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Catherine the Great vs. Frederick the Great
Transcript of Catherine the Great vs. Frederick the Great
AP European History Catherine II (the Great)
Frederick II (the Great) Catherine II (the Great)
Romanov Dynasty Born in 1729 in Prussia
Known as one of Russia's greatest reformers.
Married grandson of Peter I the Great
Repressed a peasant revolt (Pugachev's Rebellion) and gave more power to landlords
Expanded the lands of Russia
Defeated Turks in war
Her main interest was education and culture
Certain, but limited, religious toleration Frederick II (the Great)
Hohenzollern Dynasty Born January 24, 1712, in Berlin, Germany
Laid foundation of unification of German states
Expanded its territory and military
"first servant of state"
Established universal religious tolerance
Granted freedom of press
Made Prussia one of the strongest nations in Europe
Established first German code of law Similarities "Enlightened Absolutists" Both Catherine the Great and Frederick II were referred to as "Enlightened Absolutists" because of their enlightened reforms.
Both had desired to better the society of their country through reforms. Citations "BBC - History - Catherine the Great." BBC - Homepage. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/catherine_the_great.shtml>.
"Frederick II Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - Biography.com." Famous Biographies & TV Shows - Biography.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/frederick-ii-9301742?page=2>.
"Frederick II of Prussia - New World Encyclopedia." Info:Main Page - New World Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Frederick_II_of_Prussia>.
Palmer, R. R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd S. Kramer. A History of the Modern World. 9th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2002. Print.
"The Enlightened Despots." gps.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://staff.gps.edu/mines/Age%20of%20Absol%20-%20Enlightend%20Despots.htm>. Both expanded their country's territories
Both supported education. Frederick through his general education rules.
Both reformed agriculture. Catherine through the Free Economic Society and Frederick through rebuilding towns
Both reformed legal codifications
Both set restrictions on torture but Frederick completely abolished it