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Transcript of American Football
- Cultural event or mass brawl?
2. Cultural Meaning
- originated from rugby
- first played at Princeton and Harvard
- very similar to the traditional rugby
- increasing popularity
- establishment of the IFA
=> evolution of Football
11 players per team
size of field -> 110 yards
system of 4 tries for 10 yards
legalization forward pass
- took a long time to develop
- teams came and went
- players considered Football as a part-time job
- with the entry of famous College players, the
NFL finally gained significance and fans
=> more teams participated in Football
- Super Bowl parties all over the country
- most watched TV event in America
- Football field is covered with a huge American flag
- veterans are honored before the game
Passion for the sport
- excitement of the game
- supporting their team
What are the risks?
- injury rate of 15,7 injuries per 1000 hours
(not much higher than in soccer)
- sprains, fractures and dislocations are most
- biggest problem are injuries that have long
term affects on the player
Long term affects
- concussions, cervical spine injuries
- memory loss
- personality changes
- many consecutive concussions can
lead to chronic trauma encephalopathy
- CTE leads to depressions, aggressions and dementia
- Football gear is constantly being
=> better absorption of the force that
that the players are exposed to
- roughing the passer
- helmet to helmet
Players are aware of the risks
A lot is done
to prevent injuries
Cultural event instead of mass brawl!
I) Book sources
Gruver, Ed: The American Football League : A Year-By-Year History, 1960-1969. North Carolina: McFarland, 1997.
Hoerner, Earl F.: Safety in American Football. West Conshohocken: ASTM International, 1997.
Kamberg, Mary-Lane: Sports Concussions. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, 2011.
II) Internet sources
Essortment: History American Football, Letzter Zugriff 05.03.2013 http://www.essortment.com/american-football-history-43333.html
NFL History Guide: NFL Team History, Letzter Zugriff 05.03.2013 http://www.nflhistoryguide.com/
Hollywood Reporter: Super Bowl dethrones 'M*A*S*H,' sets all-time record!, Letzter Zugriff 05.03.2013 http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/blogs/live-feed/super-bowl-dethrones-mash-sets-53083
Enlighten Your Day: Amazing & Inspiring Football Speech: I am a champion!, Letzter Zugriff 05.03.2013 http://enlightenyourday.com/2008/08/25/amazing-inspiring-football-speech-i-am-a-champion/
Manner Of Speaking: Speeches from Film: Any Given Sunday, Letzter Zugriff 05.03.2013 http://mannerofspeaking.org/2010/05/04/speeches-from-film-any-given-sunday/
Springer Link: American-Football-Verletzungen in der deutschen Bundesliga: Verletzungsrisiko und Verletzungsmuster, Letzter Zugriff 05.03.2013 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF02044355
NCBI: Common American football injuries., Letzter Zugriff 05.03.2013 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1947533
WebMD: Concussion (Traumatic Brain Injury), Letzter Zugriff 05.03.2013 http://www.webmd.com/brain/concussion-traumatic-brain-injury-symptoms-causes-treatments
BU: What is CTE?, Letzter Zugriff 05.03.2013 http://www.bu.edu/cste/about/what-is-cte/
Men's Journal: Dave Duerson: The Ferocious Life and Tragic Death of a Super Bowl Star, Letzter Zugriff 05.03.2013 http://www.mensjournal.com/magazine/dave-duerson-the-ferocious-life-and-tragic-death-of-a-super-bowl-star-20121002?page=1
The Guradian: The NFL star and the brain injuries that destroyed him, Letzter Zugriff 05.03.2013 http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2011/jul/19/nfl-star-brain-injuries-destroyed
Medical News Today: Professional Football Players Have Higher ALS And Alzheimer's Death Risks, Letzter Zugriff 05.03.2013 http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/249912.php
UNC: Annual Survey of Football Injury Research 1931 - 2007, Letzter Zugriff 05.03.2013 http://www.unc.edu/depts/nccsi/FootballInjuryData.htm
Would you be willing to play in the
NFL if you had the opportunity?
to hurt opponent