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Transcript of Medieval Japan
GOVERNMENT SYSTEM By: KATRINA LEE CONTENTS: -- Introduction to the
system of government
-- The Emperor
-- Ronins -- Peasants
-- Japanese Google Sketch-up House
-- Bibliography / Citation INTRODUCTION OF THE SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT IN MEDIEVAL JAPAN: The system in Medieval Japan was called the Feudal system. There were eight classes of people in the Feudal system. In the highest rank is the Emperor, so called the figurehead and the political leader; the Shogun was the military general, and was once in the highest rank of Japan; daimyos next, which owned land; samurais and ronins being the warriors; peasants being the farmers and fishermen; artisans being crafts men; and the lowest class being merchants that were sales-men. INTRODUCTION TO THE
GOVERNMENT SYSTEM: EMPEROR: The emperor is the highest ranking noble in the Feudal system. He was known as the figure head, and also a political leader. However, in that time, the Shogun held most power while the emperor (and his royal family) was like a puppet figure with little actual power. Even though shoguns had most power, the people wouldn't listen to the shoguns if not for the emperor because the emperor was like the God's representative back then. Shoguns Inheritance - From Father to Son So what will happen after the Emperor dies? The son of the Emperor will become the Emperor. If there is no son, then any male relative will become the Emperor. In this case, the Emperor can start being an Emperor when he is a child. The Shogun is one rank lower than the Emperor. Like the Emperor, there can be only one Shogun in place. The Shogun was the highest rank of the "military generals". Unlike the Emperor, the Shogun had the real actual power over the people and soldiers. Like the Emperor, the place of the Shogun would be past down from Father to Son. However, if the Shogun is weak, then a strong daimyo can take over his place and become the next Shogun. A SHOGUN REPLACING
AN EMPEROR??? A Shogun would never kill the Emperor and try to overtake him because once again, in the people's eyes back then, the Emperor was like a God's representative . So a lot of people would object and disagree, and there might be an uprising if the Shogun would kill the Emperor. Daimyos: Daimyos were powerful warlords or "generals", and the most powerful rulers under the Shogun. The daimyos had military and economic power. The most powerful daimyos could sometimes achieve or replace the status of the Shogun. In that case, the old Shogun will not receive the status of a Shogun anymore.
The word daimyo literary means "big private land". The daimyos could also be thought of lords in the Europe Feudal system.
Like the Emperor and Shogun, the daimyos also past down the "daimyo's place" to their son or any close male relative. WHAT DID DAIMYOS HAVE?? The daimyos had land holdings, armies, and workers that work in the land. Daimyo often hired samurai to guard their land and they paid the samurai in land or food. Each daimyo had an army of samurai. However, only few daimyo could afford to pay samurai in money. Samurais: Samurais worked under the daimyos. They had the highest position under the rule of the daimyos. Samurais had additional privileges and held a higher social status than common people. These privileges included being able to have a surname, a family, and carry two swords.They were hired by daimyos to become a part of an army, and daimyos gave them land and food in return. Bushido Code: They didn't receive high education, but followed the "way of the warrior", known as "bushido" in Japanese. If they break the "bushido code" or bring dishonor to themselves, they would have to commit suicide, known as seppuku in Japanese. Special Fact: When a samurai passed, lower classed people were required to bow and show respect to the passed samurai. If the lower classed refused to bow, other samurai was legally entitled to chop off that ignorant person's head. Women: There were samurai women, lower-classed women, and rich women that wrote poems or were novelists. The samurai women fought too, but always had to serve under a male samurai leader. Female samurai women could order lower classed people like farmers and craftsmen. Marriage was a lot of trouble for women back then. Lower-classed Women Women servants worked as cleaners, cooks, housemaids (caring for young children), farm laborers, or shopkeepers. Some women also worked as companions for samurai men, also called geishas. Most lower-classed women's duty is to serve their three masters: her father, her husband and her son, and home life was the focus of her career. Ronins: Ronins are samurai warriors that have been discharged, or those whose master (daimyo) had been drone out of his territory. Ronins are also known as wanderers without a master or warlord (daimyo). They are forced to wander around Japan until a new warlord would accept them. Then they can be samurais once again. Peasants: Peasants were fishermen and farmers. They fished and farmed for their land owners (daimyos, samurais etc). They were higher ranked than merchants and craftsmen. However, they didn't have a lot of power. They were like serfs in the European Feudal system. Water FISHING FARMING: ARTISANS: Artisans are the second-last ranking in the Feudal system.They worked with wood and metal and some became expert Samura sword makers. Artisans also produced many beautiful goods, such as clothes, cooking utensils, and weapons for war.
They lived in their own sections in the city, separated from the daimyos, and other people. MERCHANTS: Merchants were businesspeople who trade in items that were produced by others, in order to earn a profit. They were also separated from others. Some became really wealthy, but weren't allowed to display their wealth. More wealth, more power. They had little rights because they were thought to be cheating in business. CITATIONS -- 1: "Feudal Japan." Feudal Japan. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Jan. 2013.
"The Medieval Castles of Japan." Medieval. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Jan. 2013.
"Samurai Women." Skwirk. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Jan. 2013.
"Medieval Japan." When and Where. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Jan. 2013.
<http://www.rc255.will.k12.il.us/rcms255/textbooks/documents/chap14r.pdf>. "The Four-Tiered Class System of Feudal Japan." Asian History. N.p., n.d. Web. 2
Jan. 2013. <http://asianhistory.about.com/od/japan/p/
"Stock Photos: Cartoon Character with Dagger Killing Another." Dreamstime. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 2 Jan. 2013. <http://www.dreamstime.com/
"Red Cross X Clipart." Clker. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Jan. 2013.
"The Battle of Agincourt." British Battles. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Jan. 2013.
<http://www.britishbattles.com/100-years-war/agincourt.htm>. CITATIONS - 2 "Class Systems." Feudal Japan. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Jan. 2013.
"Samurai." Wikipedi. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Jan. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/
"Lady Hangaku and Tomoe Gozen." Ricky the Anggie Panda. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Jan.
"Ronin." Urban Dictionary. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Jan. 2013.
<http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=ronin>. THANK YOU FOR WATCHING!!! HOPE YOU ENJOYED!!! "Japanese Castle." Architecture. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Jan. 2013.
<http://www.3drivers.com/catalog/352/22590/>. FRONT VIEW: SCREENSHOTS OF MEDIEVAL JAPANESE CASTLE MADE IN GOOGLE-SKETCHUP SIDE VIEW: SIDE-BACK VIEW: BIRD'S - EYE VIEW: RESEARCH QUESTION: What was the System of Government like in Medieval Japan? Significance of the Google - Sketchup Castle: Defense The castle I built in Google - Sketchup is a type of castle used in medieval Japan. The significance of the defense structure are: it is surrounded by a moat, this will make it hard for the enemies to reach the castle and discourage the digging of tunnels; it has four turrets that can look out in every direction, this will make it easy for the soldiers to spot out the enemies; it has a fence that surrounds the four turrets outside (inside the moat); the four turrets also have portholes for guns and arrows, and the main structure is in the middle surrounded by everything else, this will make it safe for the people inside and the daimyo. All these defense points can make the castle and the people safe. Significance of the Castle - Design: As many people think, the roof of the Medieval Japanese castles are very special. They look like they are made of bamboo, piling up slanted. They are very suitable for snow and rain because the roof is slanted, so the snow and rain would be able to slide down the roof. These ideas actually came from China. Back then, groups of students and government officials were sent to China in Tang Dynasty to learn about China and its culture. That's where the ideas of the roof came from. Moat Bars/Fence Turrets Turrets Main Tower Small Gate