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Predictors of talent (part 1)

Physical, physiological and sociological predictors of talent
by

junaid khaliq

on 30 September 2015

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Transcript of Predictors of talent (part 1)

Learning outcomes
Number of different predictors of talent
-Physical
-Physiological
-Sociological
-Psychological
-Skill related
Whereas some of these factors provide everybody with equal chance .. others (height, weight, muscle girth) can put others at disadvantage ..if late developer of latter end of age group
Relative age effect
Physical predictors
Main predictors are height, weight, muscle girth and somatotype
When considering physcial predictors.. important to look at which are important for your sport
Examples?
Physical predictors of talent are fitness tests done to predict what area and what sport is suited for the athlete
These tests are used from primary schools up to professional sports clubs.... are the best way to test somebodys physical abilities
Physical predictors
Height
Measure it when you are standing barefoot with your back to the wall and is the distance from the floor to the top of your head
Weight
Measured using a stadiometer or tape measure
Your body mass and is measured in kilograms
In some sports .. being heavier can be advantage or disadvantage
Can be measured using normal scales
Physical predictors
Muscle girth
The size and mass of muscle that you possess
If you have greater muscle mass you will be stronger (faster and more powerful) which will be advantage in most sports
Speed, quickness. strength and power also seen as key physical predictors of talent
Somatotype
Body shape and is seperated into 3 catergories
Endomorph, ectomorph and mesomorph
Physiological predictors
Two key physiological predictors of talent ... anaerobic capacity and aerobic capacity
Anaerobic capacity
Ability to work without oxygen .. relying on your anaerobic energy systems to produce energy
Important for sports that are shorter in duration .. often involving extended sprints (200m sprint)
Anaerobic capacity is measured by the athlete sprinting 40 metres as fast as they can. Their time is then recorded to the nearest tenth of a second. The faster the time is determines how well someone can work without oxygen
Physiological predictors
Aerobic capacity
Maximal oxygen uptake
Maximal capacity for oxygen consumption by the body .. important in activities that are longer duration (triathlon)
Aerobic campacity is measured by using a 20 metre shuttle run (bleep test). The athlete runs 20m to the beep and goes on the beep. Each time the beep goes faster making it harder for the athlete which means they have to run faster. The more runs the athlete gets means how good their ability is to use oxygen whilst exercising
Sociological predictors
Sociological factors relate to influence of parents, carers and coaches, opportunities for delibrate play and delibrate practice and education
Parental support
Has been shown to postivie and negative effects on performance of young athletes
When their is optimal level of support from parents .. young athletes tend to have high levels of confidence and self esteem
When their is too much support ..can lead to young people feeling pressured = negative effect in performance
Sociological predictors
Practice opportunities
Opportunity to play and practice is fundamental to development of young athlete
If their are more opportunities to play and practice .. young athletes have greater chance of developing more general motor skills and sport specific skills
Gives them more chance to be identified as talented player
The more opportunities there are to practice then the more people are going to play and the more talent will be found. For example in France there are 9200 tennis clubs whereas in the UK there are 2598. This means that there will be a lot more players in France and a lot more professional tennis players
Sociological predictors
Education
Some countries provide education system that helps identify talented young athletes
In the UK .. gifted and talented coordinators are employed in schools to identify young athletes so they can be referred to appropiate national governing body or sports organisation for futher guidance
Education is a main influence because some countries like the UK appoint gifted and talented co-ordinators in schools to identify talented individuals
Overview
Full transcript