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Preterite vs. Imperfect

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on 21 March 2014

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Transcript of Preterite vs. Imperfect

Imperfect: Regular -ar endings
ONLY 3!!! :)
Preterite:
Preterite: Regular -er/-ir Endings
-car, -gar, -zar rule:
only occurs in the "yo" form
Preterite: Regular -ar Endings
Preterite vs. Imperfect
Examples!
Ser VS. Ir
He called Jake.
é amos


ó aron
aste
í imos


ió ieron
iste
Irregular Preterite Endings and Verbs
-car
-gar
-zar
c
g
z
qu
gu
c
all forms use the regular -ar endings (ex. jugar)
fui fuimos


fue fueron
fuiste
How would you tell them apart if they are conjugated the same?
Dar
di dimos


diste
vi vimos


viste
Ver
dio dieron
vio vieron
Verbs that end in -aer, -eer, -oír, and -oer . . .
í ímos


íste
yó yeron
~In the third person singular and plural change the "i" to "y" and the regular ending
~All of the remaining forms gain an accent mark over the "i"
Verbs that end in -ucir
je jimos


jiste
jo jeron
Decir
Traer
dije dijimos


dijiste
dijo dijeron
traje trajimos


trajiste
trajo trajeron
"u" group
andar
estar
tener
caber
haber
poder
poner
saber
anduv-
estuv-
tuv-
cup-
hub-
pud-
pus-
sup-
"i" group
hacer





querer
venir
hic-





quis-
vin-
hice hicimos


hiciste
hizo hicieron
e imos


iste
o ieron
"u" and "i" group endings
every other regular -ar and -ir endings without the accents (ex. -ar ending, -ir ending, -ar ending, etc. . .)
aba ábamos


abas
aba aban
Imperfect: Regular -ir endings
ía íamos


ías
ías ían
Irregular Imperfect Verbs:
How many do you think there are?
Ver
veía veíamos


veías
veías veían
Ser
era éramos


eras
era eran
iba íbamos


ibas
ibas iban
Ir
How do you know when to use the preterite and when to use the imperfect since both are dealing with past actions?
Impefect:
Imperfect Tense:
C
H
E
A
T
E
D
Preterite Tense:
S
I
M
B
A


continuous actions

habitual actions
emotions
age
time
endless actions
descriptions
single action
interruption
main event
beginning/ending action
arrivals/ departures
~ a completed action
~ "BAM" actions
~ actions which occurred a specific number of times
Él llamó a Jake.
Yo estudié español.
Nosotros escribimos cartas.
Tú comiste el pastel.
I studied Spanish.
We wrote letters.
You ate the cake.
Preterite: Stem Changing Rules
-ar and -er verbs do NOT stem change
-ir verbs do stem change, but not the same way as they do in the present tense.
e
o
i
u

preterite -ir verbs use these stem changes ONLY in the third person singular and plural. (ex. preferir)
preferí preferimos


pref
i
rió pref
i
rieron
preferiste
ju
gu
é jugamos


jugó jugaron
jugaste
Preterite: Signal Words
ayer
la semana pasada
anoche
el mes pasado
el otro día
el año pasado
entonces
hace dos días, años
esta mañana
ayer por la mañana
yesterday
last week
last night
last month
the other day
last year
then
two days, years ago
this morning
yesterday morning
Imperfect: Signal Words
a menudo
generalmente
a veces
muchas veces
cada día
siempre
cada año
todo el tiempo
de vez en cuando
varias veces
often
usually
sometimes
many times
every day
always
every year
all the time
from time to time
several times
Examples!
Ella durmió durante el partido.
She slept during the game.
Ellos repitieron la frase diez veces.
They repeated the phrase ten times.
Examples!
Toqué la flauta.
I played the flute.

Jugué al baloncesto.
I played basketball.

Empecé a escribir un libro.
I started to write a book.
Examples!
Ellos le dieron el reloj.
They gave him the watch.
Vi al Presidente.
I saw the President.
Fuiste a la tienda. (Ir)
You went to the store.
Ella fue la primera en llegar. (Ser)
She was the first to arrive.
Examples!
Yo caí de las escaleras.
I fell down the stairs.
Leyeron el libro.
They read the book.
Oímos la lección.
We heard the lesson.
Examples!
Condujo el coche.
He drove the car.
Yo dije a la maestra.
I told the teacher.
Trajimos la goma.
We brought gum.
Examples!
We walked in the park.
Anduvimos en el parque.
Vine a la fiesta.
I came to the party.
Examples!
Cada día tocaba el piano
Every day he played the piano.
Muchas veces, escribieron una carta.
Many times, they wrote a letter.
Verbs that Change their meanings in the Preterite:
conocer
saber
poder
no poder
querer
no querer
tener
to meet/make the acquaintance of
to find out
to manage to, succeed in
to fail, not succeed in
to try
to receive, get
to refuse
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