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Florence, Italy

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Naomi Jenkens

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of Florence, Italy

Florence, Italy Ainsley
Oana The History of Florence Growth of Florence Urban Functions That Aided in Growth Factors That Changed over History The God Fathers of the Renaissance,
The Medici Family The Middle Ages The Renaissance Roman Empire Site Situation FLORENCE Florence is situated in a basin surrounded by the Senese Clavey Hills (Careggi, Fiesole, Settignano, Arcetri, Poggio Imperiale, & Bellosguardo)
The Arno river and three other minor rivers flow through the city
The Site is one of great natural beauty
Region is known for the fertility of the soil Came into existence during Roman Times
From eighth century B.C. until 59 B.C. was ruled by the Etruscans
The name Florence, in Italian came from the God “Flora”, the flowers’ Ancient Romans God
The first Roman village was built near the Arno river
The old village was very small, 300 x 400 meters
In a few years the village began to become important for commerce and cultivation so that Rome decided to expand and to fortify Florence
Second century AD, Florence was a shining Roman style city, water-supplied, with a lot of temples and theaters
In the fifth century, the Roman Empire of the West crumbled before the waves of Barbarian conquerors
The Dark Ages had begun, and with it was lost Italian unity for nearly 1400 years. Most of Italy came under the rule of the Emperor
Led to future conflicts between the Emperor and the Pope
The population of Florence was divided over their loyalty between the two factions, some Guelf supported the Emperor, and some Ghibelline who followed the Pope
At the end of the 13th Century, with the Guelfs in control, there was an end to the conflict
Throughout this turbulent history the region and Florence enjoyed a booming economy
Florence had formed her own strong gold currency
The mainstay of the local economy was the wool trade. In1400, was a major trading center
was a republic in which powerful families vied with each other for political control
Every age has a place at the time of the 14 and 15th century it was FlorenceFlorence is world famous for its cultural heritage and for its art treasures
called the “Jewel of the Renaissance,”
produced an amazing number of cultural and intellectual leaders.The renaissance marked by a return to classical ideas and culture
Artists, scientists, and scholars began to look back at the attainments of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome
At the beginning of 1400 AD Florence, as many others Italian cities, was governed by a Lordship. Florence has many famous churches and palaces, piazzas and squares
there was also a darker side: Mobs, families were pitted against each other in a constant struggle for power, political double-crossings and betrayals HOUSING -Florence has become one of the main centres of power in Italy A center of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of the time
Considered the birthplace of the Renaissance, and has been called the Athens of the Middle Ages
Has one of the most turbulent political histories Renaissance in art... Artists discovered how to paint in three dimensions
created entirely new genres of art, rich in drama and emotion
New techniques were invented, like painting with oils, and perspective
Artists such as Botticelli, Gozzoli, Michelangelo, Leonardo, Raphael, Donatello and Ghiberti transformed the way we saw our world Renaissance in architecture and science… Buildings were bigger and better than ever before
Taking inspiration from the classical past, new rules were invented governing proportion and perspective
Magnificent temples to wealth were designed across Florence and the largest dome in the world was built by Filippo Brunelleschi, the brilliant engineer.People wanted to study the natural world, to discover for themselves the secrets of the universe
Leonardo da Vinci pioneered the study of human anatomy and Galileo Galilei rocked the Catholic establishment by announcing that the Earth revolved around the Sun. Renaissance in politics... Liberated from the exclusive grasp of the Catholic Church
education filtered down to the upwardly mobile middle classes
Ancient texts, unread for more than 1,000-years, were devoured and debated
invention of printing, ideas swept across Europe faster than ever before, and thinkers and writers shared their opinions with the general public
Machiavelli, wrote the first modern manual for leadership, “The Prince”, describing a world in which the end always justified the means.
Throughout Italy, republics and duchies blossomed under the glow of creative achievement. Medici Bank, tying to make its family name known, was a small scale operation
From a small Italian community in 15th-century Florence, the Medici family would rise to rule Europe in many ways The Medici ignited the most important cultural and artistic revolution in Western history–the European Renaissance
An epic drama played out in the courts, cathedrals and palaces of Europe, this series is both the tale of one family’s powerful ambition and of Europe’s tortured struggle to emerge from the ravages of the dark ages.Standing at the helm of the Renaissance, they ruled Europe for more than 300 years and inspired the great artists, scientists and thinkers who gave birth to the modern world Country: Italy
Province: Florence
Region: Tuscany
Population: 370 000 (1.5 million in metropolitan area) Florence is in one of the most densely populated areas of Italy = many people
There are many fashion headquarters in Florence: Gucci, Robert Cavalli, and Emilio Pucci = more jobs
Tourism is a huge source of income for Florentines
There are major transport routes that run through and around Florence (i.e. railways and roads) The City Today Population Demographics: 46.8% Male - 53.2 Female
Mayor: Matteo Renzi (Democratic Party)
Total Population: 371 282
Population Density: 3589/km²
Average Income: €23 265
Total City's Income: €6 531 204 473
Ethnic Demographics: 87.46% Italian - 3.52% Other European Countries - 2.17% East Asia - 1.41% The Americas - 0.9% North African(Mostly Moroccan)
Birth Rate: 7.66 births/1000 people The City Today: Statistics Leading Industries, Employers, Manufacturing, etc. Major Fashion houses: Gucci, Robert Cavalli, Emilio Pucci, etc.
Florence produces furniture, rubber goods, chemicals, antiques, handicrafts, glassware, leatherwork, art reproductions, jewelry, souvenirs, elaborate metal and iron-work, shoes, accessories and high fashion clothes.
Heavy machinery also dominates a part of the income of the city Problems Linguistic Make-up of Florence Famous Sites of Florence
The native dialect of Florence is "Florentine"
Almost identical to regular Italian
In this language, the hard "c" is pronounced as an "h" The Piazza Del Duomo is the center of the city
the cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore and its impressive dome(its interior is decorated with sculpture by Michelangelo, Ghiberti, and others )
the Campanile, a graceful bell tower 89 mhigh
The Baptistery, with its famous doors of bronze with gilded bas-reliefs by Lorenzo Ghiberti and Andrea Pisan other notable churches is the 13th-century Santa Croce, which contains the tombs of Michelangelo, Machiavelli, Galileo, and other famous Florentines
The Piazza Della Signoria is the political center
the Palazzo Vecchio, the city hall
the Museum of the History of Science, whose exhibits include two of Galileo's telescopes
the Uffizi Palace, which has one of the greatest art collections in the world
Florence has a great wealth of manuscripts and early books INDUSTRIES SERVICES RECREATION CULTURE -Florence is legendary
for artistic heritage Art Language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence#Industry.2C_commerce_and_services -In Florence they speak
Florentine which is almost
exact to standard Italian Music Websites Bibliography Movies -During the Middle Ages,
Florence became the
musical centre Books Pictures Ever After The Complete Book of World History
Gage Human Geography Textbook Grade 8 Fashion http://www.flickr.com/photos/tysonwilliams/3618691059/
http://www.italy-map.info/mapimages/italy-industry-map.jpg -Florence is the home to
many fashion headquarters -Tourism is the most significant
industry in central Florence, the
# of tourists outnumber the local population from April to October Food -Florence is a major production and commercial centre -They produce all sorts of goods like: Furniture, Food, Antiques, Glassware, Jewelery, Shoes, Accesories and more -The city's income relies
partially on services, such as
annual fairs, theatrical and
lyrical productions, art
exhibitions, festivals and
fashion shows -Is one of the great wine-growing regions in the world Florence is a wonderful city however:
You must "validate" your bus pass or you may face a 45 euro fee - it may be because people had used fake tickets
The restaurants often cheat tourists (adding extra entrees to bills, etc.) Italian politics was once a very bloody game but with the times, that changed as politics evolved into a more placated profession -Florence has become one of the main spots for tourism
-Florence became the first city in Italy to have paved streets Fun Fact The population in Florence has changed dramatically. In the 19th century, the population doubled and in the 20th century the population tripled due to the growth of tourism, trade, industry and
financial services. There are several
new buildings and
cultural projects
being constructed. The End
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