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Thomas Jefferson Presentation

A brief insight into the life of Thomas Jefferson

Ross Ritchie

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of Thomas Jefferson Presentation

The Life and theories of Thomas Jefferson By Ross Ritchie BACKGROUND After Education... PRESIDENCY Born: April 13, 1743 One of ten children to Jane Randolph and Peter Jefferson. Died: July 4, 1826 at the age of 83 Lived in the family home in Shadwell, Virginia which is now part of Albemarle County Thomas inherited approximately 5,000 acres of land and between 20 and 40 slaves when his father passed away in 1757. His Education began with private tuition until
he turned nine by which time he had learned
how to speak the basics in Latin, Greek, and
French; he learned to ride horses, and began to
appreciate the study of nature. At age 16, Jefferson entered the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, and first met the law professor George Wythe, who became his influential mentor. He studied mathematics, metaphysics, and philosophy under Professor William Small, who introduced the enthusiastic Jefferson to the writings John Locke, Francis Bacon, and Isaac Newton. Jefferson completed his studies after just two years and graduated in 1762 His firm political belief was that
the government who governs the
least governs best. He also believed
in a strict constitution, ending all
taxes and finally in state rights over
National government. Other accomplishments
prior to his Presidency
included the writing of
the Declaration of
Independence ("life
liberty and the pursuit of
happiness"), founding
Virginia university and also
serving as the US
ambassador to Europe. Jefferson was elected in the 1800
election and was the successor to
John Adams. Thomas was
inaugurated in 1841 but what did he
achieve in his first term? 1) Cut military spending.

2) Reduced the army from 4000 to 2500 men.

3) Reduced the navy from 25 to 7 ships.

4) Reduced national debt from $83m to $45m

5) Cut all internal taxes. Jefferson was also in office during
the Marbury vs. Madison case
in which the process of "Judicial
review" was created and first used
to determine whether laws were
unconstitutional. Jefferson was easily reelected in 1804 due to his
extremely popular personality and decisions from his
first term in 1800.

Jefferson became even more popular in his 2nd term when
Barbary pirates declaring war on the USA showed the need for a larger navy and Jefferson was willing to go against his personal views and rebuild the Navy.

The Embargo act of 1807 however lost a lot of popularity for Jefferson who created this act to block all trade with Britain and France after British sailors were accused of kidnapping US sailors and forcing them to work on their ships instead. Jefferson left office just before the end of
his 2nd term due to his loss of respect. He
used this opportunity to rebuild a lost
friendship with his long term political rival
John Adams.

The two went on to exchange multiple letters
and gained a renewed friendship.
Jefferson passed away in 1826 on July 4th. This was the same day the Declaration of Independence was written. Co-incidentally Jefferson's long term friend and co-writer of the Declaration of Independence, John Adams, passed away on exactly the same day.
Full transcript