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Direct & Indirect Instruction

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by

Hannah Wood

on 22 October 2014

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Transcript of Direct & Indirect Instruction

Direct & Indirect Instruction
Direct Instruction is a teaching approach that is skills-oriented and the teacher practices are
TEACHER-DIRECTED
.

It is based on the lower levels of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains which are
REMEMBERING, UNDERSTANDING, AND APPLYING.
(Bloom's)
It calls for a response that is identical to the content taught.
Direct Instruction strategies work best when teaching facts, rules, and action sequences.
full-class instruction rather than small-group instruction
organizing learning around questions posed by the teacher
providing detailed and redundant practice
presenting material so students master one new fact, rule, or sequence before the teacher presents the next
What is Direct Instruction?
Characteristics of
Direct Instruction
What is Indirect Instruction?

Indirect Instruction is a teaching approach that is
STUDENT-CENTERED
.
Indirect Instruction is based on the higher levels of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains which include
ANALYZING, EVALUATING, AND CREATING.
It calls for a response that differs from content taught.
Indirect Instruction strategies are best suited for teaching inquiry, concepts and problem solving.
Comparing Direct and Indirect Instruction
Direct

Indirect
teacher-centered
daily review and practice
emphasizes acquiring, memorizing, and practicing knowledge
facts, rules, & action sequences are mastered before new information is presented
MODELING
clear, concise, step-by-step explanation
student-centered
teachers concepts, patterns, and abstractions
focuses on inquiry-learning and problem-solving strategies
full-group discussions
Induction and deduction used to analyze
use of examples and non-examples
use of student ideas
Steps of Direct Instruction
in the Classroom
1. gaining attention
2. presentation of content
3. guided practice (modeling)
4. independent practice
SOURCES
Borich, Gary D. Effective Teaching Methods: Research-based Practice. 7th ed. Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon, 2011. Print.
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