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Civil War In Spain

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by

Jonna Shutowick

on 10 November 2014

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Transcript of Civil War In Spain

Civil War In Spain
Spain had a
Constitutional Monarchy
since 1885

King
or
Queen
is head of state, but there is a
government
elected to run the country
Political

divisions
caused problems
Problems facing the new republic
International Involvement in Spain's civil war
Franco
knew it would be difficult to take full
control
of all of Spain, so he appealed to
Hitler
and
Mussolini
for
help
high
unemployment
, low
wages
, standard of living decreasing
Prime Minister takes
radical
action:
reduced
power of
Church
removed
army
officers for fear of coup
allowed Catalonia to
self-govern
tried to increase
wages
for industrial
workers
nationalization
of large
agricultural
estates
This makes
everyone
unhappy
Jonna Shutowick
Boca Raton High School

Monarchists
- want to preserve the power of
the king, queen and Catholic Church
Liberals
- want to create a modern democracy; reduce power of monarchy and Church
Socialists
and
republicans
- want
to remove the king altogether
Separatists
- want independence for
their regions
Anarchists
- want no government
at all! They reject all forms
of authority
Lack
of effective
leadership
leads to a
coup
1923-1930 military
dictatorship
Great Depression
causes turmoil
1931 elections are held - a

left-wing
party of
Republicans
win
King
abdicates
the throne
Anarchists
caused the
deaths
of
19 people by derailing a Barcelona-
Seville express train


In
1936
, General Francisco
Franco
leads the
army
in a
revolt
against the government (Republicans)

Many
groups
within Spain
resist
a military
dictatorship

A Civil War begins....
Nationalsts
vs.
Republicans
Spanish Civil War: the two sides
Franco's Fascists
the Nationalists
Government - the Republicans

working class

citizens
socialists
communists
anarchists
wealthy
land owners
industrialists
the Church
the military
Church
- loss of power (
right
wing)
Wealthy
- loss of control over land and industry (
right
wing)
Socialists
- "he didn't go far enough! (
left
-wing)
Anarchists
- "still too much government"
(
left
-wing)
Chaos
and
rebellion
result and the and the Prime Minister resigns in 1933
Communism and Anarchy
become major
threats
demand
removal
of
capitalism
organize
strikes,
riots
and assassinations
The
government

uses
the
army
to crush all rebellions
An election is held and the
new

government
(a right wing conservative party) sets out to
reverse
all of the
changes
of the last government


EFFECT: causes
socialists
,
communists
and
anarchists
to
unite
into the one party
Nationalists (Franco's Fascists)
Repbulicans - armed by the gov't
a militia of citizens fighting the army
International involvement (continued)...
Hitler and Mussolini supplied military
equipment
and
troops
both
liked
the
idea
of a
third
Fascist state in Europe
International involvement (continued)...
Republican
gov't of Spain asked
Britain
and
France
for assistance against Franco
Anxious to
avoid

conflict
, Britain formed the
"Non-intervention
Committee
"
Both Germany and Italy
joined
- but
ignored
it!
International involvement (continued)...
Without Britain and France to aid, the
Republicans
turned to the only country that seemed prepared to help.....
THE
U.S.S.R.
!
Reasons for foreign involvement
Italy, Germany and USSR all had
ulterior
motives
Mussolini
- seeking
glory
and to be a leader in European affairs
Hitler
- wanted to
distract
Mussolini from his plan:
anschluss
Hitler not only sent troops and weapons, but
allowed
German firms to
sell

arms
to republicans!
Stalin
- Wanted to
support
potential future
communist
government in Spain
Stalin pulls back...
However,
concerned
about diplomatic
relations
, the USSR
stops
aid
Reason's for Franco's Victory
He maintained the
unity
of Church, army, monarchists, and fascists
Republicans
were far
less

unified
, not all agreed with communism - different goals
Franco's
nationalists
had the well-trained
army
on their side
Support
from
Italy
and
Germany
made a big difference
Franco will rule Spain as a dictator
until
1975
Britain and France
remained
neutral
Full transcript