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Jeremy Kyle- Analysis
Becky Harton 12 July 2013
Transcript of Jeremy Kyle- Analysis
"HAVE YOU SLEPT WITH MY MUM?!?!"
The semantic field of this particular extract we looked at consisted of lexis that would have the ‘shock factor’ such as ‘cheating’ as this word has negative connotations so the audience will immediately have a stereotypical view of the one being accused.
Non- Fluency Features:
The Non- Fluency features that are present in this particular show consist mainly of hesitations. Hesitations occur when Jeremy Kyle is trying to ease the tension, or give his opinion on the situation or even ask a question however he is interrupted by the guests that argue and speak over one another as they are filled with anger and negative emotions.
Use of Tag Questions:
Direct Address- 37 found in transcript:
Turn-taking is very rare in the Jeremy Kyle show due to the fact that guests are extremely emotional and impatient because the situation they are in is often influenced by negativity. Another reason turn-taking rarely occurs is due to interruptions during the process of interrogation that Jeremy is using on them.
Euphemism & Dysphemism in transcript (Gender):
• The use of rhetorical questions is in order to add humour to the show as Jeremy Kyle himself is notorious for making sarcastic or blunt ‘common sense’ remarks to his guests when fitting. His use of rhetorical devices also shows how he is disbelieving of certain guests that are portrayed as ‘wrong’ or ‘bad’ on the show, which also represents his influential power.
• There is a significant increase in the use of open tag questions the reason for this could suggest that Jeremy Kyle uses open questions in order to actually understand and confirm the outcome of the situation. Open questions will give him more evidence from the guests in order to make one of his many ‘hilarious’ assumptions about them. This is an example of the power asymmetry between JK and his guests.
• Closed questions are significantly lower than open most likely due to the fact that he often has to wrap parts of the show up as he usually has more than three storylines for each show- however closed questions are always apparent due to wanting to get a response from the guest and make them admit their mistakes. A series of closed questions is usually the form Jeremy Kyle uses almost like turn taking.
• Tag questions are used by Jeremy Kyle when he is trying to emphasise his point of view or what society would determine what is the correct behaviour or attitude. Tag questions are used to engage wither the victim or victim’s relative to support his view on not condoning ones behaviour.
Power in Turn-taking:
JK: your 39, she’s 21
Jaffa (male guest): yeah
JK: Do you fancy the mother?
Jaffa: no I love er
JK: and you haven’t cheated
JK: and you’re gonna pass this lie detector with flying colours
This extract of a conversation from one of the shows, tells us that Jeremy is being brutal towards his guests by using sarcasm when asking questions, through the use of turn-taking.
Turn-taking shows us that Jeremy is trying to give his guests a chance to explain themselves and make their points even though most of them are represented in a negative way due to their disgusting behaviour and are not participating to help solve the problem.
Often Jeremy Kyle uses turn-taking when he feels sympathetic towards one guest (being the less powerful participant) as his tone of voice (paralanguage) alters to a much calmer tone in order to understand the situation. However this extract above shows Jeremy Kyle’s disbelief in the way he uses sarcasm as ‘flying colours’ is a phrase often used when someone is sceptical about a situation.
The use of direct address is for emphasis on trying to make the guests who are portrayed as in the right or wrong realise their mistakes or the next stage they should take in their relationships. Often the use of ‘you’ is Kyle’s way of make harsh and blunt remarks as he is the more powerful participant on the show.
• The use of ‘I’ is rarely used compared to 2nd person and 3rd person is due to the fact that he is trying to diffuse the tension and use repetition to expose the truth behind the accusations by each guest. The use of ‘I’ first person is usually used when he is trying to put himself in the situation to reveal how shocking and demeaning the situation is such as in this example; accusations of sleeping with the mother.
Second person pronoun is the use of direct address which is used to insert his power and authority over the guest that is usually portrayed as being in the wrong. ( See direct address information).
• The reason for third person being used more frequently is due to Jeremy Kyle needing to engage not just the guests but the live audience and the audience watching at home. The need to use ‘he, she or they’ is due to Jeremy Kyle using his positional power and influential power to repeat what one guest may say and then aim it as a blunt dysphemism or question towards the guest who is being accused.
• Euphemisms in Jeremy Kyle are often rare as he prefers to use Dysphemism’s in order to shun the light on the accusations made about certain guests. Euphemisms however are his way of using sympathy if a particular guest is emotional. This guest is often considered the less powerful participant.
• Dysphemism’s are a way of Jeremy Kyle using his more powerful participant status in order to emphasise on the connotations that the audience may have when JK uses a dysphemism such as ‘dirty and poor’ we immediately are influenced by a stereotypical view of someone who is ‘dirty and poor’ in society.
• In terms of gender, dysphemism’s are used more frequently by JK towards the male guests or when referencing a male guest. This could be due to females being seen as more vulnerable in society or possibly more females in the less powerful participant role make an appearance on the show.
Other forms of lexis in this semantic field are:
-Complications (reference to STI)
These words are particularly common on the Jeremy Kyle show as there is often similar issues underlying the reason they’ve come on the show.
There is evidence of Jeremy Kyle attempting to ask a question but is blocked by arguing from the guests. This can have a negative reaction as Jeremy Kyle has to change his paralanguage such as tone of voice and volume in order to be heard over the constant rowing that definitely occurs in this extract.
This part of the transcript also shows how Jeremy Kyle is struggling to be heard due to being put off from the negative interruptions surrounding him. The evidence of hesitations is ‘w w when he makes this’ which shows he could have been put off by possibly non-verbal communication on the show from the guests. There is also evidence of quite a few pauses as if he is trying to diffuse the tension by wording it correctly.