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Tatra National Park
Transcript of Tatra National Park
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Is a National Park located in the Tatra Mountains in Tatra County, in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship—Małopolska region, in central-southern Poland bordering on northern Slovakia.
The Park has its headquarters in the town of Zakopane.
The National Park covers one of the two Alpine mountain ranges in Poland. The Polish Tatra range, which is a part of the Western Carpathian Mountains, is divided into two sections: the High Tatras and the Western Tatras. The landscape consists of sharp-edged peaks and hollows with numerous rock formations.
The highest peak in Poland, Rysy (2,499 metres) is located here.
Tatra National Park
The first calls for protection of the Tatras
came at the end of the 19th century.
In 1925 the first efforts to create a national park,
in cooperation with Slovakia, took place.
But finally Tatra National Park was created in 1954, by decision of the Polish Government
It was established originally with an area of 215.56 km2 , but it's currently slightly smaller, at 211.64 km2. Of this, 3/4 is forest and the remainder mainly meadows. Strictly protected zones account for 115.14 km2, of which half of them are forest ecosystems.
n 1992, the Polish and Slovakian national parks in the Tatras were jointly designated a transboundary biosphere reserve by UNESCO, under its Man and the Biosphere Programme
There are around 650 caves in the park, of which the Wielka Sniezna cave system is the longest (18 kilometres ), and the deepest (maximum depth 814 metres ). Six caves of this system are open to public.
Wielka Śnieżna Cave
There are several streams, the longest stream reaching 20 kilometres . Waterfalls, such as Wodogrzmoty Mickiewicza are popular with tourists. The highest waterfall is Wielka Siklawa at 70 metres.
The park has over 30 mountain lakes, ponds.
These water bodies are an important part of the High Tatra landscape. The largest lakes are: Morskie Oko with an area of 349,000 m² and maximum depth of 50.8 metres ; and Wielki Staw with an area of 344,000 m² and maximum depth of 79.3 metres
Up to 1,250 metres there are mainly Silver fir and European beech forests. Higher levels, up to 1,550 metres , are covered with European spruce forests, which turn into meadows and grasslands at higher elevations up to 1,800 metres . The highest elevations, above 1,800 metres, have alpine flora habitats.
Other typical species include Swiss pine, Edelweiss , and Stemless carline thistle. Spring in the Kościeliska Valley is notable for the fields of Giant crocus .
The National Park contains several endemic fauna species, and many endangered and protected ones. Animals include: the Tatra chamois and marmot, both protected since the mid-19th century; brown bear, Eurasian lynx, gray wolf, European otter, lesser spotted eagle, and falcon.
Lesser spotted eagle
Presentation was created by
Weronika Krajewska 2E