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Communist China - Cottone
Transcript of Communist China - Cottone
The Great Leap Forward
Under Communist rule, China’s agricultural land and farmers were organized in to collective farms in an attempt to increase agricultural production. China hoped to become an economic superpower within 15 years.
1911-1949 The Republic of China was established under the leadership of Sun Yat-sen
1949- The Republic of China moved to the island of Taiwan
1949 –The People’s Republic of China came to power under the Communist leader Mao Zedong.
After the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, China adopted a plan of modernization, The Four Modernizations. Under the new leadership of Deng Xiaoping, China wanted to improve agricultural production, update and expand industry, modernize its army, and import foreign science and technology.
The last of a long line of emperors, Puyi lost his power at the age of 5. During his remaining years, he served as a puppet for the Chinese government.
After the last emperor, China fell into
the Nationalist party, which focused on
democratic ideas, but this in reality wasn't true, since the main leader of this time ran China like a dictatorship. This person's name was Chiang Kai-Shek.
Chiang Kai-shek and his fellow political opponent
couldn't be more different. Chiang Kai-shek wanted
democracy (but ran it like a dictator), while Mao Zedong pushed for a new Communist regime, which supported the poor working class. Through years of fighting following World War II, Mao's
Communist government took control of China, kicking the democratic Chinese Nationalist to Taiwan in 1949.
By: Mr. Cottone
VH Middle School
China's Cultural Revolution
The Last Emperor
What was the Cultural Revolution?
- It was started by Mao Zedong on May 16, 1966
*It is widely believed that he started the Cultural Revolution as a way to maintain power*
- It was a political campaign to rid China of it's "liberal bourgeoisie"/ capitalist (anyone who opposed his ideas).
- Mao wanted the people of China to give up their traditional ways of living and thinking and replace it with a Communist way of life
- He wanted China to be a classless society
So what did this look like???
Mao knew that the best way to gain support for the Cultural Revolution was to win over the country's youth. So, he created the RED GUARD
The Red Guard were student groups, that sprung up all over the country. Their role was to deal with people who were against Mao's ideas.
Many of these groups were made of children your age.
They often terrorized people such as artists, educators, intellectuals, and people who had wealthy families, like former landlords and factory owners.
Excerpt from The Red Scarf Girl
On Monday, all school classes were suspended indefinitely. All students were directed instead to participate in the movement by writing posters, da-zi-bao, criticizing the educational system. Rolls of white paper, dozens of brushes, and many bottles of red and black ink were brought into the classrooms. The teachers were nowhere to be seen.
The classrooms buzzed with revolutionary fervor. Students spread large sheets of paper on desks and gathered around, eagerly shouting suggestions. Girls and boys ran outside to put up their da-zi-bao and ran back to write more.
What do you see?
The central section of this wall shows the remnant marks of a propaganda slogan that was added during the Cultural Revolution, but has since been removed. The slogan reads "Boundless faith in Chairman Mao."
The Little Red Book
- Outlined Mao's ideas about the Cultural Revolution
- Citizens were supposed to have it on them at all times
The Red Guard
- Mao wanted the Red Guard to enforce the "destruction of the old"
Four Olds: old ideas, old culture, old customs, old habits
- They verbally and physically attacked government officials and others who were perceived to be capitalists, "bourgeois", or had a Western education. Many were innocent people.
- Additionally, they destroyed personal possessions and objects of traditional Chinese culture
"We'll destroy old world and build new."
Question: Do you notice any familiar objects on the ground?
Millions were forced into manual labor. These places resembles prisons.
Hundreds of thousands were killed
Countless temples, monuments, books, and traditional art were destroyed
A "mass lunacy" set in. Even Mao was completely unable to control the situation. Large parts of China were headed for Civil War.
How did it come to an end?
- As early as 1967 Mao realized that he needed to restore order, so he sent the army to take over local governments.
- By 1968 the chaos was increasing
- Mao began deporting young people to the countryside. 17 Million in total.
- The Cultural Revolution was officially ended in April of 1969.
And in the end
The Cultural Revolution was really all about a power struggle.
The generation of the Red Guard are referred to as "The Lost Generation" because they missed out on their education. (Note: Not one Chinese scientist graduated during the Cultural Revolution)
Mao died in 1976 and his supporters, known as the Gang of Four, were jailed.
China's next leader, Deng Xiaoping, was faced with rebuilding a broken nation. He adapted some ideas of capitalism to pull China out of the poverty that Mao created.
Tiananmen Square Massacre
People started to worry about corruption in China, yet no one had ever though of speaking out against the Communist government, for fear of punishment... until, 1989.
What happened in June of 1989 at Tiananmen Square is not being taught in schools in China. It is merely referred to as the "Incident".
After a democratic leaning Communist leader died, a group of students organized in Tiananman Square, in Beijing. It lasted for a couple of weeks, and the protests were relatively peaceful, and the amount of supporters started to grow, while the Communist government watched.
What happened next would haunt China and the rest of the world forever.
The Communist government had had enough of the protestor's games, and decided to kick them out by any means necessary.
A group of tanks and military officials opened fire on the group of peaceful protestors, killing approximately 2,600 people.
There barely have been protests since.
I'm a puppet
I'm a giant so you better
listen to me!
and it was red.