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MBFGW

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on 4 February 2015

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Transcript of MBFGW

Sociology
My Big Fat Greek Wedding

Sociological Theory
Deviance

Sociological Theory
Socialisation
Content
Movie Synopsis

Sociological Theories
Deviance
Socialization
Gender
Culture
Race & Ethnicity

Conclusion

Movie Synopsis
Toula
was born into a proud Greek family. At 30, she found it difficult to look for the “right one” as her family wants her to marry a Greek, Orthodox Christian man. She then falls in love with a non-Greek, non-Orthodox Christian man,
Ian
, and once her family found out about their relationship, they were upset. Soon after, Toula finally gets married to the man she loves after her family overcame the cultural difference.
Symbolic Interactionist View
Toula learnt the social norms from her friends (Differential Association Theory)

In Toula’s family, mostly anything which will affect the family’s future that does not relate to anything Greek is considered a deviance
Functionalist View
Strain Theory
: Toula aspires to follow the social norm in America being graduated from college and having a full time job that requires her knowledge in the field, which relates to the major in college

Strain Theory
: Toula’s Greek culture prevents her form achieving such mainstream goals
E.g marry a Greek husband at a young age and have babies

Strain Theory
: Toula felt wronged by society as she does not follow the social norms (e.g. eating sandwiches during lunch at school and having a blonde hair)
Movie Trailer
Through sanctions

Negative sanctions

There are gossips about Toula’s relationship with a non-Greek man (Ian) from which was confirmed by Toula’s sister-in-law

Toula’s father avoided her because she had gone out from her Greek culture as she fell in love with Ian.

How does Toula’s family deal with her “deviant’ acts?
Toula grew up with constant reminders from her father

“Nice Greek girls are supposed to do 3 things in life: marry Greek boys, make Greek babies and feed everyone until the day we die”

“You should be proud to be Greek”

Father did not want her to pursue a career and just get married.

Agents of Socialisation
Family
Agents of Socialisation
Peers
She did not sit with the blond pretty girls in her school when she was young which resulted to her feeling rejected and different.
Mass Media
Charles H. Cooley
Theory of Looking-Glass Self
1. Imagined herself to appear in front of others

She defines herself as different and ugly.


The other girls were blond and delicate and I was a swarthy six year old with sideburns.”

2. Interpret others’ reaction

She interpret the way the blond pretty girls look at her differently when they made fun of her food.
3. Developed a self concept

Therefore she developed a self concept that being a Greek is weird.
Resocialisation
Ian
Toula
He agreed to be baptized in the Greek Orthodox Church.

Tries to fit in and get along with Toula’s family for them to accept him.

Ian gets used to their traditions. During gatherings, it involves the whole big family.
As she grows up, she learnt the basic norms of what the average American eats and dress like.

In college, she ate sandwiches like what her other friends ate

She dresses more like an average American girl.
Sociological Theory
Gender

Sociological Theory
Culture

Sociological Theory
Race & Ethnicity

Myths of Race:
Race Superiority
Protection of ethnical identity
Toula’s dad kept reiterating about the Greek’s influence in the English language and always finding ways to prove that the origins of a word has Greek connections.

He also believed that the Greeks were the pioneers of astronomy, philosophy and democracy.

Shows sense of pride
Toula’s family were orthodox Greek

Would not accept any outsiders into the family

Father was livid when he found Toula’s boyfriend was not an orthodox Greek

Family disapproval of non-Greek boyfriend
Functionalist View
Functionalist View
Symbolic Interactionist View
Sending Toula to Greek school

Toula’s parents feeding their children Greek food

The belief that Greek women should only be married to Greek men and have Greek children.
Why?
To ensure that the Greek lineage would not be contaminated

Ensure continuation of pure Greeks
Painting of Greek flag on garage door

Owners of Greek restaurant

Travel agency specialized on trips to Greek
Why?
They want to create an in-group solidarity among the Greeks

To show that the Greeks supersedes the rest

Labeling x Perception = Prejudice

Ian’s parents being ignorant by mistaking a Guatemalan to be a Greek

Labeling a race outside theirs as the same
Why?
Lack of knowledge about other races and ignorance causes them to think that way

Toula’s family takes pride in their ethnical heritage due to being immigrants

By leaving ‘homeland’, they’ve become nationalists dictating what it means to be Greek
"the language, beliefs, values and behavior and even material objects passed from one generation to the next.”

Subculture
Counterculture
Culture Shock
Ethnocentrism
Culture Relativism
Future of Culture
Greek Culture
(Toula’s family’s culture):

Subculture of the large American dominant mainstream culture.
Definition
“A sense of disorientation when your culture fails to help you make sense of the world.”

When Ian and his family first visited Toula’s family, they clearly had a culture shock.
During the wedding, Ian’s parents were stunned by the enthusiasm and energy given off by Toula’s family. They were showing signs of displeasure.
Definition
“The tendency to use our own culture’s ways of doing things as the yardsticks for judging other cultures.”



Toula’s family(especially Toula’s father) were initially very ethnocentric and thought of the American culture to be inferior.
Toula's father: "There are 2 kinds of people- Greeks and everyone else who wish they were Greek."

"Greeks should educate non-Greeks about being Greek."
Refers to Ian as a "Xeno".
Xeno: foreigner

Rejected Ian initially because he was American.

Toula had to lie to her parents to see Ian.

Introduces suitors to Toula after finding out about Ian.
Definition
“trying to appreciate & understand other cultures on one’s own terms, in their own contexts without judging them as superior or inferior to his/her own”
Ians's family accepts Toula, meets her family and complies to the Greeks' hospitality by accepting toasts.
Toula’s family accepts Ian’s family as their own.
Allowing Ian to be baptized in their Church.

Toula’s family offering Ian’s parents many drinks as a form of hospitality in Greek Culture.

Toula's father
: "… we all different,but,in the end,we all fruit."
Cultural Diffusion

"Process whereby characteristics of a culture are incorporated into another when 2 different cultures come into contact"
Definition
Definition
“Norms and values that are at odds with the dominant culture.”

The American Culture is seen as the counterculture of the main culture of the movie, the Greek culture.

Norms and values are vastly different from the Greek culture seen in the movie.
American Culture
Greek Culture
Daughters to “marry a Greek boy”

Make Greek babies, and feed everyone until the day she dies.”.

Sons to marry a "Greek Virgin"

Extended family is "always in each other's lives and business."

Weddings have to be grand and held in their church.

The father is the head of the household (Controls family members’ lifestyle).
Children have more freedom in choice of marriage

Have small families.

Children have more freedom in their lives, allowed to make their own choices.

Extended families less involved in each other’s lives.

Weddings can be held in any manner desired

Parents seem to have equal "power".
Definition
refers to social characteristics

what society considers as proper behaviours and attitudes for males and females
Gender Role
"behave according to widely shared expectations about how males and females are supposed to act"
Dad to Toula
: You better
get married soon
. You are starting to look old.”

Toula
: “Nice Greek girls are supposed to do three things in life.
Marry
a Greek boy,
make Greek babies
and
feed everyone
until the day we die.”

Toula
: “Greek girls who don’t find a husband work in the family restaurant.”

Toula
: “My brother has two jobs – to cook (in the family restaurant) and to
marry a Greek virgin
.”

Toula’s sister to Toula
while her brother, Nick, talks: “For God’s sake,
Toula, let the man talk
. Why are you always so stubborn?”

Gender Stratification
“males and females unequal access to power, prestige and property on the basis of sex”
Origins of Patriarchy
Theory 1
Childbearing

In the Greek family, the women are only expected to produce Greek babies and education is not a priority.
Effects of Patriarchy
Toula wanted to further her studies

Disallowed by her father

Need to marry a Greek boy
Gender Inequality in Education
Toula to Dad
: “Dad, I’ve been going through our inventory and I’ve noticed that we’ve been doing a lot of unnecessary ordering. So I’ve been thinking, maybe we should update our system, like we could get a computer. I don’t know if you remember but I got all As in computers but there’s a lot of new stuff to learn now so if you want,
I could go to college and take a few courses
.”

Dad to Toula
: “Why do you want to leave me?”

Toula to Dad
: “I’m not leaving you. Don’t you want me to do something with my life?”

Dad to Toula
: “Oh, yes!
Get married! Make babies!

Ian to Toula
: “Actually, I
wasn’t in education
first, I was in law. My dad’s a lawyer. My grandfather’s a lawyer and it just wasn’t for me so I picked a new major.”


Nick to Toula
: “I went by the college and picked this up. Look, I’m going to start slowly, take a couple of night courses, and I just wanted to learn more about
painting and artsy stuff
.”
not expected to further their studies

expected to marry quickly, take care of household needs
allowed to pursue their interests

does not have to marry quickly

Dad to Nick
: "You have plenty of time."
Greek women
Greek men
Control Theory
: Toula has the pressures of inner controls toward her culture

Control Theory
: She also has the pressures of outer controls toward her friends (to follow social norms) and family (to maintain cultural norms)
Violates family’s cultural norms
Conclusion
References
Henslin, M. J. (2013). Essentials of Sociology: A down-to-earth approach (10th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ; Pearson.
Strain Theory
Conformity
Toula went against her father's words to attend college to attain a degree.
Deviant Path
Innovation
Toula desires to follow the social norm in America.
eg: to have a degree

She replaces a part of her current lifestyle with the social norm to fit into the society.

She deviates from her Greek culture.
There were flyers that encouraged her to go to college and further her studies which her father did not allow at first.
My Big Fat Greek Wedding [Motion picture]. (2002). USA: IFC Films.
Full transcript