River Valley (South Asia)
Chinese civilization: Huang He Valley (East Asia)
an advanced state of human society, in which a high level of culture, science, industry, and government has been reached
River civilizations are civilizations based around rivers. Some common examples are Ancient Egypt (Nile), the fertile crescent (Tigris/Euphrates), Ancient China (Yellow River) and Ancient India (Indus). Rivers provide a steady supply of drinking water.
Reliable water source
Irrigation for crops
Water supply for domesticated animals
Additional/ plentiful food source from ocean and rivers
Travel and Transportation
Isolation and Protection
Rich/ fertile soil
Full transcript