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The Wonders of Bhutan

All your information of Bhutan is right here including Culture, History, Religion and much more!

Rachel Rovira

on 31 March 2014

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Transcript of The Wonders of Bhutan

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Wonders of Bhutan
-Bhutan's population is estimated to be about 6,590,000 and is growing at a rate of 3.1% each year.
- The two most commonly used languages are Dzongkha and Nepali.
- Bhutan has three main climate zones: Subtropical in the south, Temperate in the central region and Alpine in the north. The monsoon season ranges from June to September.
- Bhutan is east of the Himalayas, and is mostly mountainous and heavily forested.
- The Bhutan currency is Bhutanese Ngultrum, but also consists of Indian Rupee.
- Bhutan is one of the last countries to introduce television
- Bhutan's land are is 38,394 km squared
- Bhutan's capital city is Thimphu
General information
The Modernization of Bhutan
Bhutanese Food
A Bhutanese girl wearing traditional clothing
Bhutanese Clothing
Important Leaders
- Buddhism -
Buddhism began as a offspring of Hinduism in the country of India. The founder was Sddhartha Gautama.
- Christianity -
Christianity originated fro Jerusalem where the Messiah (Jesus Christ) did many of his teachings.
- Buddhism -
There is no certain an or woman defined in this religion..
- Christianity -
Jesus Christ (The Messiah) was the main person in Christianity.
The modernization of Bhutan took place between 1952 and 1972 and was a very important event in Bhutan's history and here is how it happened. When the Chinese communists took over Tibet in 1951, Bhutan stopped its friendship with Tibet and sided with its powerful neighbour; China. To stop the chance of China taking over, Bhutan started a modernization program. The change of land laws was accompanied by the abolition of slavery, the freedom of peasants, the separation of judiciary from the execution branch of government. Mostly payed by India after China's invasion of Tibet in 1959, the modernization program also included the construction of roads linking the Indian plains with central Bhutan. He also did development projects such as the national museum in Paro and the national library.
The national museum
Buddhist monks
Bhutanese Dumplings
Bhutan is one of the last countries in the world to introduce to its people. The government lifted the ban on the T.V., and on the internet, only 11 years ago.
Interesting Info
Buddhism vs. Religion
Buddhism vs. Christianity (pg 2)
- Buddhism -
The main principle of Buddhism is that desire leads to suffering.
- Christianity -
Soe character traits are found in the bible. They are called the fruits of the spirit. The fruits of the spirit are found in Galatians 5 : 22 - 23.
- Buddhism -
When Buddhist believers go into the 'afterlife' there are two stages that they have to go through - Reincarnation (transmigration) and Nirvana.

Reincarnation is the stage where you take on a new
body into the next life.

Nirvana is the state of final liberation from the cycle
of death and rebirth. Therefore, it is also the end of
Jesus Christ (the Messiah)
Bhutanese cuisine makes allot of red rice, buckwheat and increasingly Maize. The main food in the hills includes chicken, yak meat, dried beef,pork, pork fat and mutton. Ema datshi, made very spicy with cheese and chili pepper, might be called the national dish for the pride that the Bhutanese have for it. Popular snacks include momo (dumplings), shaka eezay and liver. Popular beverages include butter tea, tea, locally prepared ara (rice wine) and beer.
When offered food, one says 'meshu meshu' while covering ones mouth with their hands in refusal, (according to Bhutanese manors) and then gives in on the offer the second or third time.
A kera is an ankle length dress, made from finely woven fabrics. The kira has traditional and beautiful coloured patterns. Under the kera woman wear a wonju (blouse) which is kept in place over the shoulder with a koma (a silver buckle). Decorations, colours and texture express the woman's social status and class. Usually over a dress a toego (open jacket) is worn. The outfit is completed by necklaces made from turquoise, corals pearls and the precious agate eye stone. These 'dzi beads' are called 'tears of the gods'.
A gho , is tied in place at the waist with a small hand-woven kera (belt). Above the kera, a large pouch is formed in which the men can carry traditional items like betel, nut and a bowl. The costume is completed with long socks and shoes or traditional hand-made boots, soetimes with beautiful designs embroidered on the in the most splendid colours.
Important leader (part 2)
The person that had the greatest impact on the history of Bhutan was Shabdrung Ngwang Nagyel (1594 - 1651). He is often refferred by the Bhutanese as Shabdrung Ripoche which means 'the precious jewel at whose feet one submits,' also eaning that they have a great spiritual personality. He destroyed several foreign aggressions and in the process set up a chain of strong monastery forces called 'Dzongs', which became a centre of stabilityto the country by showing a strong and enthusiastic process system and by introducing a set of strict, but fair laws of sunch enduring value that they have fored the framework to the present court syste of bhutan
Shabdrung Ngwang Namgyel
In 1616, the modern founder of Bhutan, Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel arrived from Tibet in Bhutan. Zhabdrung then made a unified Bhutan under a one government system. Before the Punakha Dzong that there is in Bhutan today, still standing there was only a small Dzong or Dzong chu. According to history, Zhabdrung ordered his architect, Zowe Palep, to sleep in front of Buddha at the Dzongchu. Fro the architects drea and vision the design for the new and much larger Punakha Dzong came fourth. Zhabdrung ruled Bhutan for about 30 years.
Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel

- Buddhism -
Some signifigant scriptures are Sutras, Pali and Tipitaka.
- Christianity -
An outlined book in Christianity is the Holy Bible. The Hole Bible is a collection of 66 official books in two parts (The Old Testament and the
New Testament), 39 in the Old Testament and 27 in the
New Testament.
- Christianity -
If anybody believes that jesus rose from the dead, then there is a place called heaven where they will go. The Bible speaks clearly of the existence of Heaven. It describes a place in which sadness, pain and death itself will end once and for all. Beyond that it gives only hints of what humans will experience beyond death. There is also a place called Hell. That is where the unbelievers go when they die. Hell is spoken in the Bible many ties, but its nature is even more sketch then that of Heavens'. When Jesus described the destiny of sinners who refused to change their ways, he compared the to Gehenna, which was a rubbish du outside Jerusalem. People in wretched poverty picked their way through it to find scraps, and fires burned
Christianity vs. Religion (pg 3)
The Bhutanese have limited acsess to modern forms of entertainment. For radio, FM broadcasts are aired in Thimpu, and short-wave broadcasts can be received in the rest of the country. In 1989 thee government banned the viewing of television by ordering all T.V. antennas in the country to be dismantled. The government publishes a weekly newspaper, Kuensel, but with the country's low literacy rate, the paper has a very small amount of people reading it. Religious festivals and folk traditions such as singing and dancing are the main forms of entertainment and recreation.
Birth and marriage in Bhutan are social or family events. Funerals, on the other hand, are complicated religious matters. After a death, a lama ( Bhudhist religious leader) is called in to extract the sem (spirit) from the body and speed it on its way. The body is placed in a sitting position before a altar, on which various ritual objects, including torma (figurines dough and butter) are placed. A lama leads the service for the dead, reciting passages from various Buddhist texts. Cremation is the usual form of removal of the body, although bodies may be buried or thrown in a river. Rituals are peformed for 49 days after death. During this period an effigy (symbolic model) of the dead person is kept in the house. Both the end of the mourning period and the one year anniversary of the dead are celebrated with a feast.
Weddings, birthdays and Death
The Buddhist stage of Nirvana
Losar, the Tibetan New Year, is one of the most important festivals in Bhutan. It is celebrated in February with feasting and drinking. Folk dances, including masked dances, are performed and archery competitions are held. Freinds and relatives exchange greeting cards. Domchheo and Tsechu are annual religious festivals marked by worship ceremonies. These are held at monasteries and Dzongs, the forts around which many Bhutanese villages are built. Various other Buddhist and Hindu festivals and practiced. The king's birthday (September 22) and the national day of Bhutan (December 17) are celebrated as public holidays.
Holiday celebrations
A Bhutanese competing in an archery competition
A Bhutanese host greets a guest by bowing slightly, extending his or her hands towards the ground with palms facing the visitor, and moving the hand in a gesture inviting the guest into the house. The host may also say, "Yala! Yala! Kuza zangpola?" (" Hello! Hello! How do you do?"). The guest, after responding in a suitable manner, is then seated in the drawing room. She or he is served tea, beer or other refreshments.
Interesting Facts
The king of Bhutan greeting a Bhutanese citizen
Full transcript