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Haiti

french speeking country
by

Stefanie Volk

on 13 May 2010

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Transcript of Haiti

Haiti Country Map And Flag Haiti Flag. Where Haiti is in The Word Map of Haiti. History On January 12, 2010, Haiti suffered a devastating earthquake, magnitude 7.0 with a death toll of over 200,000. Aftershocks followed, including one of magnitude 5.9. The capital city, Port-au-Prince, was effectively leveled. A million are homeless and hundreds of thousands are starving. The earthquake has caused massive devastation with most buildings crumbled, including Haiti's presidential palace. The enormous death toll has made it necessary to bury the dead in mass graves. Most bodies are unidentified and few pictures were taken, making it impossible for families to identify their loved ones. The spread of disease is a major secondary disaster. Many survivors have been treated for injuries in emergency makeshift hospitals, but many more are dying of gangrene, malnutrition, and infectious diseases.[46]

This was one of Haiti's five earthquakes in history.

The recorded history of Haiti began on December 5, 1492 when the European navigator Christopher Columbus happened upon a large island in the region of the western Atlantic Ocean that later came to be known as the Caribbean Sea. It was inhabited by the Taíno, an Arawakan people, who variously called their island Ayiti, Bohio, or Kiskeya. Columbus promptly claimed the island for the Spanish Crown, and renamed it La Isla Española ("the Spanish Island"), or Hispañola (later Anglicized as Hispaniola).

Transportation All of the major transportation systems in Haiti are located near or run through the capital, Port-au-Prince. The most common form of public transportation in Haiti is the use of brightly painted pickup trucks as taxis called "tap-taps" They are named this because when a passenger needs to be let off they use their coin money to tap the side of the vehicle and the driver usually stops. Most tap-taps are fairly priced at around 10-15 gourdes per ride within a city. The catch to the price is that the driver will often fill a truck to maximum capacity, which is nearly 20-30 people.

Economy HAITI'S LOW-INCOME, PEASANT-BASED economy faced serious economic and ecological obstacles to development in the late 1980s. The country's gross domestic product (GDP) in 1987 was approximately US$1.95 billion, or about US$330 per capita, ranking Haiti as the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and as the twenty-seventh most impoverished nation in the world. The only low-income country--defined by the World Bank as a country with a per capita GDP in 1988 below US$425--in the Americas, Haiti fell even farther behind other low-income countries in Africa and Asia during the 1980s.

Haiti is a country of only about 28,000 square kilometers, about the size of the state of Maryland. It occupies the western third of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola (La Isla Española); the Dominican Republic takes up the eastern two-thirds. Shaped like a horseshoe on its side, Haiti has two main peninsulas, one in the north and one in the south. Between the peninsulas is the Ile de la Gonâve.
Geography And Landscape Historical sites Haiti is a beautiful Caribbean island that attracts a large number of tourists from all across the globe every year. The numerous Haiti tourist attractions are major crowd pullers and consist of natural wonders, parks, lakes, monuments and historic sites.

Traditional foods Spain, France, the continent of Africa, and later the United States, were crucial in shaping traditional Haitian cuisine. Throughout its history, several foreign countries gained control of Haiti, introducing food and ideas from their native lands, many of which significantly affected the foods modern Haitians eat.

The island of Hispaniola, which encompasses both Haiti and the Dominican Republic, was inhabited by hunter-gatherers as early as 5000 B.C. Fruits and vegetables such as guavas, pineapples, cassava, papayas, sweet potatoes, and corn were cultivated by early Haitian tribes, particularly the Arawak and Taino Indians. It was not long before the first European arrived on the island and began introducing oranges, limes, mangoes, rice, and sugarcane. Slaves from Africa were eventually transported to Haiti to work the sugarcane plantations.




Climate And Weather Tropical, with intermittent rain throughout the year. Much cooler temperatures exist in hill resorts and there is a high coastal humidity.
Required Clothing
Tropical, lightweight wear; rainwear and warm clothing for hill regions.



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