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The Presidency of John Adams

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Jennifer Glass

on 22 January 2016

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Transcript of The Presidency of John Adams

John Adams: Prez #2
Federalist
Both Adams & Thomas Jefferson wanted to be president
Adams was elected by only
three
votes
His Stats:
Issue #1:
French Revolution
War: US ally France vs. US trading partner Great Britain.
Which side should the USA help?
Should the USA help?
The XYZ Affair
Federalist President Adams tried to avoid war with France by:
build larger
army
and
navy
sent
diplomats
to France to talk
SOME Federalists were insulted:
Caused "war fever"!
President Adams still wanted to
avoid
war
Dictator Napoleon Bonaparte ends the French Revolution .
Napoleon agreed to stop seizing American ships in 1800.
Adams avoids all out war with France.
Issue # 2:
The Alien and Sedition Acts
Situation:
Federalists control the Congress and the Presidency WANT TO STAY IN POWER and they are afraid the Republicans were going to get more members and become the majority.
Federalists still wanted to keep the USA safe: by avoiding a war to help France, a war with France, and stopping ideas from causing a civil war in the USA
Naturalization Act:
Federalists afraid that new
immigrants
(from France) would support the
Republican
party.
So they make it
longer
to be a citizen
Sedition Act:
Illegal to say or write anything insulting or false about the President, Congress, or government.
Republican editors and printers were arrested
State's Rights
Anger at Sedition Acts:
Republicans Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
protested

Believed the laws violated the
First
Amendment rights of free
speech
and
press
States' Rights:
Virginia & Kentucky (Jefferson and Madison) used the 10th Amendment to say that states had the right to nullify/cancel federal laws.
Virginia and Kentucky passed resolutions saying the Alien and Sedition Acts were
unconstitutional
Adams
loses
re-election in 1800 to Thomas Jefferson
The Alien and Sedition acts expire/end
Dem-Republican Jefferson became the
Vice President
Will this be a problem?
YES
!
USA traded with France and Great Britain but both countries were
stealing
U.S. ships and cargoes that were going to their enemy
Boosted the idea of state's rights: that states created the Constitution, and can therefore judge if the national government is using it's powers properly. If not, they can refuse to obey federal laws.
Alien Act
President could deport/
imprison
aliens he thought were "dangerous" [Have Republican ideas].
Adams sends more diplomats to France to try to get them to stop stealing US ships and cargoes
Election of 1800
&
The Midnight Judges
Lame Duck:
Adams & the Federalist Congress had a few
months before Jefferson & the Republican
Congress took office.

Federalist President Adams
appointed
and Congress
approved
as many Federalist
judges
as they can before they leave office.

Chief Justice John Marshall was one of the "Midnight Judges". He served for
34
years
Supporting many Federalist programs long after the Federalist party died.
French Revolution
The poor started the rebellion against the rich and aristocracy because of taxes and famine
Changed into a crazy fight for "reason" and a killing fest for "public safety"
Many European countries, including
Great Britain
, were at war with France; they were afraid the revolutionary ideas would spread to their countries.
The USA had declared that it would remain
neutral
.
Federalist President & Federalist majority in Congress:
Wanted to have strong trade with Great Britain
Believed the US government too young and weak and if the radical, French Revolution ideas spread to the USA it would cause a civil war; want to keep the USA
safe
(national security)
Vice President Jefferson & Dem-Republican minority believed:
USA should honor the treaty the USA had with France because:
USA’s first
ally
(friend)
Both countries fought against a monarch
TROUBLE!
France asks for a
bribe
to stop attacking American ships. This is called the XYZ affair.
Did the states have the right to declare federal laws unconstitutional?
Copy and paste this web address:
http://www.articleii.org/video_intros.php?video=war

Watch the Commander in chief video (it is the far right icon...

Then watch:
http://www.history.com/videos/president-john-adams#president-john-adams
NO! Which branch of government has the power to declare laws unconstitutional?
Judicial Branch
Full transcript