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8.04 The Iron Curtain Comes Down

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by

Ashley Babcock

on 6 March 2015

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Transcript of 8.04 The Iron Curtain Comes Down

Velvet Revolution
The velvet revolution was a non-violent revolution that occurred in Czechoslovakia in 1989. The revolution, which was meant to end communism in Czechoslovakia, was started by a group of students through a protest. Because of it, the country gained its independence from Russia.
Prague Spring
In 1968, Prague Spring was what originally put the idea of independence in the heads of Czechoslovakians. Reformist Alexander Dubček was elected the First Secretary of the country's communist party and tried to add reforms to the country. At this time, people believed in a change and wanted a revolution.
The Fall of the Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall was what separated East Berlin from West Berlin. The point of it was to separate communist Berlin from the rest of Berlin. In 1989, a series of political protests began that eventually led to Germany allowing people to cross the sides of the wall. In the beginning of 1990, the wall was taken down and people were allowed to go wherever they wanted to in the city. This helped to re-unify Germany.
Thank you!
Romanian Revolution
The Romanian Revolution was, in short, the end of communism in Romania. The whole revolution occurred in 1989 and was made up of a lot of different violent riots and protests. The reason for the revolution was so that Romania could become independent from Russian rule. Though over a thousand Romanians died during the revolution, it ended with the execution of Nicolae Ceaușescu, who was a communist leader.
Summary
The five things previously listed are things that greatly led to the fall of the Soviet Union. The Romanian Revolution was the most important because, as a large, violent protest, it was noticed by many people. It also freed Romania from Russia, taking away from Russia's power. The Velvet Revolution was second because it was a non-violent protest that freed Czechoslovakia from Russia's rule. This removed even more of Russia's worldly power. The Prague Spring was third because it put the ideas of reform in peoples heads and made them more comfortable with the idea of changing political theories. Next was the fall of the Berlin Wall because it reunited Germany. People could finally go back and forth between the two sides of the city and it was great for the morale of the whole country. Finally, Solidarity was important because it helped people to realize that change was good and beneficial for almost everyone.
8.04 The Iron Curtain Comes Down
by Ashley Babcock
Solidarity
The main goal of Solidarity, a trade union in Communist Poland, was to create political reforms. During this time, many workers went on strike. They wanted better working conditions, and because of Solidarity, they had the confidence to fight for it. In 1990, the creator of this party became the President of Poland.
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