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Transcript of Ancient Rome
Amman, Jordan Orange, France Outline of Theatre of Pompey Hypogeum Punic Wars
3rd century BCE
Rome controls large parts of Mediterranean
Comes in contact with Greek culture "Fabula Palliata"
Stories (fables) in Greek dress Plautus
(254-184 BCE) Terence
(195-157 BCE) Ludi Romani
Big festivals - funerals, birthdays, state occasions, military victories
Chariot racing, boxing, gladitorial events
240 BCE - Theatre included
Playwright - Livius Andronicus - Greek slave
Translation of Greek play Plautus begins to innovate
Includes characters from Atellan Farce
Traditional Italian entertainment
Maccus (old whiner)
Bucco (the fat man)
Dossennus (gluttonous doctor)
Samnio (Harlequin-type figure)
Pappus (foolish old man) Engineering 5th Century BCE Height of Greek theatre 4th Century BCE Actors: major public figures, wealthy, politicians,
Chorus: under state command, budget 404 BCE Peloponnesian wars
Big losses for Athens Playwrights can no longer be political Military rule 263 BCE Last major Greek playwright dies in 263 BCE, no more new theatre 240 BCE Theatre introduced to Roman festivals Roman Culture "...conservative in the extreme. Spartan, puritanical, and moralistic "blue law" legislation, as well as official... educational propaganda, all attempted to constrain behavior and encourage a return to virtues of the past."
Mos Maiorum: "the way of the fathers" -Theatre Histories, 103 Male head of family (pater familias): absolute power over house
General had son executed for disobeying orders, even though son's actions led to victory Pantomime Popular Roman entertainment
Chorus &/or musicians
Solo, non-speaking actor
Mask, closed mouth
Plays all the roles in a myth or drama Famous pantomimes Paris Nero's favorite
Put to death because he was a better dancer than the emperor Laberius Caesar's favorite
Appeared as beaten slave
"Henceforth, O citizens, we have lost our liberty!"
"He must fear many, whom many fear"
20,000 in audience, turned to see Caesar's reaction 312 AD Constantine converts to Christianity 398 AD Church excommunicates anyone who goes to the theatre on holy days
Actors forbidden sacraments (law remained into 18th century)
476 AD Fall of Rome Last recorded Roman theatre performance 549 AD