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Tan Cai Tong

on 27 January 2014

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Transcript of History

Early Immigrants
Most of the Chinese are from the southern provinces of China. Hokkiens came from Fujian province and Cantonese, Teochews and Hakkas came from the province of Guangdong.
The Chinese lived in Chinatown(Kereta Ayer).
And it was divided into separate areas for the different dialect groups.
Large numbers of Chinese Came as unskilled labour and they worked at docks and construction sites.
They were called collies.
Why Singapore?
They came to escape poverty and war in their homeland.
Seek better opportunities.
Unfavourable conditions in their homeland.
Most of them were Tamils from Madras and Negapatam. The North Indian migrants consisted of Punjabis, Bengalis, Gujeratis, Parsees. Also, Sinhalese from Ceylon, present-day Sri Lanka.
The Malays who migrated to Singapore were from the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and the Riau-Lingga Archipelago. The Javanese, Boyanese and Bugis also migrated to Singapore.
They brought rice, spices, coffee, birds' nests, sharks' fins, sea cucumbers ad precious wood.
The Malays were mostly engaged in providing basic necessities like firewood and foodstuff. They also became gardeners and huntsmen. Some were skilled shipbuilders, making ships and boats for the Malay traders to ferry their goods to neighbouring islands.
Social Impacts on Singapore
Acts of philanthropy by rich businessmen
Building schools by businessmen and Christian missionaries
Crimes committed by the immigrants
Social vices
Outbreak of diseases
Lack of schools for children

Where were they from?
How did they contribute?
They lived in Chulia Kampong, but then moved to Serangoon Street.
Chulia Street
Services provided by the Indians were banking and transportation which they were successful in, and construction works by convicts. Example like clearing jungles, build roads and buildings, are done by the convicts.
They held a monopoly of transportation in Singapore until the 1860s.
Crimes and Social vices
Abuse of collies
Slave trade
Secret societies
Prostitution and opium smoking
Outbreak of diseases
Who helped to solve these problems?
Successful businessman was motivated by the need to help their less fortunate countrymen, and came forward to provide social services.
Tan Tock Seng and Syed Mohamed bin Alsogoff spent large amount of money on providing medical services, amenities like water wells for the community and helped to ensure that the poor had proper burials.
Pauper's Hospital which later became known as Tan Tock Seng Hospital.
Thong Chai Medical Institution
Christians missionaries from Europe and America came and set up schools
One of the earliest schools was started by an English lady missionary as a home for young Chinese girls rescued by the police they could be sold off.
This school later became St. Magaret's school.
Mostly men
They did not intend to stay in Singapore permanently .
They only came to Singapore to earn more money and sent the money to their family.
They would go home after they had acquired wealth.

They would bring their wives and children to Singapore.

They married local women( mostly Malays or chinese born in Penang and Melaka).
Arabia, Malay Archipelago, etc.
They provided service as barbers, tailors, entertainers, plantation workers and rickshaw.
How did the immigrants contribute to Singapore as a trading centre?
Entrepot Trade
Importing and exporting goods
Providing capital
Serving as middlemen
Providing goods and services for daily living
Providing Support Services
Construction sites
Provision of daily necessities
Some decided to stay in Singapore
Thank You
The Chinese Middleman
They helped traders from Europe and Malay Arhipelago bought and sell their goods.
They could speak sufficient English, Malay and local dialects to communicate with their clients.
And this allowed trade to take place.
Reference: Slideshare, Prezi, History Textbook Chapter 3
Full transcript