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Transcript of British Empire
How did it start
In the 1900's , educated Indians started to believe that the country should be free from British rule A political group called the Indian National congress was formed to bring this about but despite holding meetings or demonstrations; the british ignored their demands. 1914, India fought alongside with the Brits in the great war and provided them with a vast amount of resources, and 50,000 indian soldiers died.
1919 - British made slight changes on governing the country did make a few changes and law making councils were set up in each province and over 5 million wealthy indians could vote.
How India became involved
India was full of resources that were not widely available in Britain.
the right climate for growing many things that could not be grown in Britain.
The British saw the amazing things that were available in India, and decided to open trade with them. They established many trading ports around the coast of India.
successful system in
British customs were forced onto the Indians.
Some Indians said that they were already civilized.
They exploited the country for their own
They took too many raw materials, such as:
Traditions, cultures, rituals and religions were ignored.
" When a government takes up arms against the unarmed subject then have lost it's rights to concern."
INDEPENDENCE OF INDIA
Pros and cons on England's rule of
Independence of India
Gandhi was born in 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948. A holy man and a successful politician
who participated in the event ( independence movement). After university he went to London as a train barrister.
He returned to India in 1891 and in 1893 accepted a job at an Indian law firm in Durban, South Africa. Gandhi was appalled by the treatment of Indian immigrants there, and joined the struggle to obtain basic rights for them. During his 20 years in South Africa he was sent to prison many times. during his time in prison, he did hunger strike there Influenced primarily by Hinduism and part of Christianity and Jainism. He was a dominant figure for the country.
He persuaded people to turn against Britain without using violence (passive resistance). He encouraged:
boycotts, demonstrations, strikes and wanted
people to make their own salt. (you had to buy salt from the british and it was heavily taxed). This led to the; "March at the sea."
However, the British still controlled taxation, police laws and much more. Some Indians more charges as a step in the right demonstration was organized in Amritsar in the province of Punjab, the local British command ordered his men to fire in to a crowd killing 379 men, women and children.
The "Amritsar incident", was a turning point for INC.The leader was Mohammad Gandhi and other leaders took action in the independence revolutions
The Jewel In the Crown
By Imogen Parris
India was nicknamed the "Jewel in the Crown" because of its beauty. British people often lived very luxuriously in India because they had more power over the Indian people, thus they had many Indian servants. Often, the British had more luxurious lives than the lives they had at home.
British rule though, could be seen as a bad thing because the British forced their beliefs and culture upon the people of India, whose own beliefs and culture were completely ignored.
In the famine in India 6 million Indians died. The British were criticized for not doing enough as they turned a blind eye on the whole situation.
But, the British did do good in India. One Viceroy called George Nathaniel Curzon was a very good man and established schools, relieve famine and he renovated old Indian buildings. He was responsible for renovating the Taj Mahal.
By the time India had broken away from British rule, Britain had built:
2300 miles of road
2900 miles of railway
2.3 million acres of farmland
and 65 hospitals.
The term British raj is used to describe Britain's period of rule in India (raj meaning rule in Hindi).
The British raj flag.
The starving Indians; no British suffered this terrible fate.
Just-in-time for a mini QUIZ!!!!!
East India Trading Company
The East India Trading Company, was a British joint-stock company that was formed to trade with the East Indies, but mostly traded in the Indian sub-continent.
Shares of the company were owned by wealthy merchants and aristocrats, while the government owned no shares and had only indirect control.
A joint-stock company is a company which is owned by share holders.
The Company eventually began to rule over large areas of India, exercising control with their large private armies.
By Chantal Santos
By Antonia Tabi
1) What was the full name of the British Viceroy?
2) What is it called when you don't use violence?
3) When did company rule begin in the East Indian Trading Company?
4) Name one thing Indians were deprived of during British rule.
How many men women and children were killed in the Incident of Amritsar?
1) George Nathaniel Curzon.
2) Passive resistance.
4) Traditions, cultures, rituals and religions.
Company rule began in 1757, after the Battle of Plassey, and lasted until 1858. when, following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Government of India Act 1858 led to the British Crown assuming direct control of India.
-India was very rich in
which caused so many attempts to take over it.
- These were some of the natural resources India had: iron ore, copper, gold, silver, gemstones, tea and timber.
-in the middle ages spices were very valuable in countries such as India.
-India had really made strong
with some countries which were more rich and powerful by all the goods
By Alex M
Here come the europeans - Caitlin
-Most european countries thought that wars with India would make them more powerful.
- However some nations like= The Dutch, French and British thought that by helping some Indian princes ( like weapons and soldiers) they could turn wars in their way.
- they could also receive awards from the prince eg: land or goods.
15 AUGUST 1947
reasons why british didn't want to move.
The british were going to move from the country in June 1948. But Mountbatten ( the viceroy of India) demanded that they should leave on august 1947
the country was civilized